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24 Cards in this Set

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popular government
government that is controlled by the citizenry rather than an elite cadre of officials
infotainment
a blend of information and entertainment. critics believe such treatments masquerade as journalism and decive the public.
journalism
reporting on government, politics, policies, economics, and other news issues.
political journalism
reporting on the political process, including campaigns and elections, congress, the presidency, and other government and political entities.
seditious libel
criticism of the government. in colonial times, such criticism was considered libelous even if it was true.
enlightenment philosophy
philosophical movement during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries that generated new ideas about scientific reasoning, democracy, rule by consent of the governed, and free criticism of government. these ideas challenged authoritian control and championed civil rights.
dark ages of journalism
period when the republic was formed and reporters and editors were highly partisan in their efforts to build a new political system.
hutchins commission
commission established in the 1940's to review press conduct. the commission argued that the press should provide intelligence that would enable the public to understand the issues of the day.
social responsibility theory
as applied to freedom of the press a philosophy that states that with freedom comes a responsibility to the social good.
hoax
an act or story intended to deceive.
journalism of exposure
process of uncovering information about practices that usually are illegal or unethical
muckraking
using the journalism of exposure. the term was given to the press by Teddy Roosevelt who claimed the press "raked the muck."
stringers
reporters, often at a location remote from the newspaper, who sell occasional pieces at "space rates" or by the column inch.
documentaries
film or video investigations. based on the term documents--these accounts document the details of a historical or current event. often used as a term that implies investigative reporting.
sound bites
a short quotation used on radio or television to express an idea
newsmagazines
fifteen-to twenty minute news segments put together to form hourlong electronic magazines such as 60 minutes or dateline. these programs combine soft features with hard-hitting investigative reporting.
objectivity
looking at a story as though through a perfect lens uncolored by a reporter's thoughts about a subject; trying to view a story from a neutral perspective. some critics believe pure objectivity is impossible and that fairness and balance are more important.
narrative tradition
journalism as a story. many writers employ fictional techniques in writing nonfiction material.
new journalism
used at different times in the history journalism. in the 1890's it defined sensationalism. in the 1960's it defined experimentation in reporting and writing styles.
knowledge gap
a division of people within a society by their amount of knowledge. With an increasing delivery of news by means of computers, some individuals will not have access to the information.
agenda-setting research
media research that seeks to understand the relationship between readers' determination of important issues and politicians' and press's treatment of them. the research focuses not on how media cover an issue but on how they set an agenda throuhg the choice of issues they cover.
news values
newspaper editors and owners try to devlop standards of value for determining which events and issues are newsowrthy--that is, deserving of being given space in the paper.
computer assisted reporting
the use of computre techonology to gather and analyze information for news articles includes the use of the internet, speaprdsheets, and databases.
public journalism
by creating a public conversation through journalism, modern news media hope to inspire consumers of news to become more involved in their own communities.