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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
NEUTRAL COMPETENCE
the principle that bureaucracy should be depoliticized by making it more professional.
SPOILS SYSTEM
the 19th century practice of rewarding political supporters with public office.
PATRONAGE
a system in which successful party candidates reward supporters with jobs or favors.
CIVIL SERVICE
nonmilitary employees who are appointed through the merit system.
PENDELTON ACT
civil service reform (1883) that required the hiring and promoting of civil servants to be based on merit, not patronage.
HATCH ACT 1939
the law limiting the political involvement of civil servants to protect them from political pressure and keep politics out of the bureaucracy.
ACCOUNTABILITY
the principle that bureaucratic employees should be answerable for their performance to supervisors, all the way up the chain of command.
RED TAPE
the complex procedures and regulations surrounding bureaucratic activity.
CLIENTELE GROUPS
groups of citizens whose interests are affected by an agency or department and who work to influence its policies.
INDEPENDENT AGENCY
a government organization independent to the departments but with a narrower policy focus.
INDEPENDENT REGULATORY BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS
government organizations that regulate various businesses, industries, or economic sectors.
REGULATIONS
limitations or restrictions on the activities of a business or individual.
GOVERNMENT CORPORATION
a company created by Congress to provide a good or service to the public that private enterprise cannot or will not profitably provide.
BUREAUCRATIC DISCRETION
top bureaucrats' authority to use their own judgment in interpreting and carrying out the laws of Congress.
FEDERAL REGISTER
publication containing all federal regulations and notifications of regulatory agency hearings.
BUREAUCRATIC CULTURE
the accepted values and procedures of an organization.
BUREAUCRATESE
the often unintelligible language used by bureaucrats to avoid controversy and lend weight to their words.
WHISTLE BLOWERS
individuals who publicize instances of fraud, corruption, or other wrongdoing in the bureaucracy.
IRON TRIANGLE
the phenomenon of a clientele group, congressional committee, and bureaucratic agency cooperating to make mutually beneficial policy.
CITIZEN ADVISORY COUNCIL
a citizen group that considers the policy decisions of an agency; a way to make the bureaucracy responsive to the general public.
SUNSHINE LAWS
legislation opening the process of bureaucratic policymaking to the public.
FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT 1974
a law that gives citizens access to the government's files on them.