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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How does Reform Pressure build after 1989
 Ayatollah Khomeini dies in July 1989
 prior to his death, the constitution was amended to create an Expediency Council appointed by the faqih to resolve conflicts between the legislature and the Council of Guardians
How does Reform Pressure build after 1989
moderately reformist Ali-Akbar Rafsanjani elected President later in 1989
 pursues limited market-oriented reforms
 Cultural Minister Mohammad Khatami permits more Western materials & encourages women to engage in the arts
 several more visibly reformist leaders are blocked from participating in the 1992 and 1996 majlis elections
 young people (who could vote at age 15) begin to call for greater civil liberties
B. Khatami & the Call for Reform
 Rafsanjani abandons his consideration of trying to amend the constitution to permit a third term
 Khatami (who had resigned as Cultural Minister) becomes the most reformist of the 4 presidential candidates approved
 he is expected to lose to Ali-Akbar Nateq-Nuri (speaker of the majlis favored by conservatives)
kHATAMI
 amid massive turnout (88% v. 51% in 1993), Khatami won 70% of the vote on 5/23/97
 women & the young vote in large numbers for him
 the majlis (elected in 1996) is still dominated by conservatives
 Khatami is supported by secular activists with both statist and market-oriented economic ideas
 both groups are represented in the cabinet
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