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11 Cards in this Set

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Frame of Reference Training
Used to improve rater accuracy by teaching raters to focus on the various characteristics and requirements that contribute to good job performance.
Outcomes of Sue's study (1991) re. ethnic matching of therapist and client
Improves therapy outcomes and reduces premature termination for Asian-American and Mexican-American clients but has less of an effect on these variables for African-American clients.
Research on the approach-avoidance conflict has found that:

a. the negative and positive qualities of the goal continue to become increasingly similar in strength the closer you get to the goal.
b. the closer you get to the goal, the stronger the negative qualities of the goal and the weaker the positive qualities.
c. the closer you get to the goal, the weaker the negative qualities of the goal and the stronger the positive qualities.
d. the strength of the negative and positive qualities of the goal continue to increase the closer you get to the goal, but the strength of the negative qualities increases more.
D. As the distance between you and your goal decreases, the strength of the approach response and avoidance response increases. However, the "avoidance gradient" is steeper than the "approach gradient" so that, eventually, the avoidance response is much stronger.
A child receives a Performance IQ score that is higher than her Verbal IQ score on the WISC-III. When interpreting this difference, it is important to keep in mind that:

a. the difference is not significant unless it is 20 points or more.
b. the difference may be significant if it is 12 points or more.
c. the difference may be significant if it is 12 points or more and the scatter on the Perforance subtests is less than 9 points and the scatter on the Verbal subtests is less than 7 points.
d. the difference may be signifcant if it is 18 points or more and the scatter on the Performance subtests is 9 points or more and the scatter on the Verbal substests is 7 points or more.
C. In general, a 12 point difference between Verbal IQ and Performance IQ on the WISC-III is considered significant. For example, a Performance IQ that is 12 or more points higer than the Verbal IQ might indicate autism, a learning disability, or delinquency. However, if there is also wide scatter of the Verbal and/or Performance subtest scores, the difference between Verbal and Performance IQ may be meaningless.
High risk factors for adolescent suicide
* Depression
* Hostile, Aggressive, and antisocial behaviors
* Substance abuse
You would consider a diagnosis of Borderline Intellectual Functioning for an adolescent if his score on the Wechsler IQ test is between ________ standard deviations below the mean.

a. .5 and 1.0
b. 1.0 and 2.0
c. 2.0 and 3.0
d. 3.0 and 4.0
B. As defined in DSM-IV, Borderline Intellectual Functioning requires an IQ score in the range of 71 to 84. On the Wechsler IQ tests, the mean is 100 and the standard deviation is 15. This means that a score of 71 is slightly less than two standard deviations below the mean, and a score of 84 is slightly more than one standard deviation below the mean.
Secondary Memory -
Whose better with it?
Elderly subjects or Younger subjects.
We can all "look forward" to memory problems in old age. These problems are most apparent in secondary (recent long-term) memory and working memory and appear to be due to less spontaneous use of efficient encoding strategies. The good news is that the studies also show that you can teach old dogs new tricks (in this case, encoding strategies).
Uses of Neuroleptics
The neuroleptic (antipsychotic) drugs are used to treat Schizophrenia and are most effective for reducing the positive symptoms of this disorder such as hallucination, delusions, an agitation.
Retroactive vs. Proactive interference
Retroactive interference occurs when your ability to recall X is difficult because of interference by something you learned after X. The longer the period of time between X and being tested on it, the greater the opportunity for retroactive interference. Proactive interference occurs when the ability to recall X is impaired by previously learned material. Retroactive and Proactive interference are most likely to be a problem for information that is not inherently meaningful, which would be the case for a set of unrelated words.
R.I. goes back and interferes with previously learned.
P.I. goes forward and interferes with yet to be learned material.
Following a stroke, a patient exhibits right hemiplegia. Other symptoms are likely to include:
a. speech-language deficits and slow-cautious behavior style.
b. spatial-perceptual deficits and slow-cautious behavior style.
c. speech-language deficits and quick-impulsive behavior style.
d. spatial-perceptual deficits and quick-impulsive behavior style.
A. Note that the individual has right-sided hemiplegia, which makes the left side of the brain the area that has been affected. This should have helped you narrow the choices down to responses a and c since the left side of the brain is responsible for language. Left hemisphere damage is associated with a slow-cautious behavioral style (and right hemisphere damage is associated with a quick-impulsive style).
Memory deficits in depression vs. Memory deficits in Dementia
In Depression - recall memory is affected but recognition memory is not.
In Dementia - recall and recognition memory are both impaired.