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15 Cards in this Set

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A condition in which we have not yet begun to question the origins, nature, and dependability of our information.
Epistemic Naivete
What are 4 questions that are asked concerning epistemic naivity?
1.) How can we determine which facts are true?
2.) How can we determine which facts are important?
3.) On what criteria can we decide what are facts and what are false claims?
4.) What criteria can we use for deciding what is more important and what is less important?
What four sources does everything we know originate from?
1.) Senses
2.) Intuition
3.) Authority
4.) Reason
What is the primary source of all knowledge?
Our own senses (learning by doing)
Senses that tell us about the external world (they give us a great deal of data that we put to immediate use in our assessment of real objects/events taking place at close range.)
Objective senses
Senses that inform us about our inner world. (Senses that line the inside of our bodies).
Subjective senses
Knowledge of history, knowledge of sciences, and knowledge of society refer to what source of knowledge?
Authority
What philosophical view does the author have on knowledge of others (authority)?
Depending on ourselves rather than on others will help us avoid relying upon unreliable and unhelpful opinions of others and these dependencies will "get in the way of our taking charge of our lives and making our own decisions."
What are the two major forms of reasoning?
Deduction and induction
Fill in the blank:
If one ___ correctly what the premises ___, then the inference (conclusion) is said to be ___.
Infers
Imply
Valid
An inductive hypothesis with apparant validity; the weakness of induction results primarily from our failing to realize the induction can only result in this type of knowledge.
Probable knowledge
"Of all the disorder-to-order converters, the human mind is by far the most impressive. The human's most powerful metaphysical drive is to understand, to order, to sort out, and rearrange in ever more orderly and understandably concstructive ways."
Buckminster Fuller
What are the weaknesses of intuition?
The insights that the sources of knowledge produce are as likely to be wrong as right; intuitive fact-claims must be double checked before credentials are issued.
Qualities that are "utterly inseperable from the body" (the body of a real physical object).
Primary qualities
Qualities that possess the "power" to produce in us certain qualities such as: color, odors, tastes, and so on; they are to be located entirely in experience; they are not qualities of material objects.
Secondary qualities