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24 Cards in this Set

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A process done by putting a column # next to a question. Ex. Randomly selecting U.S. states in alphabetical order (1) Alaska and (51) Wyoming, due to the fact that Washington D.C. is considered a state.
Pre Coding
We can make this tool readable by:
(1) Constructing a coding sheet-a spreadsheet
(2) Direct Entry-- It keeps errors low reduces. (i.e. varification of programs--reading data entry)
(3) Edge Coding--Handwriting it
-Not a very good time to do it
-a lot of mistakes
(4) Optical Scan Sheets
-Machine
-Multiple Choice Questions
-Quick and easy
(5) Computer aided telephone interviewing.
-Like callIng AOL moviefone
-All computr easy-great way to use it
-but there are still alot of mistakes
Cleaning Data
This is done by in four ways:
1) Varifying Programs-Re-entering 20%
2) Re-Checking 20% of your work
3) By clensing the code--
Ex. if you know the variables of sex
i. Male--250
ii. Female--250
ix. Missing---0

Run frequency: count how many you have ineach category
If there are 4 3's, then there is a mistake

4) Contengency Cleaning
Data Machine
A type of illigitmate method of evaluation research, where only reporting the stong "good" results, by doing the you fail to mention drawbacks to the program.
Eye Wash
A type of illigitmate method of evaluation research, where one covers up the negative findigs.
-Data Burial-Stoping the part of the study that only introduces negative results.
Whitewash
A type of illigitmate method of evaluation research, -(A very common one) writing up a report that has no results, incorrectly done. As a result methodology is used within it to make it sound good. This could also be done with poor inaccurate data.
Posturing
A type of illigitmate method of evaluation research, where a person waits until the cycle is over so the program could be funded again, until you release results.
Postponement
Strengths of this include:
-In depth understanding
-flexability of research ndesign
-Cheaper
-Pen & Paper=Ground Breaking Work
-High Validity
-Role Disengagement

Weaknesses include:
-Time Consuming
-Non-Probability Sample Can't generalize
-Issues with reliability
Suggested, rather than conclusive findings
Field Research
A type of field research in which the people being studied are given control over the purpose and procedures of the research; intended as a counter to the implicit view that researchers are superior to those they study
Participatory Action Research
A type of field research where:

(1) An inductive approach to the study of social life that attempts to generate a theory from the constant comparing of unfolding observations. This is very different from hypothesis testing, in which theory is used to generate hypotheses to be tested through observations. (2) A theory that is not allowed to fly.
Grounded Theory
A type of field research where:

A report on social life that focuses on detailed and accurate description rather than explanation.
ethnography
A type of field research where:

The in-depth examination of a single instance of some social phenomenon, such as a village, a family, or a juvenile gang.
case study
A type of field research that is:
Contrasted with survey interviewing, the qualitative interview is based on a set of topics to be discussed in depth rather than the use of standardized questions.
In-Depth Interviews
A control group that is similar to the experimental group but is not created by the random assignment of subjects. This sort of control group does differ significantly from the experimental group in terms of the dependent variable or variables related to it.
nonequivalent control group
A research design that involves measurements made over some period, such as the study of traffic accident rates before and after lowering the speed limit.
time-series design
Nonrigorous inquiries somewhat resembling controlled experiments but lacking key elements such as pre- and posttesting and/or control groups.
quasi experiments
The use of more than one set of data that were collected over time, as in accident rates over time in several states or cities, so that comparison can be made.
multiple time-series designs
Research undertaken for the purpose of determining the impact of some social intervention, such as a program aimed at solving a social problem.
evaluation research
An approach to the study of social life that focuses on the discovery of implicit, usually unspoken assumptions and agreements; this method often involves the intentional breaking of agreements as a way of revealing their existence.
ethnomethodology
A research technique in which the personal experiences of individuals are used to reveal power relationships and other characteristics of the institutions within which they operate.
Institutional ethnography
The ethical issues and questions ___________ must face include:

To talk to people when they don't know you will be recording their words?

To get information for your own purposes from people you hate?

To see a severe need for help and not respond to it directly?

To be in a situation but not commit yourself wholeheartedly to it?

To be strategic in your relations with others?

To take sides or avoid taking sides in a factionalized situation?

To "pay" people with tradeoffs for access to their lives and minds?

To "use" people as allies or informants in order to gain entrée to other people or to elusive understandings?
Field Researchers
A type of coding used in field research where:

The initial classification and labeling of concepts in qualitative data analysis. In the codes are suggested by the researchers' examination and questioning of the data.
open coding
A type of coding used in field research where:

A person writes memos that become part of the data for analysis in qualitative research such as grounded theory. Memos can describe and define concepts, deal with methodological issues, or offer initial theoretical formulations.
memoing
A type of coding used in field research where:

(1) The graphical display of concepts and their interrelations, useful in the formulation of theory. (2) A masculine technique for finding locations by logic and will, without asking for directions.
concept mapping
These parts go in the methods section!
Purpose of your research

Independent and Dependent
Variables

Sampling Size and Method

Population

Units of Analysis

Limitations and Ethical Issues