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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
In the early years of the republic, newspapers were finacned by
subsidies from political parties and politicians
the press and the news media are often referred to as
the fourth branch of the government
when inidividuals screen out those messages that don't confirm their biases, they are practicing selective:
perception
the largest amoutn of politcal coverage in newspapers during presidential campaigns is devoted to
day-to-day campaign activities
news coverage by AP has to be nonpartisan because
it serves papers of various political cues/hues?
The new era of electronic journalism is best characterized by
a diminishing importance of the three big networks and a rise in popularity of cable entertainment-type programs
All of the following are true with respect to national newspapers except
their writers tend to have distinctly conservative views
in recent years, the relationship between the media and government officials has become
more adversarial
a war between the US and spain was formed by
william randolph hearst
the term "yellow journalism" was coined to describe media sensationalism in what era?
the turn of the century
nation, atlantic monthly & harpers were
the first magazines to present public policy issues founded in mid-1800s
to a remarkable degree, media ownership in America is
local
two local newspapers with national readerships are
the NY Times and Washington Post
The media typically report presidential elections as horse races because of the medias role as
scorekeeper
the national media often play the role of watchdog, meaning they can
expose scandals and investigate personalities
The federal government sued the NY times to prevent it from publishing the
Pentagon Papers
How frequently do tv broadcasting licenses come up for renewal
every 5 yrs
for a newspaper to be found guilty of libel, the accused party must
provide clear and convicing evidence that what was printed was malicious
the TV weekly 60 minutes runs a segment on the role of local politicians in the drug trade. soon this issue becomes subject of national debate. in this role, 60 minutes is acting as an
issue framer
Gatekeeper
influences what subjects become national political issues and for how long
Scorekeeper
keep track of and help make political reputations
Watchdog
watch the person to watch. close scrutiny.
routine stories
media stories about events that are regularly covered by reporters
feature stories
media stories about events that, tho public, are not regularly covered by reporters
insider stories
media stories about events that are not usually made public
on the record
reporter can quote the official name
off the record
what official says cant be used
on background
what official says can be used, but may not be attributed to himshe by name
(a highranking offical)
on deep background
what official says can be used but not attributed to anybody, even anon. source