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35 Cards in this Set

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Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire (1911)
in New York City on March 25, 1911, was the largest industrial disaster in the history of the city of New York, causing the death of 146 garment workers who either died in the fire or jumped to their deaths. The fire led to legislation requiring improved factory safety standards and helped spur the growth of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, which fought for better working conditions for sweatshop workers in that industry.
Herbert Croly and "The Promise of American Life" (1909)
- A liberal political author
- Cofounded "The New Republic"

His book discusses the historical evolution of American society, includes analysis of slavery and slave-holders, corporations and unions, centralization and democracy, and individual as well as national purpose...and utilized progressive ideas.
a journalist, author or filmmaker who investigates and exposes political and or social corruption.
Lincoln Steffens and "The Shame of the Cities" (1904)
- a muckraker

his book sought to expose public corruption in many major cities throughout the United States. He wanted reform
Upton Sinclair and "The Jungle" (1906)
- investigative journalist

His book, The Jungle, revealed the conditions in the US meat packing industry and helped move the country toward the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act
Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)
a United States federal law that provided for federal inspection of meat products, and forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated food products or poisonous patent medicines.

This helped lead to the Food and Drug Adminitration's creation.
Meat Inspection Act (1906)
a United States federal law that authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to order meat inspections and condemn any meat product found unfit for human consumption.
Henry Ford and "Fordism"
the founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production.

"Fordism", that is, the mass production of large numbers of inexpensive automobiles using the assembly line, coupled with high wages for his workers—notably the $5.00 a day pay scale adopted in 1914.
Frederick Taylor and "scientific management"
an American engineer who sought to improve industrial efficiency.

thought the workforce should be skilled and innovative
Socialist Party, Victor Berger and Eugene Debs
Eugene Debs jailed after Pullman Strike
Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)
The IWW contends that all workers should be united within a single union as a class and that the wage system should be abolished.
"Big Bill" Haywood
Haywood was an advocate of industrial unionism,[1] a labor philosophy that favors organizing all workers in an industry under one union, regardless of the specific trade or skill level
Ludlow Massacre (1914)
the death of 20 people during an attack by the Colorado National Guard on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families, at Ludlow, Colorado on April 20, 1914.
"Mother" Jones
a prominent American labor and community organizer, and Wobbly (part of the IWW)
Margaret Sanger
an American birth control activist, an advocate of certain aspects of eugenics, and the founder of the American Birth Control League (which eventually became Planned Parenthood).
Emma Goldman
aka 'Red Emma', was a Kaunas, Lithuania-born anarchist known for her writings and speeches. She was lionized as an iconic "rebel woman" feminist by admirers, and derided as an advocate of politically motivated murder and violent revolution by her critics.[1]
Fightin' Bob LaFollette and the "Wisconsin Idea"
He ran for President of the United States as the nominee of his own Progressive Party in the 1924 elections, carrying Wisconsin and 17% of the national popular vote. He is best remembered as an exponent of Progressivism, and vocal opponent of railroads, bossism, World War I, and the League of Nations. In
Jane Addams and "Hull House"
In 1889 she and Ellen Gates Starr co-founded Hull House in Chicago, Illinois, one of the first settlement houses in the United States. At its height, Hull House was visited each week by around two thousand people. Its facilities included a night school for adults; kindergarten classes; clubs for older children; a public kitchen; an art gallery; a coffeehouse; a gymnasium; a girls club; a swimming pool; a book bindery; a music school; a drama group; a library; and labor-related divisions.
National American Women's Suffrage Association (NAWSA)
NAWSA was the largest and most important suffrage organization in the United States until the ratification in 1920 of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. Thereafter NAWSA was reformed as the League of Women Voters, which continues in existence up to the present time.
16th, 17th, 18th, 19th amendments
16th - allows federal income tax
17th - direct election to US Senate
18th - prohibition of alcohol
19th - women's suffrage
Lochner v. New York
a landmark United States Supreme Court case that held that the "right to free contract" was implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The case involved a New York law that limited the number of hours a baker could work each week. By a 5-4 margin, the Supreme Court rejected the argument that the law was necessary to protect the health of bakers, calling it an "unreasonable, unnecessary and arbitrary interference with the right and liberty of the individual to contract."
Muller v. Oregon
was a landmark decision in United States Supreme Court history, as it relates to both sex discrimination and labor laws. The case upheld Oregon state restrictions on the working hours of women as justified by the special state interest in protecting women's health.
Theodore Roosevelt and the Square Deal
Republican, became President after assasination of William McKinley and then won again

was the term used by President Theodore Roosevelt and his associates for the domestic policies of his administration, particularly with regard to economic policies, such as enforcement. The term is a general reference to the concept of a square deal being an agreement that is made fairly between businesses and the consumers and workers.
Northern Securities Case
against the monopoly of the Northern Securities Company (railroads)
Hepburn Act (1906)
gave the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) the power to set maximum railroad rates and led to the discontinuation of free passes to loyal shippers
Sierra Club
an American environmental organization founded on May 28, 1892 in San Francisco, California by the well-known preservationist John Muir
Mann-Elkins Act (1910)
The act extended the authority of the Interstate Commerce Commission to include communications. Supported by President William Howard Taft, it also made the long-short haul clause of the original act more effective, i.e., it strengthened government regulation of the railroads.
William Howard Taft
progressive conservative; won the election of 1908

trust-busting, strengthening the Interstate Commerce Commission, expanding the civil service, establishing a better postal system, and promoting world peace.
Woodrow Wilson
Democrat; won the election of 1912 and 1916

he began the first effective draft in 1917, raised billions through Liberty loans, imposed an income tax on the wealthy, set up the War Industries Board, promoted labor union growth, supervised agriculture and food production through the Lever Act, took over control of the railroads, and suppressed left-wing anti-war movements. He paid surprisingly little attention to military affairs, but provided the funding and food supplies that made Allied victory in 1918 possible.
Election of 1912
Democrat (winner) - Wilson
Progressive - T Roosevelt
Republican - Taft
Clayton Act (1914)
continues against monopolies
Federal Reserve System (1913)
The Federal Reserve System is a quasi-governmental banking system
Federal Trade Commission (1914)
Its principal mission is the promotion of consumer protection and the elimination and prevention of anticompetitive business practices.
"We want bread and roses too"
slogan for a textile strike in Lawrence, MA..(mostly women)

fighting for better conditions, etc
Samuel "Golden Rule" Jones
Introduced paid vacations and the 8 hour work day; mayor of Toledo for 4 straight terms