Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/219

Click to flip

219 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
democracy
a country where the people govern themselves
10
republic
a country where the people elect officials to govern for them
10
representative
a person who speaks and acts for others
10
federation
a tightly joined group of states giving certain powers, duties, and responsibilities that can be best carried out in the interest of all the states to a central government
10
confederation
a loosely joined group of states that gives only limited powers to a central government with each state keeping the most important powers for itself
10
constitution
a contract; a written agreement
10
supreme
highest
10
United States Constitution
the supreme law of the United States
10
lobby
a special interest group, such as doctors, labor unions, businessmen, farmers or teachers which tries to get laws passed in its interests or keep laws that are against its interests from being passed
10
petition
written statement supported by the signatures of citizens that are either for or against some action taken or about to be taken by our elected officials
10
minority
less than half
10
majority
more than half
10
unanimous
all; 100 percent
10
candidate
person seeking election to office
10
tyranny
unreasonably harsh rule
10
Articles of Confederation
the first plan of national government in the United States
10
ratify
agree to; adopt; accept
10
assembly
a gathering of persons
10
legislature
lawmaking body
10
Congress
our national legislature
10
executive
person who sees that laws are carried out; an administrator
10
judiciary
system of courts
10
taxes
money paid to the government and used for its operation
10
convention
meeting held for a special reason
10
revise
change and improve
10
delegates
representatives
10
compromise
an agreement reached by each opposing side giving in on some points
10
population
number of people in a given place
10
regulate
control
10
commerce
trace
10
exports
goods shipped out of a country
10
treaty
agreement between nations
10
political party
group that attempts to control government by winning elections and holding offices
10
Preamble
introduction to the Constitution
23
union
act of joining together
23
justice
fair treatment
23
domestic
pertaining to the home
23
tranquillity
peace
23
welfare
well-being; good condition
23
liberty
freedom
23
posterity
those who are born after us
23
term
period of time
23
register
place name on list of qualified voters
23
congressional district
section of a state that is represented by one member of the house
23
census
count of the people in any given place- city, county, state, nation, world
23
direct tax
a personal tax
23
apportion
divide
23
resign
quit; give up a job
23
vacancy
a public office not held by anyone
23
presiding officer
chairman; person who conducts a meeting
23
nominate
name as a canidate
23
caucus
meeting of leaders of a policical party held for some special purpose
23
sole
one; only
23
impeachment
act of accusing a public official of wrongdoing
23
impeachment trial
act of deciding innocence or guilt of impeachmed official
23
expire
end
23
appoint
name to take office
23
temporary
not permanent
23
session
time spent in meeting
23
qualification
requirement
23
originally
at first; in the beginning
23
quorum
number of members that must be present to carry on business
23
adjourn
close a meeting until some future date
23
penalty
punishment
23
proceedings
manner of performing duties
23
expel
remove
23
compensation
payment for goods or services
28
privilege
special right
28
restriction
a limitation; control
28
immunity
protection against
28
treason
making war against the United States or helping its enemies
28
felony
a serious crime
28
debate
argument
28
civil suit
court case involving a dispute between parties
28
slander
damaging statements made against a person
28
revenue
money received from taxation or any other source
28
bill
a proposed law
28
originate
begin; start
28
introduce
bring up; make known
28
veto
refuse to sign, along with act of returning with objections
28
objections
reasons for being against
28
override
pass over
28
sustain
uphold
28
pocket veto
President's act of allowing time limit to run out on a bill after Congress has adjourned
28
committee
group set up for some special purpose
28
recommend
speak in favor of; advise
28
lay
raise; collect
35
duty
tax on imports
35
impost
tax on imports
35
excise
tax on the manufacture, sale, or use of goods within a country
35
uniform
the same
35
commerce
trade; business
35
naturalization
act of becoming a citizen of a country
35
bankruptcy
act of turning over all one's holdings to those he owes to be legally free from debt, though his holdings are not equal in value to his debts
35
standard
definite scale
35
counterfeit
imitation; false
35
patent
a license granted by the government giving inventors and discoverers the only rights to their works for a limited period of time
35
copyright
a license granted from the government giving authors, artists, and musicians the only rights to their works for a limited period of time
35
tribunal
court
35
appropriation
amount set aside for a special purpose
35
militia
state armed force; National Guard
35
insurrection
rebellion
35
purchase
buy
35
authority
power
35
magazine
storage place for ammunition
35
arsenal
storage place for weapons
35
elastic clause
power given to Congress to make laws to see that its other powers are carried out
35
denied
not allowed; prohibited
35
migration
movement from one place to another
35
prohibit
forbid
35
writ of habeas corpus
legal paper stating the right of a jailed person to be released if proper charges cannot be brought against him
35
exceed
go beyond
35
suspend
take away; end
35
rebellion
war to overthrow the government
35
invasion
crossing of a country's borders by enemy troops
35
bill of attainder
a law that punishes a single individual and denies him the right to a trial
35
ex post facto law
law making a crime of an act dome before the time of making the law
35
proportion
relation; ratio
35
title of nobility
mark of rank raising a person above the law
35
emolument
payment for service
35
obligation
legal or moral duty
35
compact
agreement; contract
35
imminent
near; immediate
35
executive
person who sees that acts are carried out properly; an enforcer
44
Chief Executive
President of the United States
44
elector
person elected by the people of a state to cast a vote for President and Vice President
44
electoral college
all the electors in the United States
44
polls
voting places
44
primary election
election held before the general election to nominate canidates within a political party to run in the general election
44
nominate
name to run for office
44
convention
meeting
44
electoral vote
votes cast by state electors to elect the President and Vice-President
44
general election
any regular election to fill public offices
44
certify
make official; declare true
44
succession
following in the proper order
44
Cabinet
President's advisers, who head executive departments
44
swear
promise; take oath
44
oath
sacred promise
44
affirm
promise on one's honor
44
inauguration
ceremony connected with taking office
44
principal
chief; first
44
reprieve
order to delay or suspend the carrying out of a court sentence
44
pardon
order to release a person convicted of a crime
44
ambassador
official representative of one government to another
44
consul
official who watches over commercial interests of one country in another
44
inferior
lower in rank
44
"state of the union" message
address made by the President to Congress at the beginning of each session recommending needed laws to improve the condition of the nation
44
commission
give official recognition
44
bribery
payment for favors that cause the breaking of the trust of office
44
misdemeanors
crimes less serious than felonies; minor criminal acts
44
judicial
pertaining to courts
50
judicial branch
the United States system of courts
50
interpret
explain
50
jurisdiction
power to try a case
50
original jurisdiction
power to try a case first
50
appellate jurisdictoin
power to re-try a case already tried in a lower court
50
criminal case
court case concerned with law-breakers
50
civil case
court case concerning a disagreement between parties
50
party
one side of a dispute-a person, a group, a company, etc.
50
equity case
case concerning asking for court action to prevent a wrong or end a wrong being done
50
controversy
dispute; disagreement
50
decision
judgment; ruling
50
appeal
request for new trial in a higher court
50
jury
group selected to decide innocence or guilt of an accused person on trial
50
confess
admit; tell
50
forfeiture
loss of property as payment for a wrong act
50
claims
demands made against
50
appraisal
estimated worth; value placed upon
50
absentee ballot
official mail-in ballot
58
fugitive
one who flees; one escaping from the law
58
extradition
the return of a fugitive
58
territory
land region belonging to a government
58
guarantee
assure
58
domestic violence
riots; mob action
58
valid
in effect; acceptable
58
conflict
differ; disagree
58
attested
witnessed
58
republican form of government
representative government
58
Court-martial
military trial held under military law
58
personal liberties
individual rights
68
advocate
call for; speak or write in favor of
68
assembly
gathering of people
68
redress
correction
68
greivance
complaint
68
quarter
supply room and board for
68
siezure
arrests or confiscations; taking of one's belongings
68
effects
personal property
68
warrant
written court order allowing the arrest, search, and seizure of certain persons or certain property
68
writs of assistance
general search warrants
68
indict
charge with a crime and hold for trial
68
grand jury
twelve to twenty-three persons selected to decide if evidence if evidence against an accused person is sufficient for holding a trial; indictment juty
68
evidence
information; facts
68
double jeopardy
being tried again for a crime already found not guilty of
68
testify
speak; bear witness
68
compensation
payment
68
prosecute
accuse and attempt to prove guilty
68
impartial
open-minded; not predjudiced
68
verdict
decision; ruling
68
bail
a sum of money put up by an arrested person to insure his return, in order to be released until the time of his trial
68
enumeration
number; count
68
counsel
lawyer; attorney
68
subpoena
court order forcing a witness to appear in court
68
ineligible
unable to meet certain qualifications for membership
85
involuntary servitude
work done against one's will
85
appropriate
necessary; needed
85
legislation
laws
85
abridge
restrict; take away
85
Confederacy
Southern states that attempted to secede from the United States
85
secede
withdraw
85
emancipate
set free
85
bounty
reward
85
void
expired; no longer existing
85
income tax
tax paid on earnings
85
intoxicating liquors
alcoholic drinks
85
repeal
cancel; end
85
suffrage
right to vote
85
successor
person who follows a preceding office-holder in his office
85
poll tax
voting tax collected to pay cost of holding and election, and in some cases, to prevent certain citizens, who cannot afford to pay, from voting
85
confirm
approve
85