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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Absolute Monarch
ruler with complete authority over the government and lives of the people he or she governs
Divine Right
belief that a ruler's authority comes directly from God
Armada
fleet of ships
Levee
morning ritual during which nobles would wait upon King Louis XIV
Intendents
official apponted by French King Louis XIV to govern the provinces, collect taxes, and recruit soldiers
Balance of Power
distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one nationfrom becoming too strong
Dissenters
Protestant whose views and opinions differed with those of the Church of England
Limited Monarchy
government in which a constitution or legislative body limits the monarch's powers
Physiocrats
Enlightenment thinker who searched for natural laws to explain economics
Mercenaries
soldiers serving in a foreign army for pay
Depopulation
reduction in population
Westernization
adoption of western ideas, technology, and culture
Boyars
landowning noble in Russia under the czars
Natural Laws
rule or law that belongs to all humans from birth
Social Contract
agreement by which the people give up their freedom to a powerful government in order to avoid chaos
Philosophes
members of a group of Enlightenment thinkers who tried to apply the methods of science to the improvement of society
Censorship
restriction on accesss to ideas and information
Salons
informal social gathering at which writers, artists and philosophers exchanged ideas; originated in France
Enlightened Despots
absolute ruler who uses power to bring about political and social change
Constitutional Government
government whose power is defined and is limited by law
Prime Minister
head of the cabinet in a parliamentary government; usually the leader of the largest party in the legislature
Oligarchy
governemnt in which ruling power belongs to a few people
Loyalists
colonist who supported Britain during the American Revolution
Cabinet
parliamentary advisors to the king who originally met in a small room, or "cabinet"
Richelieu
appointed chief miniser by Louis XIII; he spent 18 years straightening out the central governement
The Encyclopedia
28 volumes; included articles by leading thinkers of the day and was to be composed of human knowledge
Mary Wollstonecraft
did not believe t hat women's nartural rights were limited to the areas of the home and family. a female philosophe
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
the most controversial philosophe believed that people in their natural right were basically good