Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/55

Click to flip

55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is agnosticism?
The belief that there can be no proof either that God exists or that God does not exist.
what is alms?
Money or goods given as charity to the poor.
what is anti-semitism?
Discrimination against Jews.
what is atheism?
Disbelief in or denial of the existence of God or gods.
what is bar mitzvah?
A 13-year-old Jewish boy, considered an adult and responsible for his moral and religious duties.
what is bat mitzvah?
In Conservative and Reform Judaism, a Jewish girl of 12 to 14 years of age, considered an adult and responsible for her moral and religious duties.
what is blaspheme?
To speak of (God or a sacred entity) in an irreverent, impious manner.
what is brahman?
The holy or sacred power that is the source and sustainer of the universe.
what is caliph?
A leader of an Islamic polity, regarded as a successor of Muhammad and by tradition always male.
what is canonize?
To declare (a deceased person) to be a saint and entitled to be fully honored as such.
what is chanting?
To sing or intone to a chant: chant a prayer.
what is charity?
often Charity Christianity. The theological virtue defined as love directed first toward God but also toward oneself and one's neighbors as objects of God's love.
what is conversion?
A change in which one adopts a new religion, faith, or belief.
what is covenant?
Bible) an agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return (formal agreement)
what is cult?
A religion or religious sect generally considered to be extremist or false, with its followers often living in an unconventional manner under the guidance of an authoritarian, charismatic leader.
what is dharma?
that which is established or firm, steadfast decree, statute, ordinance, law; usage, practice, customary observance or prescribed conduct, duty; right, justice (often as a synonym of punishment); virtue, morality, religion, religious merit, good works,
what is diaspora?
The dispersion of Jews outside of Israel from the sixth century B.C., when they were exiled to Babylonia, until the present time.
what is dogma?
A doctrine or a corpus of doctrines relating to matters such as morality and faith, set forth in an authoritative manner by a church.
what is enlightenment?
A blessed state in which the individual transcends desire and suffering and attains Nirvana
what is faith?
The theological virtue defined as secure belief in God and a trusting acceptance of God's will.
what is hajj?
the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah; at least once in a lifetime a Muslim is expected to make a religious journey to Mecca and the Kaaba; "for a Muslim the hajj is the ultimate act of worship
what is henotheistic?
Belief in one god without denying the existence of others.
what is heresy?
An opinion or a doctrine at variance with established religious beliefs, especially dissension from or denial of Roman Catholic dogma by a professed believer or baptized church member.
what is holy see?
the smallest sovereign state in the world; the see of the Pope (as the Bishop of Rome); home of the Pope and the central administration of the Roman Catholic Church; achieved independence from Italy in 1929
what is icon?
A representation or picture of a sacred or sanctified Christian personage, traditionally used and venerated in the Eastern Church.
what is idol?
An image used as an object of worship.
what is imam?
(Islam) the man who leads prayers in a mosque; for Shiites an imam is a recognized authority on Islamic theology and law and a spiritual guide
what is immanent?
Existing or remaining within; inherent: believed in a God immanent in humans.
what is jihad?
a holy war waged by Muslims against infidels
what is karma?
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
what is kibbutz?
a collective farm or settlement owned by its members in modern Israel; children are reared collectively
what is monistic?
The view in metaphysics that reality is a unified whole and that all existing things can be ascribed to or described by a single concept or system.
The doctrine that mind and matter are formed from, or reducible to, the same ultimate substance or principle of being.
what is monotheism?
belief in a single God
what is moralistic?
Marked by a narrow-minded morality.
what is mystic?
Of or relating to religious mysteries or occult rites and practices.
what is nirvana?
An ideal condition of rest, harmony, stability, or joy.
what is orthodox?
Adhering to the accepted or traditional and established faith, especially in religion
what is polytheism?
Belief in and worship of all gods.
what is parable?
A simple story illustrating a moral or religious lesson.
what is philosophic?
Of, relating to, or based on a system of philosophy
what is pilgrimige?
A long journey or search, especially one of exalted purpose or moral significance.
what is purgatory?
in Roman Catholic theology the place where those who have died in a state of grace undergo limited torment to expiate their sins
what is polytheism?
The worship of or belief in more than one god.
what is prophet?
A person who speaks by divine inspiration or as the interpreter through whom the will of a god is expressed.
what is reincarnation?
Rebirth of the soul in another body.
what is sect?
A religious body, especially one that has separated from a larger denomination
what is secularization?
the activity of changing something (art or education or society or morality etc.) so it is no longer under the control or influence of religion
what is shrine?
place of worship hallowed by association with some sacred thing or person
what is syncretism?
Reconciliation or fusion of differing systems of belief, as in philosophy or religion, especially when success is partial or the result is heterogeneous
what is synod?
A council or an assembly of church officials or churches
what is talmud?
The collection of ancient Rabbinic writings consisting of the Mishnah and the Gemara, constituting the basis of religious authority in Orthodox Judaism.
what is tenet?
An opinion, doctrine, or principle held as being true by a person or especially by an organization
what is transcendent?
beyond and outside the ordinary range of human experience or understanding
what is transubstantion?
In many Christian churches, the doctrine holding that the bread and wine of the Eucharist are transformed into the body and blood of Jesus, although their appearances remain the same.
what is untouchables?
A member of the class that is excluded from and considered unclean and defiling by the four Hindu castes.