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96 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Prone Position
Lying face down
Supine Positon
Lying ventral up
Another word for superior
Cranial
Another Word for inferior
caudal
The body cut right to left is
Median or midsagittal
The body cut ventral to dorsal
Coronal
The body cut superior to inferior
Transverse/horizontal
The body cut at an angle
Oblique
The body cut right to left like loaves of bread, all the ones off set from the middle
Parasagittal
Of the Upper Arm
Brachial
Of the Clavical
Clavicular
Of the skin or near the skin
Cutaneous
Of the thigh
Femoral
Of the buttocks
Gluteal
Of the upper Pelvic Region
illiac
of the groin
Inguinal
Of the lower back
Lumbar
Of the front chest
Pectoral
Of the lowest area torso
Pelvic
Of the back of the knee
popliteal
Of the back of the knee
popliteal
of the ankle
tarsal
of the chest
thoracic
Of the back of the knee
popliteal
of the ankle
tarsal
of the chest
thoracic
Of the back of the knee
popliteal
of the ankle
tarsal
of the chest
thoracic
Proximal Epiphysis
Distal Epiphysis of the Humerus
What is highlighted in the first box
What is higlighted in the second box
Proximal Epiphysis
Distal Epiphysis of the Humerus
What is highlighted in the first box
What is higlighted in the second box
The line That separates the Epiphysis from the rest of the bone
Epiphyseal Lin
The tubular shaft that forms the long axis of a long bone.
Diaphysis
The center of the diaphysis that contains no bone tissue at all
The Medullary Cavity
The center of the diaphysis that contains no bone tissue at all
The Medullary Cavity
Fatty Bone/No role in blood cell formation. Lies in the open space in medullary cavity
Yellow Bone Marrow
Spongy Bone is called
Cancellous Bone
This covers the entire outer surface of the bone/with the exception of the ends on the epiphyses.
Periosteum
The hle in the wall of the diaphysis where the artery and vein run through to vascularize the bone
Nutrient Foramen
This type of joint in immovable, only slightly movable..Name Give me 1 examples
(FIBROUS)
Sutures, syndesmoses (connective tissue btw ulna and radius) gomphoses (tooth inserted into socket)
The type of joint where the articulating bones are united by cartilage. 1 good example
Joint btw 1st rib and sternum
Inverterbral discs and pubic symphsis
The most movable joints in the body, contain fluid filled joint cavitys. Most of the joints are of this class.
Synovial joints
(FunctionaI Classification)
Imovable articulation
3 examples
Synarthroses
-Suture
-Syndesmosis
-Gompphosis
(Functional Classification)
Slightly moveable joint
2 examples of
Amphiarthroses
-Synchondrose-where hyaline cartilage unites bones-ribs to sternum
-Symphyses-(Pubic symphis, and invertabral discs)
(functional classication of joints)
Moveable joints
6 examples;
diarthroses
1)Plane-Clavial to Scapula
2)Hinge-Knee
3)Pivot
4)Condyloid
5)Saddle
6)Ball and Socket
Example of Synovial joint
Plane join
Clavicle to scapula
Synovial joint hinge joint
Knee or elbow
Synovial joint (Pivot example)
axis
Any joint that connects via a condyle is what type of joint
(Synovial-Condyloid)
Articulating joint one with a convex side the other concave
Saddle joint
Synovial joint example of ball and socket
femur in the acetabulum
What 6 things distinguishes synovial joints from other joints?
1)Synovial Membrane
2)Synovial Cavity
3)Articular cartilage
4)Fibrous capsule
5)Tendone and ligaments to support externally
6)Ligaments to support bothe externally and internally
What are Fibrous joints
Sutures (short fibers)
Gomphosis-The root of a tooth and its socket
Syndesmosis-Slightly movable
The tibiofibular articulation is what type of joint?
Fibrous
(Syndesmoses)
The membrane between the between the radius and the ulna is what type of joint?
Fibrous-Synesmoses
The membrane between the between the radius and the ulna is what type of joint?
Fibrous-Synesmoses
What kind of joint is a suture
Fibrous
What type of joint unites bone ends/parts via collagenic fibers
Fibrous
What type of joint unites bone ends/ parts with cartilage
Cartilaginous
What are the 2 subcatagories of Cartlaginous joints
Synchondrosis (hyaline cartilage)
Symphysis (fibrocartilage)
What type of joint in the immovable joint btw the the fist rib and the sternum
Synchondroses
Cartilaginous-Synchondroses
The epiphyseal plate is what type of joint
Inverterbral discs are what type of joints.
Cartilaginous/Symphyses
The pubic symphysis is what type of joint
symphyese
What are the 6 types of synovial joints
1)Plane
2)Hinge Joints
3)Pivot joint
4)Condyloid joints
5)Saddle Joints
6)Ball and Socket joints
FUNCTIONAL CLASSIFICATION
(A joint that is immovable)
Synarthroses
(FUNCTIONAL CLASSIFICATION)
A joint that is slightly movable
Amphiarthroses
A small saclike dialation, (tooth socket)
Alveolus
A tube passage through bone that is an opening for veins, arteries or nerves
Canal
A slit shaped opening btw 2 bones
Fissure
A hole that goes through the bone that allows for the passage of blood vessels or nerves
Foramen
A shallow depression or cavity
Fossa
A flattened area of bone,
Lamina
A pipe shaped or tube like opening
meatus
A cavity withing a bone
sinus
A groove or deep depression btw 2 areas of the same bone
Sulcus
A small head on a bone
Capitulum
A rounded prominence at the end of a bone
Condyle
A condyle above another condyle
epicondyle
A round projection beyond the head of the bone
Head
A round projections beyond the neck of the bone
Head
A process shaped like a small hamerhead,
Malleolus
the head of the bone
Olecranon
a projection from, or a bump on a bone
process
A process shaped like a pulley
Trochlea
a rough, bony ride,
crest
A prominent ridge along the diaphyses of a bone
line
A sharp projection
spine
A large, roughed raised or enlarged area of a bone
troochanter
A rounded enlargment, but smaller and smoother than a trochanter
tubercle
A rough enlarged area
tuberosity
How many bones are in the axial skeleton
80
How many bones are in the appendicular skeleton
126
What provides the framework to which the upper limbs attack, and is made up of the scapula and clavical
The pectoral girdle
What provides the framework to which the lower limbs attack and is made up of the 2 coxal bones.
The pelvic girdle
The acromion is posterior to the what process
coracoid