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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Aragon's form of representative assembly (local government)
Separate "corts" of representative bodes for: clergy, merchants, and nobility. Mostly have legislative power.
Castile's form of representative assembly (local government)
"Cortes." One for each of the 18 towns. Strong traditional rights.
Isabelle of Castille marries Ferdinand of Aragon (date)
End of last Islamic rule in Spain (date and place)
Granada in 1492
The attempt of the Catholics to take back rule over the, then, Muslim ruled Spain
The Inquisition was a fight against these people . . .
"New Christians" (conversos, marranos)
Period of time when Muslims, Christians, and Jews lived (somewhat) peacefully together. About 10th century to the 14th century.
Concept/motto of the Spanish Inquisition
limpieza de sangre - "purity of blood"
Expulsion or conversion of Jews from Spain (date)
The Catholic Kings
Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabelle of Castille
Successor of Isabelle of Castille (date and name)
Juana "la loca", her daughter, in 1504
The husband of Juana "la loca"
Philip the Fair
Successor of Juana "la loca" and Philip the Fair
Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire
Charles I of Spain
Problems for Ferdinand after Isabella's death (list of 5)
1. Ferdinand's power is weakened
2. Economic and social changes caused by the expansion of the 15th century
3. Rise of urban centers and of new urban classes
4. Position and aspirations of the aristocracy
5. Divergent interests f different regions
Charles V grew up here
Cortes meet illegally and demand these (list of 5)
1. King lives in Spain
2. Taxes go down
3. Cortes be called regularly
4. No monies to Flanders
5. Office held by Castillians
Charles V becomes Emperor of Holy Roman Empire
Civil War in Spain - "comuneros" vs. Charles V
1519-1522 in favor of the Royalists
Charles V ruled over these territories
Inherited (Netherlands, Aragon, Castile, Austria and Holy Roman Empire) and Gained (Milan/Naples)
Charles V choice of operation for ruling his empire
1. of State
2. of War**
3. of Finance**
4. Regional Councils
Each province of The Netherlands has its own representative body.

True or False
The Netherlands helped the Spanish empire financially.

True or False
False. They were more of a drain on the crown.
Naples form of government
Three chambers representing:
Titled nobility
Untitled nobility
Towns (=Naples)
Charles V's solution to the Reformation
"cuius reio, eius religio" - With the region is the religion.

People had to convert to religion of ruler of the region or were allowed to move to the region (religion) of their choice.
Edict of Worms in 1521
Bans Luther's writings, but is generally unsuccessful.
The "New World" is part of Spain.

True or False.
False. The "New World:" is part of Castille and is thus treated for a long time as just another territory of the empire.
The Spanish thought of the people of the New World as humans, but not as equals.

True or False.
True. They thought of them as child-like and thus not equal to their civilized nations.
The Spanish criteria for "civility"
-Shame associated with dress
-Urban culture
-Liberty and Freedom
The "right" to labour, NOT the right to land.
Government of the New World
Two "republicas" (organized political units): de Espaňolas and de los Indios
The link between availability of currency and prices:

(Currency in Circulation) times (amount of exchange) = (Price level) times (Amount of goods)
Hamlin's Argument about silver from the New World
Silver from the Americas was onverted into currency which caused the price levels to rise.
Other theory about Silver and Spain
Velocity of circulation increased due to more people moving from rural areas to cities. Hamlin's argument makes no sense since inflation was not radically high and was not in conjunction with timeline of the Americas.
The "Royal Fifth"
The crown has a right to 20% of all things mined underneath the found (including silver)
In the 16th century, Spain spent little money on war.
False. Spain spent nearly twice as much on military as other countries in Europe. Used the Americas as collateral for loans.
Charles V was succeeded by:
Philip II
King Philip II married this woman
Mary Tudor (Catholic) and becomes king consort of England
Philip II ruling method
"ruling through paper"

He was a bureaucrat and a workaholic. Built an advanced administration.
Philip II and his Secretaries
Secretaries had more power because Phillip was more administrative and needed more people to sign off on things. Made them "valido" - a rep. of the crown.
The "defacto" capital of Spain (date and place)
Madrid in 1561
Annexation of Portugal
1580, first time since Roman rule that there is one ruler over the Iberian Peninsula. Philip II accepts their administrations and practices - just another territory.