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148 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
oberlin college/university
1st co-ed college
3 prominent reform movements
education
women's rights
slavery
"The American Scholar"
1837
Mexican War
(treaty of Guadelupe Hidalge)
1846-48
California Gold Rush
1848
Seneca Falls Convention
(NY)
1848
The Scarlett Letter
by Hawthorne
1850
Moby Dick
by Melville
1851
Uncle Tom's Cabin
by Stowe
1852
Walden
by Thoreau
1854
South Carolina secedes from the Union
(Pres. Buchanan)
1860
The Civil War begins
1861
"Kaaterskill Falls"
(painting)
Thomas Cole
iamb
long-short
trochee
short-long
anapest
short-short-long
dactyl
long-short-short
spondee
long-long
monometer
one foot
dimeter
two feet
trimeter
three feet
tetrameter
four feet
pentameter
five feet
hexameter
six feet
heptameter
seven feet
octameter
eight feet
sonnet
fourteen lines of iambic pemtameter
italian sonnet
(Petrarchan)
a
b
b
a
a
b
b
a
c
d
c
d
c
d
octave
eight
sestet
six
English sonnet
(Shakespearean)
a
b
a
b
c
d
c
d
e
f
e
f
g
g
quatrain
four
bloomer
women's dress of the mid-19th century
The Liberator
Garrison
abolitionist paper
another name for this time period
(the flowering of NE)
American Renaissance
Transcendentalism
-view that the basic truths of the universe lie beyond the knowledge we obtain from our senses, intuition
-nature/individual
-radical abolitionists
Brahmins
-Longfellow
-Lowell
-Holmes
-Thoreau
-Emerson
Dissenters
-disagree with transcendentalism
-Hawthorne, Melville
Essais
by Montaigne
Montaigne
father of the essay
Emerson
-oversoul, God
-"to be great is to be misunderstood"
-"build a better mouse trap, and the world will build a beaten path to your door"
"Friendship"
by Emerson
"Experience"
by Emerson
"Fate"
by Emerson
"The Journals"
by Emerson
"The Rhordord"
by Emerson
about flowers
"Brahma"
by Emerson
"Concord Hymn"
by Emerson
Lexington and Concord memorial monument dedication
analogy
a comparison between things that are somewhat similar
"The Snow Storm"
by Emerson
paradox
statement that is self-contradictory yet true
apostrophe
a figure of speech that directly addresses an absent person, an abstract quality, or something intangible
Typee
by Melville
1st novel
dont need to civilize "savages"
we need to learn from them
Moby Dick
-by Melville
-faithful voyage of Pequod (ship)
-Ahab persues Moby Dick who ate his leg
-Ishmael-narrator
-Ahab-monomaniac-to get great white whale, obsessive
-left on Christmas
-spanish gold goes to who finds Moby Dick
-Starbuck-came to kill whales, not captain's revenge
Ahab knows he has a problem, can only die by hemp, hanged by harpoon rope
-boat sinks
"Shiloh: A Requiem"
by Melville
Civil War poem
"The Maldive Shark"
by Melville
pilot fish help evil
shark needs them
Melville
-"fated to be a great voyager"
-Moby Dick- great literary achievment
-1819-1891
-gpa in Boston Tea Party
-went to Albany Academy
-on the Acushment, deserted ship, spent 1 month with cannibals
-in Honolulu, was a pin boy and auctioneer clerk
-dedicated Moby Dick to Hawthorne
-custom inspector in NY
-one son killed himself, one son got sick
-died in sleep
"a whale ship was my Yale and Harvard"
Ishmael in Moby Dick
Omoo
by Melville
sequel to Typee
Marty
by Melville
romantic novel
failure
Red Burn
by Melville
White Jacket
by Melville
persuasive argument
dramatized naval horrors
had more influence than anything
Arrowhead
Melville's farm near Pittsfield
Pierre
by Melville
worst financial and critical failure
Piazza Tales
by Melville
"Benito Serino"
"Bartleby the Scrivener"
Battle Pieces
by Melville
civil war poetry
Billy Bud Sailor
by Melville
last book
moved ships during Napoleonic War
Billy Bud- innocent, good, kills officer, is hanged, Christ-like figure
cetology
study of whales
ambergris
whale indigestion
became costliest perfumes
Hawthorne
-born in Salem, Mass
-embarrassed of his relatives(one- SWT judge another-ordered public whipping of Quaker woman)
-went to Bowdoin College with Longfellow and Pierce
-wife- Sophia Peabody
-worked at Boston & Salem Custom Houses
-American consul in Liverpool, Eng
-lived at Brook Farm
portraits of Abraham Lincoln and photos of Civil War
Matthew Brady
Fanshawe
by Hawthorne
1st novel
Masses from an Old Manse
by Hawthorne
"Young Goodman Brown"
"Rapaccini's Daughter"
The House of Seven Gables
by Hawthorne
Tanglewood Tales
by Hawthorne
a book for children
Twice-Told Tales
by Hawthorne
The Scarlett Letter
by Hawthorne
The Blithedale Romance
by Hawthorne
The Marble Faun
by Hawthorne
"Dr. Heidegger's Experiment"
by Hawthorne
"fountain of youth"
The Minister's Black Veil
by Hawthorne
secret sin
The Notebook and Other Writings
by Hawthorne
talks about famous people of the time
Longfellow
-only American with a bust in Poet's Corner of Westminster Abbey
-attended Bowdoin College with Hawthorne and Pierce
-taught Modern Languages at Harvard and Bowdoin
-foremost of the Fireside Poets
-severely burned while trying to save wife from fire
-most popular poet of his time
Outre-Mer: A Pilgrimage Beyond the Sea
by Longfellow
1st book
The Children's Hour
by Longfellow
Voices of the Night
by Longfellow
The Village Blacksmith
by Longfellow
Hyperion
by Longfellow
a translation of Dante's Divine Comedy
by Longfellow
"Paul Revere's Ride"
by Longfellow
"The Courtship of Miles Standish"
by Longfellow
"The Song of Hiawatha"
by Longfellow
"The Psalm of Life"
by Longfellow
live your life
"Nature"
by Longfellow
Italian Sonnet
"The Arrow and the Song"
by Longfellow
"Evangeline"
by Longfellow
long narrative verse
lost and found each other
Acadians
"The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls"
by Longfellow
life goes on
Lowell
-1st editor of Atlantic Monthly
-went to Harvard Law
-American ambassador to Spain and England
-succeeded Longfellow as chairman of Modern Languages at Harvard
simile
makes an explicit comparison between things that are basically different, but can be thought of as alike in some respect (like or as)
Biglow Papers
by Lowell
protest against Mexican War
A Fable for Critics
by Lowell
makes fun of leading writers of the day
"Commemoration Ode"
by Lowell
wrote about Lincoln
The Vision of Sir Launfel
by Lowell
metaphor
comparison is implied rather than stated
The Courtin'
by Lowell
written in dialect and about couple's first date
Emerson
-gave speech on American Independence
-father was a preacher
-1803-1882
-father died at 8
-Harvard at 14 (family tradition)
-unitarian preacher but had doubts, Boston 2nd Unitatian Church
-Ellen Tucker- wife- died of TB
-married Lydia Jackson of Concord, 4 children
-friends with Alcotts
-lived at Orchard House
-hated Fugitive Slave Act
-met with Saturday Club
"Nature"
by Emerson
God was not dead but speaking
life is not to be learned but lived
"American Scholar"
by Emerson
first lecture on American Independence
The Dial
by Emerson
worked with Fuller (editor) and Thoreau on this
"Self-Reliance"
by Emerson
essay
"to believe your own thought, to believe that what is true for you in you private heart is true for all men- that is genius"
Thoreau
-lived in Cabin on Walden Lake
-ultimate unconformist
-1817-1862
-father worked at pencil factory
-went to Harvard
-he and brother opened Concord Academy (closed after bro's death)
-lived with Emersons
-lived in woods for 2 years 2 months
-refused to pay poll taxes, spent a night in jail
-activist
-Brown was a hero
-Emerson spoke at his funeral, "he had a beautiful soul"
-funny pig story
A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers
by Thoreau
about his river trip with bro
Walden
by Thoreau
2000 copies
about life in the woods
1854
"the mass of men lead lives of quiet desperation"
requiem
musical composition or poem lamenting the dead
"Civil Disobedience"
by Thoreau
g'ment is best which governs least
scansion
the rhythms of a live of poetry is usually described in terms of its meter and its length
idyll
a literary work describing a simple, pleasant pastoral scene
imagery
writing through images, words, or phrases that evoke the sensations of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste
stanza
a unit of poetry longer than a line
Dickinson
-Belle of Amherst
-her father- treasurer of Amherst college, a US Congressman
-went to Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, was unable to accept Christ while there
-didnt meet any writers in this section
-advised not to publish her poetry
-only 7 poems were published during her life
-profoundly affected by family deaths
-poems are compact and on ordinary subjects
-Mabel Loomis Todd deciphered Dickinson's handwriting and prepared poems for publication
"This is My Letter to the World"
by Dickinson
"I Never Saw a Moor"
by Dickinson
"Exultation is the Going"
by Dickinson
"I Taste the Liquor Never Brewed"
by Dickinson
"Some Keep the Sabbath Going to Church"
by Dickinson
"'Faith' Is a Fine Invention"
by Dickinson
"'Hope' Is the Thing with Feathers"
by Dickinson
"Success Is Counted Sweetest"
by Dickinson
"The Soul Selects Her Own Society"
by Dickinson
"I Took My Power in My Hand"
by Dickinson
"Much Madness Is Divinest Scene"
by Dickinson
"It Sifts from Leaden Sieves"
by Dickinson
"Apparently with No Surprise"
by Dickinson
"A Narrow Fellow in the Grass"
by Dickinson
about a snake
"There Came a Wind Like a Bugle
by Dickinson
"There's a Certain Slant of Light"
by Dickinson
"My Life Closed Twice Before Its Close"
by Dickinson
paradox
"The Bustle in the House"
by Dickinson
about a funeral
"Because I Could Not Stop for Death"
by Dickinson
"Parting is all we know of heaven,
And all we need of hell"
Holmes
-dean of Harvard Medical School
-his son, Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr, was a US Supreme Court Justice
-helped organize the Saturday Club
The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table
by Holmes
"The Wonderful One-Hoss Shay"
by Holmes
"Old Ironsides"
by Holmes
"The Chambered Nautilus"
by Holmes
Whittier
-was a Quaker
-a notable abolitionist speaker
"The Barefoot Boy"
Whittier
"Barbara Frietchie"
Whittier
Snowbound
Whittier