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62 Cards in this Set

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Explain what happened in Poland.
Include: Cause, course, consequence/big picture
Cause:
- After war, future was to be debated.
- Rioting protesting Soviet takeover.

Course:
- Kruschev comes in to try and convince the Polish to stay pro-soviet.
- Tanks were ready....
- Decided against war.
- Soviets grip on Poland let loose a bit.
- Yay, religion and individual liberties!

Consequence:
- In being so leniant and trying to accomodate the needs of Poland, the USSR strengthened its ties with this country which helped maintain their sphere of influence.
Riots, compromise, maintaining soviet influence
Explain what happened in Turkey:
Cause, course, consequence
Cause:
- Soviets wanted to control waterways linking mineral resources of North Africa and the Middle East.

Course:
- Proposal rejected.
- Stalin sent troops to Turkish border.

Consequence:
- regarded as USSR meddling in Western sphere of influence.
- US set in troops to remind them of monopoly.
waterways, troops, monopoly
Explain what happened in Iran:
cause/course/consequence
Cause:
- Soviets failed to withdraw out of Iran after the war.
- supported commie revolt

Course:
- Soviet presence worried US&Britain.
- Diplomatic pressure forced Soviets to withdraw.
- Iran persuaded into purchasing American oil equiptment.

Consequence:
- Groundwork laid for Washington-Tehran link.
soviets not leaving, worries&pressure, groundwork
Explain what happened in Greece:
cause/ course/ consequence
Cause:
- Commies hoped to take over Greece when war ended.

Course:
- Considered western sphere of influence, Britain wanted to intervene.
- unable to because of economy.
- Brits sought aid but US was being isolationalist.

Consequence:
- Brits withdrew along with aid.
- a power struggle ensued.
- Soviets eventually let it go claiming it was a western sphere of influence.
commie greed, brits trying, thing work out
Marshall Plan: cause/ course/ consequence
Cause:
- Soviet expansion alarming
- US recognizes Europe unable to defend itself.

Course:
- Marshall suggests they strengthen Western European countries to fend off commies.
- provided aid to 16 countries
- even asked USSR! But they were cranky and didnt want it even though their people were starving.

Consequence:
- Stimulated american economy
- Re-established trade
- Eastern europe got worse.
what should we do? Add strength! Yay happy economy!
Czechoslovakia (coup & prague spring)
cause/ course/ consequence
Cause:
- Nation seemed to follow Moscow's lead.
- But they wanted more independance.
- beause of Stalin they didn't get Marshall plan assistance.

Course:
- commie takeover, coup!
- Prague Spring started in 1968 and ended the same year when soviets invaded.

Consequence:
- communist coup left no doubt that soviets wanted to control their satellites.
- sparked american concern and the Marshall Plan.
listening to stalin, listened too much and got couped, sparked concern.
Berlin Blockade
Cause:
- Stalin saw sore spot in Soviet zone
- Disappointed that Allies had not left.

Course:
- Blocked all road and rail traffic into Berlin.
- Berliner's were hungry and had restricted diet because of this.
- USA flew in supplies because airways weren't blocked.
- Brandised nuclear warheads so soviets wouldnt shoot them down.

Consequence:
- blockade ended because of ineffectiveness and pricetag.

Westerns gained: West Germany (FRG)
Soviets gained: East Germany (DRG)

- Led to NATO
stalin mad, blocked berlin, too pricey
NATO/WARSAW Pact
Cause:
- Soviet desire for expansion exhibited in the Blockade and the Czech coup made West fear commies.
- Felt that Western Europe was threatened by Soviet Expansionism.

Course:
- Needed to militarily organize, created NATO.

Consequence:
- Soviets implemented Warsaw pact.
- Separation between rival spheres was complete.
Needed military, NATO, commie comeback
Cominform
Cause:
- comintern set up to promote communism
- wasn't working, opted to consolidate

Course:
- Comintern --> cominform
- They wanted to direct and maintain communism behind the iron curtain.

Consequence:
- Global revolution never occured.
promote/consolidate/ never really work
Yugoslavia
Cause:
- Yugoslavia (with help from Tito & Brits) had freed themselves from Natzi control.
- red army had not treated them well

Course:
- Stalin had issues seeing Tito as an equal.
- Tito wasn't interested in communism.

Consequence:
- Yugoslavia expelled from cominform.
bitter tito/uncomfortable Stalin/dismissal
Korean War
Cause:
- After WW2, Korea was divided into North and South Korea based on what superpower occupied it.
- Both sides wanted to the peninsula.
- No compromise seemed possible.

Course:
- North invaded South
- UN & US get involved
- Push North korea back
- China started helping North Koreans

Result:
- Eventually agreed on demilitarized zone between the two.
- turning point in foreign policies of the two superpowers
- catalyst for rearmement of Western Europe.
peninsula/north invades south/ demilitarized zone
NATO/WARSAW Pact
Cause:
- Soviet desire for expansion exhibited in the Blockade and the Czech coup made West fear commies.
- Felt that Western Europe was threatened by Soviet Expansionism.

Course:
- Needed to militarily organize, created NATO.

Consequence:
- Soviets implemented Warsaw pact.
- Separation between rival spheres was complete.
Needed military, NATO, commie comeback
Joseph McCarthy & McCarthyism
Cause:
- United States was going through intense anti-communist tensions and suspicions.

Course:
- McCarthy became notes for investigated claims of communism inside federal government.
- Suspicions rose in the general public and many lost their jobs.
- Hollywood blacklist occured

Consequence:
- Several attempts to introduce legislation or apply laws to protect US from perceived threat.
suspicion/ paranoia/trying to control
Hungary
Cause:
- liberated by USSR
- Demanded independece from Soviet control/ raise livings conditions/ econonomic standards

Course:
- 200 000 Hungarians began protesting in Budapest
- resembled revolution
- Soviets remove Rakosi and put in Imre Nagy
- Unbenounced to the USSR, Nagy wanted compelte autonomy and wanted out of Warsaw Pact.

Consquence:
- Stalin sent in troops to control Hungarians
- they would not sacrifice their security
- thousands of hungarians were tried and executed
similar to Poland but with bad outcome.
Cominform
Cause:
- comintern set up to promote communism
- wasn't working, opted to consolidate

Course:
- Comintern --> cominform
- They wanted to direct and maintain communism behind the iron curtain.

Consequence:
- Global revolution never occured.
promote/consolidate/ never really work
Kruschev Era
Cause:
- succeded Stalin
- denounced Stalin and started destalinization

Course:
- some eastern european countries believed freedom was coming

Consequence:
- Kruschev was a risktaker
- Put missiles in Cuba
- Almost started a Nuclear War
Stalin defeat/ freedom maybe/ risky business
Yugoslavia
Cause:
- Yugoslavia (with help from Tito & Brits) had freed themselves from Natzi control.
- red army had not treated them well

Course:
- Stalin had issues seeing Tito as an equal.
- Tito wasn't interested in communism.

Consequence:
- Yugoslavia expelled from cominform.
bitter tito/uncomfortable Stalin/dismissal
U2 Spy Plane
- US developed plane that was undetected
- flew over Siberia, shot down
- world knew US had been monitering missile sites
- world was now able to ascertain Soviet Strategic weakness
Undetectable/ shot down/ obvious
NATO/WARSAW Pact
Cause:
- Soviet desire for expansion exhibited in the Blockade and the Czech coup made West fear commies.
- Felt that Western Europe was threatened by Soviet Expansionism.

Course:
- Needed to militarily organize, created NATO.

Consequence:
- Soviets implemented Warsaw pact.
- Separation between rival spheres was complete.
Needed military, NATO, commie comeback
NATO/WARSAW Pact
Cause:
- Soviet desire for expansion exhibited in the Blockade and the Czech coup made West fear commies.
- Felt that Western Europe was threatened by Soviet Expansionism.

Course:
- Needed to militarily organize, created NATO.

Consequence:
- Soviets implemented Warsaw pact.
- Separation between rival spheres was complete.
Needed military, NATO, commie comeback
Korean War
Cause:
- After WW2, Korea was divided into North and South Korea based on what superpower occupied it.
- Both sides wanted to the peninsula.
- No compromise seemed possible.

Course:
- North invaded South
- UN & US get involved
- Push North korea back
- China started helping North Koreans

Result:
- Eventually agreed on demilitarized zone between the two.
- turning point in foreign policies of the two superpowers
- catalyst for rearmement of Western Europe.
peninsula/north invades south/ demilitarized zone
Cuban Missile Crisis
Cause:
- Soviet arms and equipment were sent to Cuba to protect their island.

Course:
- Bay fo Pigs happens, embarrassment for Kennedy
- US U2 Spyplane shwed evidence of ballistic missile sites pointed right at States

Consequence:
- Through negotiations, US would remove quarantine and USSR would remove missiles
- This led to a detente between the superpowers, hotline was installed.
USSR present 4 Cuba/ US detects it/ detente
Berlin Wall
Cause:
- Kruschev wanted to seal off West Berlin from East Berlin.

Course:
- Berlin wall was built

Consequence:
- Served as cold war icon
- taken down in 1989
thinking.../built/broken symbol
Joseph McCarthy & McCarthyism
Cause:
- United States was going through intense anti-communist tensions and suspicions.

Course:
- McCarthy became notes for investigated claims of communism inside federal government.
- Suspicions rose in the general public and many lost their jobs.
- Hollywood blacklist occured

Consequence:
- Several attempts to introduce legislation or apply laws to protect US from perceived threat.
suspicion/ paranoia/trying to control
Cominform
Cause:
- comintern set up to promote communism
- wasn't working, opted to consolidate

Course:
- Comintern --> cominform
- They wanted to direct and maintain communism behind the iron curtain.

Consequence:
- Global revolution never occured.
promote/consolidate/ never really work
Cominform
Cause:
- comintern set up to promote communism
- wasn't working, opted to consolidate

Course:
- Comintern --> cominform
- They wanted to direct and maintain communism behind the iron curtain.

Consequence:
- Global revolution never occured.
promote/consolidate/ never really work
China
Cause:
- Stalin didn't beleive Moa Zedong was true communist
- China wanted to develop its own militant policies, resentful of dependece to Moscow

Course:
- Soviets ambushed by Chinese
- Soviets reinforce border

Consequence:
- more troops along this border than all of Eastern Europe
- The Soviets tried to maintain their Soviet influence in China by installing these inforcements.
resentment/ambush/border patrol
Yugoslavia
Cause:
- Yugoslavia (with help from Tito & Brits) had freed themselves from Natzi control.
- red army had not treated them well

Course:
- Stalin had issues seeing Tito as an equal.
- Tito wasn't interested in communism.

Consequence:
- Yugoslavia expelled from cominform.
bitter tito/uncomfortable Stalin/dismissal
Yugoslavia
Cause:
- Yugoslavia (with help from Tito & Brits) had freed themselves from Natzi control.
- red army had not treated them well

Course:
- Stalin had issues seeing Tito as an equal.
- Tito wasn't interested in communism.

Consequence:
- Yugoslavia expelled from cominform.
bitter tito/uncomfortable Stalin/dismissal
Vietnam War
Cause:
- applied domino effect
- Eisenhower said if US didnt take a stand all of Southeast asia could fall under communist rule.

Course:
- US withdrew
- Peace agreements signed
- Didnt last long
- North invaded south
- Fell under communist control
- Hundreds of supporters of the South Vietnamese governemnt were executed, thousdands more imprisoned.

Consequence:
- Controversial war
- war had dramatic effects on both societies
- now communist
Eisenhower worries/ US tries, withdraws/communist takeover
Hungary
Cause:
- liberated by USSR
- Demanded independece from Soviet control/ raise livings conditions/ econonomic standards

Course:
- 200 000 Hungarians began protesting in Budapest
- resembled revolution
- Soviets remove Rakosi and put in Imre Nagy
- Unbenounced to the USSR, Nagy wanted compelte autonomy and wanted out of Warsaw Pact.

Consquence:
- Stalin sent in troops to control Hungarians
- they would not sacrifice their security
- thousands of hungarians were tried and executed
similar to Poland but with bad outcome.
Korean War
Cause:
- After WW2, Korea was divided into North and South Korea based on what superpower occupied it.
- Both sides wanted to the peninsula.
- No compromise seemed possible.

Course:
- North invaded South
- UN & US get involved
- Push North korea back
- China started helping North Koreans

Result:
- Eventually agreed on demilitarized zone between the two.
- turning point in foreign policies of the two superpowers
- catalyst for rearmement of Western Europe.
peninsula/north invades south/ demilitarized zone
Korean War
Cause:
- After WW2, Korea was divided into North and South Korea based on what superpower occupied it.
- Both sides wanted to the peninsula.
- No compromise seemed possible.

Course:
- North invaded South
- UN & US get involved
- Push North korea back
- China started helping North Koreans

Result:
- Eventually agreed on demilitarized zone between the two.
- turning point in foreign policies of the two superpowers
- catalyst for rearmement of Western Europe.
peninsula/north invades south/ demilitarized zone
Kruschev Era
Cause:
- succeded Stalin
- denounced Stalin and started destalinization

Course:
- some eastern european countries believed freedom was coming

Consequence:
- Kruschev was a risktaker
- Put missiles in Cuba
- Almost started a Nuclear War
Stalin defeat/ freedom maybe/ risky business
Joseph McCarthy & McCarthyism
Cause:
- United States was going through intense anti-communist tensions and suspicions.

Course:
- McCarthy became notes for investigated claims of communism inside federal government.
- Suspicions rose in the general public and many lost their jobs.
- Hollywood blacklist occured

Consequence:
- Several attempts to introduce legislation or apply laws to protect US from perceived threat.
suspicion/ paranoia/trying to control
Joseph McCarthy & McCarthyism
Cause:
- United States was going through intense anti-communist tensions and suspicions.

Course:
- McCarthy became notes for investigated claims of communism inside federal government.
- Suspicions rose in the general public and many lost their jobs.
- Hollywood blacklist occured

Consequence:
- Several attempts to introduce legislation or apply laws to protect US from perceived threat.
suspicion/ paranoia/trying to control
Nuclear Arm Race
Salt 1 & 2
Cause:
- US had unchallenged monopoly of weaponry.
- Soviets tried to catch up

Course:
- they competed in everything
- SALT 1&2 helped a little with arms control
- limits of number of weapons
- "first strike" theory MAD

Consquence:
- Gorbachev's rise to power relieved some tension between the two powers
- held summits
- both superpowers realized they needed to sooperate in order to better their own domestic renewals.
us BEST/ MAD competition/ compromise
U2 Spy Plane
- US developed plane that was undetected
- flew over Siberia, shot down
- world knew US had been monitering missile sites
- world was now able to ascertain Soviet Strategic weakness
Undetectable/ shot down/ obvious
Hungary
Cause:
- liberated by USSR
- Demanded independece from Soviet control/ raise livings conditions/ econonomic standards

Course:
- 200 000 Hungarians began protesting in Budapest
- resembled revolution
- Soviets remove Rakosi and put in Imre Nagy
- Unbenounced to the USSR, Nagy wanted compelte autonomy and wanted out of Warsaw Pact.

Consquence:
- Stalin sent in troops to control Hungarians
- they would not sacrifice their security
- thousands of hungarians were tried and executed
similar to Poland but with bad outcome.
Hungary
Cause:
- liberated by USSR
- Demanded independece from Soviet control/ raise livings conditions/ econonomic standards

Course:
- 200 000 Hungarians began protesting in Budapest
- resembled revolution
- Soviets remove Rakosi and put in Imre Nagy
- Unbenounced to the USSR, Nagy wanted compelte autonomy and wanted out of Warsaw Pact.

Consquence:
- Stalin sent in troops to control Hungarians
- they would not sacrifice their security
- thousands of hungarians were tried and executed
similar to Poland but with bad outcome.
Cuban Missile Crisis
Cause:
- Soviet arms and equipment were sent to Cuba to protect their island.

Course:
- Bay fo Pigs happens, embarrassment for Kennedy
- US U2 Spyplane shwed evidence of ballistic missile sites pointed right at States

Consequence:
- Through negotiations, US would remove quarantine and USSR would remove missiles
- This led to a detente between the superpowers, hotline was installed.
USSR present 4 Cuba/ US detects it/ detente
Kruschev Era
Cause:
- succeded Stalin
- denounced Stalin and started destalinization

Course:
- some eastern european countries believed freedom was coming

Consequence:
- Kruschev was a risktaker
- Put missiles in Cuba
- Almost started a Nuclear War
Stalin defeat/ freedom maybe/ risky business
Kruschev Era
Cause:
- succeded Stalin
- denounced Stalin and started destalinization

Course:
- some eastern european countries believed freedom was coming

Consequence:
- Kruschev was a risktaker
- Put missiles in Cuba
- Almost started a Nuclear War
Stalin defeat/ freedom maybe/ risky business
U2 Spy Plane
- US developed plane that was undetected
- flew over Siberia, shot down
- world knew US had been monitering missile sites
- world was now able to ascertain Soviet Strategic weakness
Undetectable/ shot down/ obvious
U2 Spy Plane
- US developed plane that was undetected
- flew over Siberia, shot down
- world knew US had been monitering missile sites
- world was now able to ascertain Soviet Strategic weakness
Undetectable/ shot down/ obvious
Berlin Wall
Cause:
- Kruschev wanted to seal off West Berlin from East Berlin.

Course:
- Berlin wall was built

Consequence:
- Served as cold war icon
- taken down in 1989
thinking.../built/broken symbol
Cuban Missile Crisis
Cause:
- Soviet arms and equipment were sent to Cuba to protect their island.

Course:
- Bay fo Pigs happens, embarrassment for Kennedy
- US U2 Spyplane shwed evidence of ballistic missile sites pointed right at States

Consequence:
- Through negotiations, US would remove quarantine and USSR would remove missiles
- This led to a detente between the superpowers, hotline was installed.
USSR present 4 Cuba/ US detects it/ detente
China
Cause:
- Stalin didn't beleive Moa Zedong was true communist
- China wanted to develop its own militant policies, resentful of dependece to Moscow

Course:
- Soviets ambushed by Chinese
- Soviets reinforce border

Consequence:
- more troops along this border than all of Eastern Europe
- The Soviets tried to maintain their Soviet influence in China by installing these inforcements.
resentment/ambush/border patrol
Cuban Missile Crisis
Cause:
- Soviet arms and equipment were sent to Cuba to protect their island.

Course:
- Bay fo Pigs happens, embarrassment for Kennedy
- US U2 Spyplane shwed evidence of ballistic missile sites pointed right at States

Consequence:
- Through negotiations, US would remove quarantine and USSR would remove missiles
- This led to a detente between the superpowers, hotline was installed.
USSR present 4 Cuba/ US detects it/ detente
Berlin Wall
Cause:
- Kruschev wanted to seal off West Berlin from East Berlin.

Course:
- Berlin wall was built

Consequence:
- Served as cold war icon
- taken down in 1989
thinking.../built/broken symbol
Berlin Wall
Cause:
- Kruschev wanted to seal off West Berlin from East Berlin.

Course:
- Berlin wall was built

Consequence:
- Served as cold war icon
- taken down in 1989
thinking.../built/broken symbol
Vietnam War
Cause:
- applied domino effect
- Eisenhower said if US didnt take a stand all of Southeast asia could fall under communist rule.

Course:
- US withdrew
- Peace agreements signed
- Didnt last long
- North invaded south
- Fell under communist control
- Hundreds of supporters of the South Vietnamese governemnt were executed, thousdands more imprisoned.

Consequence:
- Controversial war
- war had dramatic effects on both societies
- now communist
Eisenhower worries/ US tries, withdraws/communist takeover
China
Cause:
- Stalin didn't beleive Moa Zedong was true communist
- China wanted to develop its own militant policies, resentful of dependece to Moscow

Course:
- Soviets ambushed by Chinese
- Soviets reinforce border

Consequence:
- more troops along this border than all of Eastern Europe
- The Soviets tried to maintain their Soviet influence in China by installing these inforcements.
resentment/ambush/border patrol
China
Cause:
- Stalin didn't beleive Moa Zedong was true communist
- China wanted to develop its own militant policies, resentful of dependece to Moscow

Course:
- Soviets ambushed by Chinese
- Soviets reinforce border

Consequence:
- more troops along this border than all of Eastern Europe
- The Soviets tried to maintain their Soviet influence in China by installing these inforcements.
resentment/ambush/border patrol
Nuclear Arm Race
Salt 1 & 2
Cause:
- US had unchallenged monopoly of weaponry.
- Soviets tried to catch up

Course:
- they competed in everything
- SALT 1&2 helped a little with arms control
- limits of number of weapons
- "first strike" theory MAD

Consquence:
- Gorbachev's rise to power relieved some tension between the two powers
- held summits
- both superpowers realized they needed to sooperate in order to better their own domestic renewals.
us BEST/ MAD competition/ compromise
Vietnam War
Cause:
- applied domino effect
- Eisenhower said if US didnt take a stand all of Southeast asia could fall under communist rule.

Course:
- US withdrew
- Peace agreements signed
- Didnt last long
- North invaded south
- Fell under communist control
- Hundreds of supporters of the South Vietnamese governemnt were executed, thousdands more imprisoned.

Consequence:
- Controversial war
- war had dramatic effects on both societies
- now communist
Eisenhower worries/ US tries, withdraws/communist takeover
Nuclear Arm Race
Salt 1 & 2
Cause:
- US had unchallenged monopoly of weaponry.
- Soviets tried to catch up

Course:
- they competed in everything
- SALT 1&2 helped a little with arms control
- limits of number of weapons
- "first strike" theory MAD

Consquence:
- Gorbachev's rise to power relieved some tension between the two powers
- held summits
- both superpowers realized they needed to sooperate in order to better their own domestic renewals.
us BEST/ MAD competition/ compromise
Vietnam War
Cause:
- applied domino effect
- Eisenhower said if US didnt take a stand all of Southeast asia could fall under communist rule.

Course:
- US withdrew
- Peace agreements signed
- Didnt last long
- North invaded south
- Fell under communist control
- Hundreds of supporters of the South Vietnamese governemnt were executed, thousdands more imprisoned.

Consequence:
- Controversial war
- war had dramatic effects on both societies
- now communist
Eisenhower worries/ US tries, withdraws/communist takeover
Nuclear Arm Race
Salt 1 & 2
Cause:
- US had unchallenged monopoly of weaponry.
- Soviets tried to catch up

Course:
- they competed in everything
- SALT 1&2 helped a little with arms control
- limits of number of weapons
- "first strike" theory MAD

Consquence:
- Gorbachev's rise to power relieved some tension between the two powers
- held summits
- both superpowers realized they needed to sooperate in order to better their own domestic renewals.
us BEST/ MAD competition/ compromise
Afghanistan
Cause:
- In Soviet Sphere of influence
- Soviets funding aid in the South
- Monarchy was overthrown
- Daoud established dictatorship, attacking Islamic fundamentalists
- He was executed

Course:
- Resistance movement began, led by many Muslim religous leaders
- Soviets feared continual civil turmoil

Consequence:
- Soviets invade Kabul
- Mujahedden attacks back
- Geography of landscape and Afghani people were impossible to dominate
- Handling their own Vietnam
- Soviets backed off

Consequence:
- After Soviet withdrawal, insurgents defeated their client government
- Rival Afghan factions continue to fight
- Most of the country was brought under Taliban control, a ruthless fundamentalist Muslim group known
for its harsh treatment of women.
civil turmoil/soviets come in/ afghanistan not very nice, led to taliban
Reagan & Gorbachev
Cause:
- Gorbachev becomes leader of Soviets
- He wanted to demiliterize Soviet foreign policy so that he could divert resources to fixing a broken economy.
- he expected hekp from Reagan

Course:
- Their personalities clicked and they got to talking
- Gorbachev wanted to take soviet union in new radical direction
- away from Big Lie

Consequence:
- The two were off to Geneva before thye knew it.
- Signed INF treaty
- limited all kinds of missiles
Gorbachev wants change/ personalites yay/ geneva
Nicaragua
Cause:
- Establishment of Cuban linked socialist government threatened US sphere of influence
- Sandinista movement overcomes Somoza dictatorship.

Course:
- Sandinistas involved in supplying arms from Cuba to guerrilla movement in El Salvador.
- US provides arms for former Somoza dictatorship, creating the Contras
- They waged war

Consequence:
- US was put on trial by Nicaraguan government for promoting military agression against them.
- No more funding for Contras
- US violated Congressional restrictions through a covert fund-raising project involving Iran. (Iran- Contra Affair)
- US economic boycott of Nicaragua begins
- An opposition political party won an election which brought an end to Sandinista rule.
- US economic boycott ends.
cuban threat/ usa helping, put on trial/ Sandinistas overthrown