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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
lmphocytes are made _______
red bone marrow
after interstial fluid passes into lymphatic vessels it is called _______
lymph
lymphatic tissue is a specialized form of ___________.that contains large nos. of lympoctyes _______cell and _______cells
reticular connective,B T
3 functions of lymohatic and immune system1______,2________3__________
draining interstial fluid 2 transporting lipids and vitamens 3.carry out immune responses
lmphatic tissue destroys intrudres by 2 ways 1 T-cells destoy intruders by causing them to rupture or by releasing __________ substances 2. B cells differenciate to plasma cells that produce___________?
cytotoxic,,antibodies
LYMPHATIC VESSELS OF THE SKIN USUALLY FOLLOW _______ AND OF THE VISCERA FOLLOW _________
VEINS,ARTERIES
ENCAPSULATED MASSES OF B ANT CELLS
LYMPH NODES
ATTACHED TO THE LYMPHATIC capillaries ___________,which contain elastic fiber.and anchor the lymphatic endothelium to surrounding cell
anchoring filaments
In the small intestine specialized lymphatic capillaries called _________carry dietary lipids to lymphatic vessels
lacteals
creamy white small intestine lynph
chyle
Exiting vessels unite to form_______. The princepal __________are the lumbar, intestinal, bronchomediastinal, subclavian, jugular trunks.
lymph trunks
the _______(left lymphatic)duct is about 15-18 in long and begins as a dialation called___________ anterior to the second lumbar.
thoracic ,cisterna chyli
the thoracic duct drains lymph into the_______________
left subclavian vein
the right lymphatic duct is about 1/2 in long and drains lymph from the right-upper side into the veins via the _________
right subclavian vein
________can move readily thru the more permeable lymphatic capillaries into Lymph
Proteins
lymph drains to veins thru lymphatic duct to enter veins at the junction of ______ and ___________.
internal jugular , subclavian ,veins
Veins and lymph work off the same two pumps ___________and _____________.
skeletal, respiratory Pumps
_________ lymphatic organs are the sites where stem cells divide and become ___________,that is capable of mounting an immune response
primary, immunocompetent
the primary lymphatic organs are the _____________and the _____________
red bone marrow , thymus
the secondary lymphatic organs and tissues are the sites where most of the immune responses occur. these include_____,_____,and__________
lymph nodes ,the spleen, and lyphatic nodules (follicles)
In the thymus specialized epithelial cells in the cortex . these cells educate the _________ in a process known as positive selection.the ones that don't die then enter the _________
pre-t-cells, medulla
some epithelial cells in the medulla become arranged in concentric layers of flat cells and become full of keritin granules . These clusters are called______
thymic corpuscles (Hassall's)
located along lymphatic vessels are about _________ lymph nodes . the capsular extention of the lymph node that extends into the lymph node is called___________
600, trabeculae
lymph node : within the outer cortex are egg shapedded agregates of ______cells called lymphatic ________(follicles)
B, nodules
a lymphatic nodule of cheifly B-cells is called___________..most lyphatic nodules in the outer cortex are__________,which form in response to antigenic challenge and are the sites of ___________and __________
primary, secondary lymphatic nodules, plasma cells and memory B cells
B cells that do not develope properly undergo _________and are destroyed by macrophages
apoptosis
The __________cortex does not containlymphatic nodules and is called ____________
inner<paracortex
the medulla of the lymph node contains ___________,_________,and___________
b-cells antibody producing plasma cells ,macrophages
lymph node floow::afferent lymphatic vessels_then snuses- then subscapular sinuses then trabecular sinuses and then into the _______.
medullary sinus
efferent lymph vessels emerge from one side of the node at a slight depression called the___________.
hilus
marophages desroy foreign substances by ____________and lymphocytes destoy others by ______________
phagocytosis, immune responses
_________is the spread of disease from one part of the body to another ,can occur via lymphatic vessels
metastasis
the ________is the largest single mass of lymphatic tissue in the body
spleen
Within the white pulp b-cells and t-cells carry out ___________.the red pulp the spleen performs three functions1.__________2.________3._________
immune functions,1.removal of worn out blood cells 2.storage of platelets 3. production of blood cells during fetal life.
lymphatic nodules are egg shaped masses of lymphatic tissue that are _____ surrounded by a capsule.they are scattered throughout the lamina propria of the mucous membranes lining the gastrointestinal,urinary and reproductive tracts respitory airways.They are also known as________
not,mucosa-associated lymphatic tissue
hodgkin lymphoma is a viral induced tumor of _____
T-cells