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21 Cards in this Set

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What command(s) can you use at the command line to find the windows directory if you don't know where it was installed on a particular system?
the "cd %systemroot%" command or the "cd %windir%" command will take you to the directory where the windows OS is installed. Note: "%windir%" will work on all flavors of windows whereas "%systemroot%" is used on NT and higher OS's.
Are the terms "directories" and " folders" interchangable?
Yes, for the most part. However; some techs use the term folders when in the GUI and the term directories when at a command prompt.
How do you switch drives at the command prompt?
You can change drives at the command prompt by simply typing the drive or volume label of the drive(or volume) you wish to change to followed by a colon[:].
What 4 switches does the ATTRIB command set?
The 4 switches that the ATTRIB command sets/unsets are:read-only,hidden,system, and archive.
The extra letters and numbers that are written at the end of a command line command are called what?
The extra letters and numbers that are written at the end of a command line command are called "switches".
What is an easy way to find out the syntax and switches used by a particular command?
If you want to find out the syntax and switches used by a particular command, always type the command followed by a /? to get help.
Can more than one switch be used simultaneously?
Yes, almost all switches can be used simultaneously. (try the DIR command like this: DIR/W/P).
How do you close the command line?
To close the command line, use the "exit" command.
Tlhe command prompt is always focused on a specific folder. This is important to remember because any commands you enter will be performed on the files in that folder on which the prompt is focused.The prompt is said to be __________ at that directory/folder/file.
The prompt is said to be "pointing" at that directory/folder/file.
What command returns you to the root directory in a network domain?
The "cd"+"backslash"
command takes you directly to the root directory of the network domain you're currently in.
If you want to go UP a single directory, what can you type?
You can type "cd .." to go up (back) a single directory.
What command(s) do you use to make directories with?
You can make directories with the "MAKDIR" or "md" commands.
How do you remove DIRECTORIES?
You remove directories by using the "rd" command or by using the "DELTREE" command. Note: using the deltree command can be very dangerous, because it's very easy to delete more than you want to. Remember to check twice and delete once...
How do you delete or remove FILES?
You can delete or remove FILES by using the "DEL" or "ERASE" command. Remember, once you've erased a file, it is GONE!! It can only be retreived by using a 3rd party utility such as Norton's "Unerase". CHECK TWICE AND DELETE ONCE---ALWAYS!!!
What is a "wildcard"?
A wildcard is one of two special characters, asterik(*) and question mark(?),that can be used in place of all or part of a filename enabling a command to act on more than one file at a time.
How can you name long and more descriptive filenames?
You can use quotation marks to name long and descriptive filenames.
What is the difference between copying and moving a folder/file?
The difference between copying and moving a file/folder is whether or not it is left behind.
What command can be used to copy multiple direcories (and possibly even the files within those directories)?
You can use the "XCOPY" command to copy multiple directories and the associated sub-folders and files as well.
Do NOT confuse deleting FILES with deleting DIRECTORIES! DEL or ERASE will remove a FILE, while "rd" or "REMDIR" remove DIRECTORIES.
Do NOT confuse deleting FILES with deleting DIRECTORIES! DEL or ERASE will remove a FILE, while "rd" or "REMDIR" remove DIRECTORIES.
What are 2 native Windows programs that can be used to work with files and batch files?
You can use both "EDIT" and "NOTEPAD" to work with files and batchfiles.
What command can be used to "fool" a DOS-based program into thinking the correct version of DOS is being used?
The "SETVER" command can be used to make a DOS-based program into thinking the correct version of DOS is being used.