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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was the 14th amendment?
-kept people from holding political office if they served in the Confederacy until they were approved by office
-cancelled Confederacy's debt
-"All persons born in the U.S. are citizens of the U.S."
What was the 15th amendment?
-governments in the United States may not prevent a citizen from voting because of his race, color, or previous condition of servitude (slavery).
What was the 16th amendment?
-The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
What is physical geography?
climate, vegetation, rivers, lakes, oceans, plateaus, plains, mountain ranges
What is human geography?
things people do, economic activities, farming, mining
What was Stephen F. Austin's arrest?
-Austin left Mexico after a meeting with Santa Anna (1833)
-At Satillo, he was arrested. Farias intercepted his letter and thought it challenged the authority of the Mexicn government
-He was accused of treason but was never officially tried in court
What was Stephen F. Austin's release?
-He was imprisoned in Mexico for a year
-Released by 2 lawyers in 1834
-Remained under house arrest
-1835 returned to Tx
What was the Runaway Scrape?
-After hearing of Santa Anna's advance and Houston's retreat, many settlers abandoned their homes and fled
-some fled as far as Louisiana
-others stopped in eastern settlements (Nacogdoches and Galveston Island)
-Dilue Harris(10)
What were names of groups that fought in the Civil War from Texas?
-Texas Brigade (later called Hood's Texas Brigade)
-Terry's Texas Rangers
-Ross's Brigade
-Army of Northern Virginia
-Army of Tennesse
-Amry of the Trans-Mississsippi
What was the Fredonian Rebellion?
Edwards led a small group to Nacogdoches (1826) declaring independence, waving flags
-Group took over the Old Stone Fort
-Occupied building for a month
-Spanish forces heard and began marching to Fredonia
-Group gave up before they got there
What were the effects of the Constituion of 1824?
-established a states rights government
-placed the province of Texas in the Mexican state of Coahuila de Tejas
What were the effects of the Law of April 6, 1830?
-passed in efforts to control Texas colonists, especially Anglos
-outlawed immigration from U.S. to Texas
-cancelled all empresarial grants that had not been fulfilled
-slaves could no longer be brought to Mexico to work in the fields for Anglo American colonists
What is a physical map?
a general-purpose map that shows the natural features of an area
What is a political map?
a general-purpose map that shows recognized boundaries in an area
What is a physical political map?
a general-purpose map that shows both the topography and recognized boundaries of an area
What was the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?
-signed on Feb. 2, 1848
-secured peace between U.S. and Mexico
-Mexico agreed that Texas would be a part of the U.S.
-Mexico surrendered land between TX and the Pacific
-U.S. paid Mexico 15 million
What are states rights?
The theory that a state could choose whether to obey or enforce federal laws
How did Texas get out of debt after the Civil War?
1 of 4 requirements--cancel all war debts for reconstruction (Andrew Johnson's plan)
Why did Mexico abolish slavery?
They hoped it would slow immigration to Texas
What was the influence of railroads in Texas?
-by early 1900s, goods could be shipped from Texas to almost anywhere in the U.S.
-this encouraged farmers to buy land for large, commercial farms
-Railroad companies sold land on either side of the tracks to farmers and buisnesses
-Many bustling cities grew along railroads
-farming began expanding into West Texas