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22 Cards in this Set

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Conic Projection
Type of map created by plotting points and lines from a globe onto a cone shaped map
Contour Interval
The degree of difference between contour lines adjacent to each other.
Contour Line
A topographic map line that connects points having the same elevation
equator
Represents O* latitude across Earth... the line used on maps to separate Earth into two equal halves: a northern and sourthern half
Fault Block Mountain
mountain created when huge sections of jagged rocks are pushed upward or downward at an angle along a fault line
Folded Mountain
Mountains produced when stretches of rock are pressed together, forcing them into a rippled shape throughout the middle
International Dateline
line on the opposite side of Earth from the prime meridian- measuring 180* longitude and marking the change of the calendar day
Landsat Sattelite
a satellite that uses mirrors to collect information about the energy being collected by or released from Earth's surface
Latitude
measure of distance either north or south of the equator
Longitude
measure of distance either east or west of the prime meridian
map legend
a key that explains what the symbols on a map represent
Map Scale
proportion sharing the relationship between the sizes and distances drawn on a map to the actual sizes and distances they represent
Mercator Projection
a method for creating maps in which parallel longitude lines accurately reflect the shape of land masses, but do not accurately represent the areas covered by them
plain
a landform that is almost entirely flat and stretches over a large area
Plateau
a landform that is made of long rows of rock of the same height bordering mountainous areas
Prime Meridian
line used on maps to separate Earth into two halves...east and west...this line represents 0* longitude
Robinson Projection
a method for creating maps that has curved lines of longitude to reflect the fact that the Earth is round. Illustrates fairly accurately
Sonar
Use of echoes of sound waves to discern an underwater structure's shape and size
Topex-Poseidon Satellite
a statellite that uses radar to determine information about the topography of the oceam floor
topographic map
Map that portrays the elevation of different natural and man-made features of a certain area using contour lines
Unwarped Mountain
a jagged mountain formed when the thin layer of the Earth's crust is thrust up through the surface
Volcanic Mountain
A mountain formed when magma moves up past the surface and forms coned-shaped structures composed primarily of ash and hardened lava