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67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
major bone of the forehead
the ridge above the eye socket indicating the location of the frontal sinuses, origin of the corrugator supercilii muscle
superciliary arch
brow ridge
the smooth, triangular part of the frontal bone found midline directly above the nasal bones connecting the superciliary arches
triangular are between eyebrows
cavity within the frontal bone
frontal sinus
behind frontal bone
large pared bone located in the superior or lateral portion of the skull
two top bones side by side
runs laterally joining the frontal and parietal bones
coronal suture
suture of frontal bone, "crown"
runs anterioposteriorally joining the two parietal bones
sagittal suture
temporal paired bone located on the lateral side of the skull
near ears
runs dorsoventrally joinging the temporal and parietal bones
squamous suture
connects the top and bottom halves
articulates with the condyloid process of the mandible
mandibular fossa
indention on skull where jawbone meets
articulation of the mandibular fossa and the condyloid process of the mandible
temporomandibular joint
hole in the temporal bone extending medially to the inner ear
external auditory meatus
outside ear canal
short canal in petrous portion of the temporal bone extending laterally towards the inner ear-site of nerve entrance
internal auditory meatus
inside skull ear canal
long sharp process of the temporal bone extending inferiorly
styloid process
long, sharp stick bottom side of skull
rounded process of the temporal bone slightly posterior and inferior to the external auditory meatus
mastoid process
rounded off process next to styloid process
located between the two temporal bone processes after which it is named, passageway for facial nerve
stylomastoid foramen
hole between styloid and mastoid processes
dense bony ridge on interior surface of the temporal bone, location of middle and inner ear cavities
petrous portion
wing-like ridge that forms v-shape on inside (back)
located on petrous part of the temporal bone anterior to the jugular foramen
carotid canal
off of styloid process
located on inferior, petrous part of the temporal bone posterior to the carotid canal
jugular foramen
jelly-bean holes near petrous portion, biggest holes next to main hole
most posterior and inferior bone of the skull
"back of head"
runs laterally joining the occipital and parietal bones
lambdoid suture
backmost suture
irregular bone within a cranial suture
sutural bone
some people have them, surrounded by suture
median protrusion on occipital bone superior to foramen magnum
external occipital protuberance
bump on back of head
runs horizontally from external occipital protuberance
superior nuchal line
large opening on the inferior part of the skull
foramen magnum
opening for spinal cord
paired rounded process lateral to the foramen magnum
occipital condyle
flat ridges on either side of foramen magnum
paired foramen posterior to occipital condyle
condyloid canal
holes next to occipital condyles (behind)
paired canal anterior to occipital condyle
hypoglossal canal
"crossing" or "floss between"
bone anterior to foramen magnum joinging occipital to sphenoid
you can grab it with your thumb
butterfly-shaped bone forming the floor of the cranium
frontal cranial area
posterior and inferior to lesser wing on the interior of the sphenoid
greater wing
behind lesser wing
anterior and superior to greater wing on the interior of the sphenoid
lesser wing
very front
fissure between greater and lesser wings of the sphenoid visible from the orbits
superior orbital fissure
larger hole in back of eye socket (top)
fissure in orbit floor between maxilla and greater wing of sphenoid for maxillary division
inferior orbital fissure
larger hole in back of eye socket (bottom)
saddle-like depression posterior to lesser wing
sella turcica
paired cavity located within the sphenoid, inferior to sella turcica
sphenoid sinus
cavity under saddle (only on x-ray)
paird sharp process that laterally and inferiorly projects from the sphenoid
pterygoid process
structures behind top jaw (chunks)
paired opening through lesser wing of the sphenoid for optic nerve
optic foramen
optic foramen above foramen rotundum
paired opening posteriolateral to the sella turcica
foramen lacerum
foramen lacerum->foramen ovale->foremen spinosum
located between the orbits and between sphenoid and nasal bones, forms roof of nasal cavity
superior projection between cribriform plates of the ethmoid bone
crista galli
rooster comb
porous bone surrounding the crista galli in the floor of the cranium through which olfactory nerves transverse
cribriform plate
crib surrounding crista protrusion
numerous cavities within the ethmoid bone
ethmoid sinus
under ethmoid bone
median inferior projection of ethmoid, forms superior nasal septum
perpendicular plate
top inside nose (not seen from back!)
bone comprising inferior nasal septum
bottom nasal, viewable from back
bone that protrudes into the inferior part of the nasal cavity, also known as the inferior turbinate bone
inferior nasal concha
conch shells inside nose
posterior portion fo the hard palate
everything behind the line
paired fused bone of the upper jaw and central face
upper lip area
anterior portion of the hard palate
palatine process
everything in front of the line
paired opening inferior to the orbit
infraorbital foramen
holes below eyes and on cheeks
paired cavity found within the maxilla
maxillary sinus
behind cheekbones
bony portion of the roof of the mouth, includes palatine bone and palatine process of the maxillary bone
hard palate
roof of mouth
paired bone which participates with other zygomatic processin forming the "cheek bone"
see notes in lab manual
paired bone which forms the medial wall of the orbit
tears come out here
opening in the lacrimal bone allowing passage for the tear duct
nasolacrimal canal
where tears would collect
paired bone composing the superior portion (bridge) of nose
lower jaw
the vertical portion of the mandible extending from the angle
extension of body of mandible
anterior process of the mandibular ramus which provides insertion of the temporalis muscle
coronoid process
the most posterior process of the mandibular ramus which contributes to the temporomandibular joint
condyloid process
separates the coronoid from the condyloid process of the ramus
mandibular notch
between two processes
paired opening on the medial surface of the mandibular ramus
mandibular foramen
paired opening on the anterolateral aspect of the mandibular body
mental foramen
holes on outside of body
depression in chin indicating fusion of the two mandibular bodies
mmandibular symphysis
socket in which a tooth is found
alveolar margin
"u-shaped" bone located in the neck, tongue muscle attachment