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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
dictator
Leader who controls a nation by force
fascism
Extreme nationalism and racism
anti-Semitism
Hatred of Jews
totalitarian
State in which a single party and its leader suppress all opposition and control
all aspects of people’s lives
appeasement
Policy used in negotiations, giving one side a portion of what it wants in an
attempt to compromise
blitzkrieg
Swift and fierce military offensive or “lightning war”
Lend-Lease
Act approved by Congress in 1941 that allowed the United States
to sell, lend, or lease arms or other war supplies to any nation
considered “vital to the defense of the United States”
disarmament
Giving up military weapons
mobilization
Military and civilian preparations for war
ration
Limited number of resources or goods that may be purchased
by consumers
internment camp
Detention centers located mostly in desert areas
D-Day
June 6, 1944—the day Allied ships landed on the coast of Normandy, France
genocide
Wiping out an entire group of people
Holocaust
Period of Nazi genocide against Jewish people during which as many as 6 million
Jews died
island hopping
American military strategy for attacking and capturing certain key islands
in the Pacific and using them as bases to move closer to Japan
kamikaze
Suicide pilot who crashes a plane loaded with explosives