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106 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
ambiopia
Double vision caused by each eye focusing seperatly.
ambliopia
dullness or dimness of vision
isocorea
Any quality in the diameter of the pupils of the eyes.
afocia
absensence of the lens of the eye.
aqueous
watery
blefarotosis
drooping of the upper eye lid.
blefarospasm
A twitching of the eyelid muscles can be due to eye strain or nervous irritability.
conjunctivitis
inflammation of the conjuntiva of the eye may be caused by a bacterial infection, a viral infection, allergy or a response to the environment.
corneal
Pertaining to the cornea of the eye.
cycloplegia
Paralysis of the cilliary body of the eye.
dacrioadenitis
Inflammation of the lacramol or tear gland.
dacriorrhea
Excessive flow of tears.
diplopia
double vision caused by each eye focusing seperately.
ectropion
evertion or turning outward of the edge of the eyelid.
ematropia
a state of normal vision.
entropion
turning inward of the edge of the eyelid.
episcleritis
Inflammation of the outer most layer of the Sclera.
esotropia
A inward turning of one eye in relation to the other eye also called cross eyes.
exotropia
The outward turning of one eye in relation to the other also called wall eye.
extraoccular
Pertaining to the outside of the eye.
floaters
one or more spots that appear to drift or float across the visual field.
hemianopia
blindness in one half of the visual field.
Hemianopsia
Blindness in one half of the visual field.
iriditis
Inflammation of the iris.
iridocyclitis
Inflammation of the iris and cilliary body of the eye.
iritis
Inflammation of the iris.
caratoconjuntivitis
Inflammation of the cornea and conjuntiva of the eye.
carataconous
A cone shaped petrusion of the center of the cornea not accompanied by inlammation.
caratamycosis
A fungal growth on the cornea of the eye.
lacromal
Pertaining to tears.
lacramation
The secretion of tears from the lacramal glands.
miosis
Abnormal constriction of the pupil of the eye.
miotic
An agent that causes the pupil to constrict.
nyderiasis
Abnormal dilation of the pupil of the eye.
mydriatic
An agent that causes the pupil to dilate.
nasolacramal
Pertaining to the nose and laramal ducts.
nystagmus
Envoluntary jerking movements of the eye.
ophthalmopathy
Any disease of the eye.
optic
Pertaining to the eyes or to sight.
optician
A health professional not an MD who specializes in filling perscriptions for corrective lenses.
optometrist
A health professional not a MD who specializes in measuring visual acuity and prescribing corrective lenses.
papiladema
Swelling of the optic disk.
facomalacia
Softening of the lens of the eye.
photophobia
Excessive sensitivity to light.
presbiopia
Loss of accomadation due to the normal aging process.
pupilary
Pertaining to the pupil of the eye.
retinopathy
Any disease of the retina.
sclerectomy
Surgical removal of a portion of the sclera of the eye.
scottoma
An area of depressed vision or blindness within the usual field surrounded by an area of normal vision.
uveitis
Inflammation of the uveal tract of the eye which includes the iris, cilliary body and the coroid.
vitreous
pertaining to the vitreous body of the eye.
astigmatism
A refractive error causing the light rays entering the eye to be focused irregularly on the retina due to an abnormally shaped cornea.
blefaritis
Inflammation of the upper eyelid.
blefarotosis
drooping of the upper eyelid.
monocromatism
color blindness
daltinism
The person is unable to distinguish greens from reds.
acronatic vision
The absence of color vision. The person sees only black, white and gray.
cataract
The lens of the eye becomes progressively coudy loosing its normal transparency and thus alterning the transforming of images.
senial cataracts
typically begin after the age of 50.
secondary cataracts
Result from trauma, radiation, injury, inflammation taking certain medications or metabolic disease. Congenital cataracts are classified as secondary.
chalazion
A cyst or nodual on the eyelid resulting from an obstruction of an myobomian gland which is responsible for lubricating the margin of the eyelid.
acute conjunctivitis
Inflammation of the mucus membrane lining the eyelids and covering the front part of the eyeball. This disorder is also known as pink eye.
infectious conjunctivitis
Typically begins in one eye, however if not promptly treated will spread to both eyes.
corneal abrasion
A distruction of the corneas surface epithelium commonly caused by an eyelash, a small foreign body, contact lenses or a scratch from a fingernail.
diabetic retinopathy
Occurs as a consequence of an 8 to 10 year duration with diabetes Millitus in which the capillaries of the retina experience scarring due to the abnormal dilation and constricting of vessels, hemarrahes, microaneyrysms, abnormal formation of u vessels causing leakage of blood into the vitreous humer.
ectropion
the turning out of the eyelash margins.
entropion
The turning inward of the eyelid margins.
exophthalmia
The abnormal outward pitrusian of the eye ball.
glaucoma
Occular disorders identified by an increase in occular pressure.
chronic open angle glaucoma
Primary disorder with a breakdown of the drainage system of the aqueous humer. The most common form of glaucoma.
tonometry
measure of intraoccular pressure
acute closed angle glaucoma
A rapid primary occurance of pressure in a short period of time. It is due to the mouth of the drainage system being narrowed and closed allowing no flow of aqueous humer.
secondary glaucoma
Occrus as a result of another condtion or disease.
hemianopia
Blindness in half of the visual field.
ordiolum or stigh
A bacterial infection of an eyelash folical or sabacious gland.
hyperopia
A refractive error in which the lens of the eye can not focus on objects that are close. (farsightedness)
myopia
A refractive error in which the lens of the eye can not focus on objects that are far away. (nearsightedness)
hyphemia
A bleed into the anterior chamber of the eye resulting as a post operative complication or from a blunt eye injury. An occular emergency.
caratitis
Inflammation of the cornea.
nictolopia
Night blindness.
ophthalmianeonati
inflammation of the cornea or conjunctiva of the newborn.
presbiopia
The loss of vision due to the normal aging process.
pteryigum
An irregular growth developeing as a fold in the conjuctiva of the nasal side of the cornea and can disrupt vision if it extends over the pupil.
retinal detachment
The partial or complete splitting away of the retina from the pigmented vascular layer called the coroid allowing the loss of vitreous humer.
retinal tear
An opening in the retina that allows leakage of vitreous humer.
scleritis
Inflammation of the sclera of the eye.
strabismus
failure of the eyes to gaze in the same direction due to weakness in the muscles controling the position of one eye.
synechia
An adhesion in the eye that develops as a complication of trauma or surgery.
trachoma
An infectious eye disease caused by clamitia.
uveitis
Inflammation of all or part of the middle vascular layer of the eye made up of the iris, cilliary body and the coroid.
electronystaggraphy
A goup of tests used in evaluating the vestibulo occular reflex.
electroretinogram
ERG
A recording of the change in the electrical potential of the retina after the stumulation of light.
extracapsular cataract ecstraction
ECCE
Surgical removal of the interior segment of the lens capsul along with the lens allowing for the insertion of an intraoccular lens implant.
fundoscopy
The examination of the fundus of the eye the vbase or the deepest part of the eye with an instrument called an ophthalmoscope.
gonioscopy
Involves using an ophthalmoscope that will establish the anterior chamber and display occular rotation and movement.
intraoccular lens implant
Lens implanted during the surgical process of cateract extraction which restores the visual acuity, provides depth perception, refraction and binocular vision.
iridectomy
The surgical removal of the iris of the eye.
laser iridectomy
used to create several opening in the iris which allows the flow of aqueous humer to the anterior chamber to the posterior chamber.
caratoplasty
Surgical repair of the cornea.
retinal tear
an opening in the retina that allows leakage of vitreous humer.
scleritis
Inflammation of the white part of the eye known as the sclera.
scotoma
Defined area in one or both eyes which has a decreased visual function.
strabismus
failure of the eyes to gaze in the same direction due to weakness in the muscles controling the position of one eye.
convergent strabismus
esoptropia
divergent strabismus
exotropia
extracapsulary cataract extraction
ecce