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40 Cards in this Set

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differentiate b/t a patient's need and a patient's problems?
patient needs water, food, shower

problems are like they can't go to work, pay the bills
differentiate b/t an actual problem & a potential problem?
actual problems are immediate problems

potential problems are what could happen
state what must be included in a 3 part nursing diagnosis?
the diagnosis statement. Which is the problem, the related factors, which are the cause of the issue, and the third as manifested by the condition, like an open sore.
differentiate b/t a medical diagnosis and a nursing diagnosis?
Medical diagnosis is a diagnosis of the disease

Nursing diagnosis indicates a patient's response to disease
describe a collaborated problem?
look on page 313
****************************
Immunity is ...
state of responsiveness to foreign substances
3 functions to immunity
defense:

Homeostatis:

Surveillance:
there are properties to immunity:
speicifity. what is this?
specific antibodies
there is immune memory. what is this?
remembers an antigen
there is self recognition. what is this?
auto antibodies
what is immunity specialization?
different reactions
2 types of immunity
natural or acquired

whats the difference?
natural or innate is NOT produced by immune system, no contact with antigens
wha is acquired immunity?
developed actively or passively
active acquired is by a response to antigens
natural from disease
artifical immunization
takes time but is long lasting
what about passive acquired, which host receives antibodies
natural: across placental
artifical: gamma globlin
begins stat but is short lived
name some physical barriers in immmune system
skin
cough
sneeze
cilia
what are some chemical barriers in immune systme?
hydrocloric acid in tummy
ph of vagina
substances in sweat
enzymes in tears/salvia
White Blood Cells are ...
phagocytes macrophages
what are granulocytes?
release cell mediators that fight invaders
lympocytes: B&T cells fight infection
the inflammatory response is a response to tissue injury or invaders. what or how does this work?
minimize blood loss
wall of invading organisms
activate phagocytes
regeneration of injured tissue
what is antitoxin?
solution of antibodyies from animal serum! (passive immunity)
what is a vaccine?
live, weakened or killed organisms
what is a toxid?
a toxin but made non toxic, still able to stimulate antibodies
what is immune globulin?
human serum...rich in antibodies
Recombinant DN is ...
gene splicing to make a new protein,
what is an antigen?
substance the elicts an immune response (most are proteins)
there are components to the immune sytem like the lympoid organs regarded as central and peripheral organs. what are central immune organs?
thymus and bone marrow are central immune organs
what are peripheral immune organs and things?
tonsils
gut
genital
bronchial
skin
what is an antigen?
substance the elicts an immune response (most are proteins)
what is an antigen?
substance the elicts an immune response (most are proteins)
what do the spleen and lymph nodes do?
filter foreign stuff from the blood...keep us safe from the enviroment
there are components to the immune sytem like the lympoid organs regarded as central and peripheral organs. what are central immune organs?
thymus and bone marrow are central immune organs
there are components to the immune sytem like the lympoid organs regarded as central and peripheral organs. what are central immune organs?
thymus and bone marrow are central immune organs
what are some components of the immune system. Mononuclear phagocytes are one. what else?
monocytes in the blood
macrophages found thru out body
what are peripheral immune organs and things?
tonsils
gut
genital
bronchial
skin
what are peripheral immune organs and things?
tonsils
gut
genital
bronchial
skin
what do the spleen and lymph nodes do?
filter foreign stuff from the blood...keep us safe from the enviroment
what do the spleen and lymph nodes do?
filter foreign stuff from the blood...keep us safe from the enviroment
what are some components of the immune system. Mononuclear phagocytes are one. what else?
monocytes in the blood
macrophages found thru out body
what are some components of the immune system. Mononuclear phagocytes are one. what else?
monocytes in the blood
macrophages found thru out body