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18 Cards in this Set

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EXECUTIVE BRANCH
PART I
THE DEVISION OF TEXAS EXECUTIVE POWER IS LARGLY BASED ON THE JACKSONIAN DEMOCRATIC THEORY THAT MOST MAJOR OFFIHOLDERS SHOULD BE ELECTED. THE AUTHORS OF THE CURRENT TEXAS CONSTITUTION OF POWER IN THE HANDS OF RECONSTRUCTION GOVERNER E.J. DAVIS.
EXECUTIVE BRANCH
PART II
THE CONTINUED PREFERENCE FOR DECENTRALIZED GOVERNMENT BY POWERFUL SPECIAL-INTEREST GROUPS, BUREAUCRATS, THE LEGISLATIVE LEADERSHIP, AND THE GENERAL PUBLIC ENSURES THE CONSTITUTION OF THE WEAK-GOVERNER ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE FOR TEXAS.
MALE
THE GOVERNER IS HISTORICALLY MALE. THE ONLY FEMALE GOVERNER OF TEXAS PRIOR TO ANN RICHARDS (1991-1995) WAS MIRIAM A. FERGUSON, WHO SERVED FOR TWO NONCONSECUTIVE TERMS (1925-1927 AND 1933-1935). AS NOTED IN CHAPTER 1, SHE RAN ON THE SLOGAN,"TWO GOVERNERS FOR THE PRICE OF ONE."
WHO WAS THE FIRST WOMAN TO SERVE AS THE GOVERNING TEXAS CHIEF-EXECUTIVE?
GOVERNER ANN RICHARDS
WHAT IS IMPEACHMENT?
THE LEGISLATIVE EQUIVALENT OF INDICTMENT AND REQUIRES ONLY A SIMPLE MAJORITY OF MEMBERS PRESENT
THE VETO
ONE OF THE GOVERNOR'S MOST POWERFUL FORMAL LEGISLATIVE TOOLS IS THE VETO

VETO-THE EXECUTIVE POWER TO REJECT A PROPOSED LAW UNLESS AN UNUSUAL MAJORITY OF THE LEGISLATURE (USUALLY TWO-THIRDS) VOTES TO OVERRIDE THE GOVERNOR'S OPPOSITION.
THE THREAT OF VETO
THE THREAT OF VETO CAN ALSO BE USED TO CONSOLODATE LOBBY SUPPORT FOR THE GOVERNOR'S LEGISLATIVE PROPOSALS. LOBBYISTS MAY OFFER TO SUPPORT THE GOVERNOR'S POSITION ON LEGISLATION IF THE GOVERNOR WILL AGREE NOT TO VETO A PARTICULAR BILL THAT IS CONSIDERED VITAL TO THE INTERESTS OF THEIR EMPLOYERS.
PRESESSION BARGAINING
IF, BEFORE THE LEGISLATIVE SESSION BEGINS, THE GOVERNOR, THE LEGISLATIVE LEADERSHIP, CONCERNED ADMINISTRATORS, AND SPECIAL INTERESTS GROUPS CAN ARRIVE AT SUCCESSFUL BARGAINS AND COMPROMISES, THE PROSPECT FOR PASSAGE OF A PROPOSAL IS GREATLY ENHANCED.
PRE-BEFORE
SPECIALL SESSIONS
PART I
THE CONSTITUTION GIVES THE GOVERNOR EXCLUSIVE POWER TO CALL THE LEGISLATURE INTO SPECIAL SESSION AND TO DETERMINE THE LEGISLATIVE SUBJECTS TO BE CONSIDERED BY THE SESSION. THE LEGISLATURE MAY, HOWEVER, CONSIDER ANY NON-LEGISLATIVE SUBJECT, SUCH AS...
SPECIAL SESSIONS
PART II
CONFERMATION OF APPOINTMENTS, RESOLUTIONS, IMPEACHMENTS, EVEN IF THE GOVERNOR DOES NOT INCLUDE IT IN THE CALL. SPECIAL SESSIONS ARE LIMITED TO THIRTY DAYS DURATION BUT THE GOVERNOR MAY CALL THEM AS OFTEN AS HE OR SHE WANTS.
APPOINTIVE POWERS
AN EFFECTIVE GOVERNOR WILL USE THE POWER OF APPOITMENT TO THE MAXIMUM PROBABLY THE MOST IMPORTANT APPOINTMENTS THE GOVERNOR MAKES ARE TO THE INDEPENDENT BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS.
SENATORIAL COURTESY
SENATORS ALSO HAVE SOME INFLUENCE OVER APPOINTMENTS FROM THEIR DISTRICTS DUE TO SENATORIAL COURTESY. SENATORS WILL USUALLY REFUSE TO VOTE FOR CONFIRMATION IF A SENATOR ANNOUNCES THAT AN APPOINTEE FROM HIS OR HER DISTRICT IS "PERSONALLY OBNOXIOUS." THE SENATORS THEREBY SHOW COURTESY TO THE DISGRUNTED SENATOR BY REFUSING TO CONFIRM A POLITICAL ENEMY.
TOOLS OF PERSUASION
PART I
THE GOVERNOR'S ABILITY TO INFLUENCE THE MAKING AND EXECUTING OF GOVERNMENT PLICY DEPENDS ON HIS OR HER BARGAINING SKILLS, PERSUASIVENESS, AND ABILITY TO BROKER EFFECTIVELY BETWEEN COMPETING INTERESTS-THE TOOLS OF PERSUASION. THUS THE INFORMAL OR EXTRALEGAL POWERS OF THE OFFICE ARE AS IMPORTANT AS ITS FORMAL OR LEGAL POWER (THOSE GRANTED BY THE CONSTITUTION OR BY LAW)
TOOLS OF PERSUASION
PART II
THE GOVERNOR'S ABILITY TO USE INFORMAL POWER IS LARGELY DETERMINED BY THE EXTENT OF THE FORMAL POWERS.
MORE TOOLS OF PERSUASION
YET SOME TEXAS GOVERNORS HAVE BEEN ABLE TO EXERT SIGNIFICANT INFLUENCE ON POLICY FORMULATION AND EVEN ON POLICY EXECUTION WHEN THE FORMAL AND INFORMAL POWERS ARE ENHANCED BY A FORTUNATE BLENDING OF OTHER CONDITIONS SUCH AS A STRONG PERSONALITY, PLITICAL EXPERTISE, PRESTIGE, A KNACK FOR PUBLIC RELATIONS, AND POLITICAL DRAMA AND SIMPLY GOOD LUCK.
INFLUENCE-PERSUASION
LEGISLATIVE TOOLS OF PERSUASION
IRONICALLY, THE MOST INFLUENCIAL BARGAINING TOOLS THE TEXAS GOVERNOR HAS ARE LEGISLATIVE. HOW THESE TOOLS ARE USED LARGLY DETERMINES THE GOVERNOR'S EFFECTIVENESS.
COMPENSATION
THE GOVERNOR'S SALERY IS SET BY THE LEGISLATURE. AT PRESENT, IT IS $115, 345 YEARLY AND STANDS IN MARKED CONTRAST TO THE LOW SALERIES PAID TO LEGISLATORS.
IMPEACHMENT
THE GOVERNOR MAY BE REMOVED FROM OFFICE ONLY BY IMPEACHEMENT BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AND CONVICTION BY THE SENATE. CONVICTION BY THE SENATE REQUIRES A TWO-THIRDS MAJORITY. IF THE OFFICE IS VACATED, THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR; NEXT IN THE LINE OF SUCCESSION IS THE PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE OF THE SENATE