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30 Cards in this Set

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Patient is having trouble peeing. what steps can you do to help in this regard?
run water in the background
run warm water on wrist
peppermint odor in the air
PRIVACY is what Marsha emphasized use bathroom, not a curtain
*************************
How do you collect urine speciman from a baby?
a plastic collection bag with an adhessive ring around it for both sexes.
Is a first catch in the catheter bag, can that be used for a U&A?
yes, because its a closed system, and its sterile
is a condom catheter a sterile technique?
yes
The creatinine urine test measures
the amount of creatinine in urine.

A measurement of the serum creatinine level is used to evaluate kidney function. Urine creatinine levels can be used as a screening test to evaluate kidney function, or as part of the creatinine clearance test.
whens the best time to get a urine sample?
in the AM, first thing AM
what is random urine for?
drug testing
what is routine and random?
same thing. a clean catch, that's it. clean the meatus, start peeing, catch it mid stream and don't get the last of stream b/c it drips off your body contaminating it
what is a rotatin urine specimen?
catch 1
catch 2
catch 3
then throw oldest away and continue like this
what is a double voided urine test?
like a glucose tolerent test for keytones.
how do you get a sterile urine specimen?
using a straight catheter

needle in the foley
what is a urine culture and sensitivty test?
common test to see if bacteria is present in pee. it has to grow for 72 hours.
can you get a urine specimen from a bedpan
no best done with a clean -voided specimen while using the toliet
whats the best way to do this clean catch anyway?
educate the patient and give him his privacy
what about pregnant / women?
how close are they to menses

blood in urine from menses or being pregnant will screw up urine test
urine pH runs around 4.6 - 8.0 average. what is this base or acid?
this is acid which is what you want in a bladder! it kills bacteria. Old pee b/c base and therefore more prone to UTI. Smell urine. if it smells like baking soda, its base and prone to UTI.
what is creatinie clearence test for?
measures for endogenous creatinine, used for evaluating the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) breakdown....headed for a UTI!
if MD orders a residual urine, whats this about?
you use a bladder scanner, 50 mL is a post void, to check for UTI I guess
what are normal ranges in a urinalysis and tests for?
pH
blood
specific gravity
WBCs
what is specific gravity?
weight or concentration of stuff compared to equal amts of water. So this would measure this way the suspension of dissolved substances in the urine, determines client's fluid balance.
what is renin?
hormone made in kidneys. regulates blood flow in times of renal ischemia (decreased blood flow)
what is oliugria?
diminshed capacity to form urine
what is dysuria?
painful urination
what is nocturia
excessive night peeing
what is residual urine?
older people bladder can't retract all the way, pee is retained, causes UTIs
what does color of urine mean?
how concentrated urine is. Usually more concentrated in morning b/c of fluid defecits. it pales up as the day goes along
what kind of thing can make urine red other than blood?
eating rasberries, beets, rhubarb. Pyridium, a urinary analgesic makes pee orange. analgestic is for pain
what does odor indicate in urine?
more concentrated, the stronger the odor.
what kind of thing can make urine red other than blood?
eating rasberries, beets, rhubarb. Pyridium, a urinary analgesic makes pee orange. analgestic is for pain
what does odor indicate in urine?
more concentrated, the stronger the odor.