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175 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
bucca
cheeks
3 functions of the Toungue
Speech, to move food and, to taste
functions of teeth
to chew ( mastication )
Incisors
(8) for front teeth
canines/ cuspids
(4) the longer teeth
bitting and tearing
premolars/ bicuspids
(8) behind the cuspids
chewing and grinding
molars
(12) wisdom teeth
dentition
natural teeth
edentulous
the do not have there natural teeth
gigiva
gums
palate
top of your mouth
uvula
is the pink tissue in the back of the mouth
salicary glands
secrete siliva
pharynx
throat
trachea
where the air goes
esophagus
the tube that connects the throat to the stomach
cardiac sphincter
ring of muscle keeps the contence of the stomach from going back to the esophagus
e[og;pttos
lid of the trachea
Stomach function
machaicly and chemicaly breaks the food down
fudus
top
body
the middle
antrum
the lower
vagotomy
making an incision in the vagus nerve
pylorus
is a tube between the stomach and duodenum
pyloric spincter
controls the amount of food into the stomach to the duodenum
Small intestines
the Parts
duodenum
ileum
jejunum
large intestines
cecum
colon
sigmoid colon
rectum
liver
makes bile
bilirubin
waste product from red blood cells
pancreas
panceatic juices
gallbladder
stores the bile
bile ducts
transports the bile
hepatic duct
takes the bile from the liver
cystic duct
takes the bile from the gallbladderq
common bile ducts
where the two merge together and then takes the bile to the duodunum
bruxism
involentary grinding of teeth
aphtous stomatitis
the contense of the stomach is going back to the esophogus
herpes labialis
fever blister
esophageal reflux
the contence of the stomach is going back to the esophagus
pyrosis
heart burn
ulcer
reoding away of tissue
gastric ulcer
in the stomach
paptic ulcer
ulcer in the stomach at duodunum
perforated ulcer
creates holes
hernia
the body part gets let out of its boudary
inguinal hernia
groin
hiatal hernia
the stomach gets into the diaphragm
umbilical hernia
naval
adhesion
abnormal sticking together of tissue
ilius
blocking of intestine
polyp
growth usually benine
hepatitis A
inflamation of liver
hepatitis B
contamiated blood
diverticulosis
condition of having diverticua
anorexia
loss of appetite
anorexia nervosa
people don't want to eat
ascites
accumulation of fluid
bulimia
person what to loss weight by beng eating
cleft palate
fissue of crack in the roof of the mouth
crphn's disease
cronic inflammation of intestines
cirrhosis
a liver disease liver cells are falling apart
deghrtition
swallowing
eructation
the gas is coming out the mouth
burp
flatus
gas comes out the anus
fart
halitosis
bad breath
melena
dark stools
peristalisis
wavelike motion
regurgtation
the contence of the stomach back into the mouth
Lower GI
inserting the barium through the anus
upper GI
you swallow the barium
stomach, esophagus, duodunum
EGD
isual examintion through the mouth
EGD
visual examination of through the mouth
occult blood
hiden blood
anastomosis
putting 2 tubes together
colostomy
opening in the colon
antacid
against acid
antiemetics
against vomiting
laxatives, cathartics, purgatives
promotes bowel movements
gavage
a feeding tube
lavage
cleaning out
ac
before meals
bid
twice a day
hs
at bedtime
NPO
nothin by mouth
pc
after meals
PO
orally by mouth
PRN
as required
qd
every day
qh
every hour
q2h
every 2 hours
qid
four times a day
qod
every other day
stat
immediately
tid
three times a day
Dx
diagnosis
BM
bowel movement
GI
gastrointestinal
IV
intravenou
PE
physical examination
nasopharynx
behind the nose
pharyngeal tonsil
adenoids
oropharynx
behind the mouth
palatine tonsiles
tonsiles
earyngopharynx
voice box
bronchioles
small bronchi
alveoli
air sacs
lobes
right lung has 3 left lung has 2
apex
top lung
hilum
middle lung
base
bottom lung
mediastinum
area between the lungs
pleura
membrane around the lungs
diaphragm
important for breathing
COPD
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COLD
chronic obstructive lung disease
chronic bronchitis
expectorants- makes you cou it up
emphysema
the air sac will expand but not retract
orthopnea
straightreathing
pleural effusions
extra amount of fluid
bronchopneumonia
influmation in the lungs
lobar pneumonia
infection is in one lobe
double pneumonia
both lungs
cystic fibrosis
lungs and effects the whole body
viscous
think like mucus
RDS
respiratory distress syndrome

hyline membrane disease
IRDS
infant surfuctant not enough
ARDS
adult respiratory distress syndrome
Croup
respritor condition
barking cough
AP
anteroposterior
CO2
carbon dioxide
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CXR
Chest radiograph
Hx
history
02
oxygen
PA
posteroanterior
SOB
shortness of breath
T&A
Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
TPR
temperature, pulse and respiration
URI
upper respiratory infection
arrest
the condition of being stopped or being at rest
bruit, murmur
soft blowing sound heard on ausculation
cardiomyophaty
any disease of heart mescle not caused by an impairment of coronay circulation.
coarctation
narrowing of a vessel
congestive heart failure
failure of the heart to supply an adequate amount of blood to tissues and organs
fibrillation
quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions
hemostasis
arrest of bleeding or ciculation
hypertension
excessive amounts of lipids in the blood
mitral valve prolapse (MVP)
common and occasionally serious condition in which the leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse into the left artrium
patent
opening
thrombus
blood clot
cardiac catheterization
passage of a catheter into the heart through a vein or artery to evaluate valve function
coronary angiography
radiological examination of the blood vesels
echocardiography
noninvasive diagnostic method that uses ultrasound to visualize internal cardiac structures and produce images of the heart
doppler
noninvasice adaptation of ultrasound technology in which blood flow velocity is assessed in different areas of the heart
Holter monitor test
ECG taken with a small portable recording system capable of storing up to 24 hours of ECG tracings.
stress test
ECG taken under controlled exercise stress conditions
phlebotomy
incision of a vien
infusion
introdution of fluid into the body
beta blockers
agents used to relieve cardiac arrhythmias
diuretics
agents that reduce body fluid volume by stimulating urine flow
heparin
anticoagulant produced by liver cells and found in tissue
tissue plasmiongen (TPA)
used to dissolve blood clots responsiblefor MIs
ASHD
arteriosclerotic heart disease
BBB
bundle branch block
BP
blood pressure
CAD
coronary artery disease
CCU
coronary care unit
CHF
congestive heart failure
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
ECG, EKG
electrocardiogram
ICU
intensive care unit
MI
myocardial infarction
MVP
mitral valve prolapse
PAT
paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
PTCA
percutaneous transluminal coronary agoiplasty