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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
constitutional court
a federal court exercising the judicial powers found in the Constitution and where judges are protected
district court
the lowest federal courts where federal cases begin
court of appeals
the dederal courts with authority to review decisions by district courts
legislative court
a court that is created by congress for some specialized reason
litmus test
test of ideological purity
jurisdiction
the authority to make a decision
writ of certorari
an order issued by a higher court to a lower court to send up the record of a case for review
brief
a legal document prepared by an attorney representing a party before court
amicus curiae
interested groups or individuals not directly involved in a suit, who may file legal briefs or make oral arguments in support of one side
judicial review
the power of the judicial to declare acts of the legislature and of the executive to be unconstitutional
strict constructionist approach
the view that judges should decide case of the basis of the language of the constitution
activist approach
the view that judges discern the underlying principles of the constitution
marbury vs madison
the supreme courts landmark decision that provoked the use of judicial review
dred scott case
a runaway slave who was caught in the north and filed a suit in which ended up in the supreme court
stare decisis
let the decision stand - provokes the court to use judicial precedents
live controversy rule
a case can only be put forth if it deals with a real life problem and cannot deal with hypothetical questions
standing to sue
has to effect the person directly