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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Groups of cells that are similar to each other in structure and function
Tissues
The study of tissues
Histology
This type of tissue forms large, continuous sheets
Epithelial tissue
This type of tissue is concerned primarily with protection, absorption, filtration, and secretion
Epithelial tissue
List the four characteristics of epithelial tissue
1. Forms continuous sheets
2. One surface always unattached, other attached to basement membrane
3. Has no blood supply of its own
4. Able to regenerate, or repair itself quickly
This type of epithelia is located in blood vessel walls, alveoli, and kidneys. It permits exchange of nutrients, waste; diffusion of O2 and CO2; and filtration of water and electrolytes
Simple squamous epithelium
This type of epithelia lines kidney tubules and glands like the thyroid, pancreas and salivary. Function is absorption of water and electrolytes; secretion of enzymes and hormones
Simple cuboidal epithelium
This type of epithelia lines the digestive tract and functions are protection, absorption, secretion of digestive juice
Simple columnar epithelium
This epithelia lines the respiratory tract and reproductive tubes (fallopian tubes). Functions to clean respiratory tract and sweeps egg toward uterus
Pseudostratified columnar epithelium
This epithelia forms the outer layer of skin and lines the mouth, esophagus, anus, and vagina. Functions to protect body from microbes and withstands friction
Stratified squamous epithelium
This epithelia lines the urinary bladder and permits it to expand as it fills with urine
Transitional epithelium
This type of gland has ducts, or tiny tubes, into which the secretions are released onto the body surface or into a body cavity
Exocrine glands
This type of gland secretes hormones directly inot the blood stream. Does NOT have ducts
Endocrine glands
This type of tissue is the most abundant of the four types and is widely distributed throughout the body
Connective tissue
All connective tissues share what two characteristics?
1. All but ligaments and tendons have good blood supply
2. Most have alot of intercellular matrix
Material located outside a connective tissue cell is called __________
Intercellular matrix
What types of protein fibers are also found in the intercellar matrix of most connective tissue?
Collagen, elastin, and reticular fibers
This type of loose connective tissue is found beneath the skin, most epithelial layers, and between muscles. It functions to bind together, protects, cushions: "tissue glue"
Areolar Connective tissue
This type of loose connective tissue is found in the subcutaneous layer, around kidneys and heart, and behind the eyeballs. It functions to cushion, insulat, and store fat
Adipose Connective tissue
This type of loose connective tissue forms the internal framework of lymphoid organs like lymph nodes, spleen and bone marrow
Reticular Connective tissue
This type of connective tissue binds structures together by formin tendons, ligaments, organ capsules, fascia and the dermis of the skin
Dense Fibrous connective tissue
This type of cartilage supports, protects, and provides framework. It is found at the ends of long bones, connects ribs to sternum, nose, fetal skeleton, and makes up the rings in trachea
Hyaline cartilage
This type of cartilage is found between the vertebrae, forms the pads in knee joint and between pubic bones.
Fibrocartilage
This type of cartilage forms the external ear and part of the larynx
Elastic cartilage
This type of connective tissue is very hard and contains calcium. It protects, provides a framework for our body.
Bones
This type of connective tissue transports nutrients, hormones, O2, CO2, and wastes and is found in the blood vessels of the body
Blood
This connective tissue drains interstitial fluid and is involved in the immune response. Found in vessels other than blood vessels in body
Lymph
This type of dense fibrous connective tissue forms cordlike structures that attach muscles to bones
Tendons
This type of dense fibrous connective tissue connects bones to bones
Ligaments
The tough dense fibrous connective tissue that surrounds certain organs such as the liver and kidney is called this?
Capsule
The type of dense fibrous connective tissue that covers muscles, blood vessels, and nerves is called _________
Fascia
The cells that form cartilage
Chondrocytes
The layer of connective tissue surrounding cartilage
Perichondrium
Bone tissue is also called this
Osseous tissue
Cells that make bone are called this
Osteocytes
Condition in which mineral is lost from bone causing them to be weak and prone to fracture
Osteoporosis
The fluid part of blood
Plasma
This type of tissue makes up the brain, spinal cord and nerves
Nervous tissue
These nerve cells transmit electrical signals to and from the brain and spinal cord
Neurons
This part of the neuron receives information and takes it to the cell body
Dendrites
The part of the neuron contains the nucleus
Cell body
This part of the neuron transmits information away from the cell body
Axon
This type of neural cell helps support and take care of the neurons. Called "nerve glue"
Neuroglia
This tissue is made up of cells that shorten or contract
Muscle tissue
Name the three types of muscle?
1. Skeletal
2. Smooth
3. Cardiac
This muscle type is striated, voluntary, and attaches to the bones to move them
Skeletal muscle
This muscle type is unstriated, involuntary, and found in the walls of viscera, or organs, bronchioles, and blood vessels
Smooth muscle
This muscle type is found only in the heart, is involuntary and striated
Cardiac muscle
Thin sheets of tissue that cover surfaces, line body cavities, and surround organs
Membranes
Membranes are of two types. They are _______ and ______
Epithelial membranes
Connective tissue membranes
Epithelial membranes include these three membrane types
1. Cutaneous membrane
2. Mucous membrane
3. Serous membrane
This epithelial membrane forms the skin
Cutaneous membrane
This epithelial membrane lines all body cavities that open to the exterior of the body
Mucous membrane
This epithelial membrane lines the ventral body cavities which are not open to the exterior of the body
Serous membrane
The thin, watery fluid secreted by serous membranes that lubricates the organs
Serous fluid
The part of a serous membrane that lines the walls of the cavity
Parietal layer
The part of a serous membrane that covers the outside of an organ
Visceral layer
The three serous membranes of the body
1. Pleura
2. Pericardium
3. Peritoneum
The serous membrane lining the throacic cavity and covering the lungs
Pleura
The serous membrane found in the thoracic cavity that surrounds the heart
Pericardium
The space between the pleural layers
Pleural cavity
The space between the pericardial layers
Pericardial cavity
The serous membrane found in the abdominal cavity that lines the walls and covers the organs
Peritoneum
The space between the peritoneal layers
Peritoneal cavity
The part of the end of a word that means tumor or neoplasm
-oma (Example: lipoma, neuroma, carcinoma, sarcoma)