Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is an epic?
a long narrative poem that tells of the adventures of a hero who embodies the values of his particular civilization
Briefly describe the civilization that takes place around this time?
just beginning to start its culture ("pack of animals") male civilization dominates
WHich was the first created book the Iliad or the Odyssey?
the iliad
What was the time period in which the two books the Iliad and the Odyssey were createD?
700-900 BC
Briefly describe what the plot of the Iliad was?
the story of the 10 year war between the trojans and the greeks (epic of war)
What was the cause of the Trojan war?
helen left king Menelaus and ran off with Paris (the prince of troy) and Menelaus and the greeks faught to reclaim her
Briefly describe the plot of the Odyssey?
story odysseus's attempt to return home after the Torjan War (epic of long journey)
Home was probably a ___ or a ___ called a ____
bard or a minstrel called a Rhapsode
What is a rhapsode?
singer of tales, historian/entertainer/mythmaker
What are the 8 characteristics of the epic?
1. begins with invocation to the muse
2. divided into books or cantos
3.makes use of mythology is central character (usually introduced when fortunes are low)
5.long and dignified in language
6.war and battles-frequent requiring superhuman courage
7.setting is vast in scope (nations world and invierse
8. includes journey or pilgrimage descent into the underworld
Homeric Greece = (____ BC)
1400 BC
the homeric period was ______ than the classical period
far less developed
What were these Homeric places linked by?
relationship of city-states sharing the same langugage (between civilizationa nd barbarian nature)
What is Aristoi?
Nobleman "The Aristocracy" "the best"
What is reciprocity?
(trade or barter) governmental and economic transaction relied on a simple system of reciprocity (a mutual exchange between two or more people *lack of laws or plice could often result in negative reciprocity*
guest -friendhsip or hospitality (based on reciprocity) AND religious belief
this is what motivates a greek hero, or member of aroisoti
what are the 5 concepts of aristoi?
-concept of excellance
-definate idea of human perfection
-idea of self fullfillment/realization
-prowess as a soldier and athlete
-competition for kleos (glorY)
What is aidos? and what is an example of it?
sense of duty *feels it is his responsibility to get home and to help his companions get home as well*
excessive pride
sense of justice (daughter of zeus who watched over the deeds of men and reported to the gods whenever justice was violated. Eventually this beame and econmoic political and moral issue
what is a hero?
a special class o0f aristocrats (arostoi) placed somewhere between gods and man
what was odysseus's most well known character trait and what are some examples of him using it?
Wily (cleverness) used his wits as well as fists

-avoided draft--faking insanity
-contrived trojan horse plain
-schemes throughout the epic
God or Goddess who assits hero *helps those who help themselves*
a spiritual or psychological reflection of a heros best quality
What is a myth?
stories that use fantasy to express ideas about life that cannot be expressed easily in realistic terms. (greeks were curious wanted a way to explain events or things)
What are myths composed of?
traditional stories about gods, kings, land heroes.
-provided lessons
-told orally and more corupted each time it was told
what are the three general catagories that myths are divided into?
pure myth (primitive science and primitive religion) heroic saga (primitve history) and folklore
How and who were the gods created by?
the gods were created in mans image because man created gods, * they have to have some negative characteristics because if they create and control the universe and it is such a brutal and nasty place..*
How are arguments started with gods?
gods often disagree with one antoerh because the natural world is fille dwith contridictory forces.
what is the difference between western gods and greek gods?
western gods were more just and moral than the greek gods who just wanted power
What is the greek term for god? and what is its secret meaning?
theos and its secret meaning is power
What do the gods have to do with the mortals?
human actions can be influenced by both human will and intervention of the gods. gods control your exisitance just as you do. the gods help those who help themselves
What are the 6 steps of HOmers narrative technique
1. usually begins in medias res (middle of things, requires the use of flashback)
2. much repetition (emphasis bring audience up to date helps the poet)
3. epithet- a word or phrase use to chracterize a person or thing
4. epic simile- (an extended comparison often compares epic to ordinary)
5. Dramatic irony - reader immediately knows something that the character might not
6. change in point of view