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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
FR2, FR3, FR4, and FR5 are the schedules for ___________.
A theory that assumes that species-typical consummatory responses involve a particular type of reinforcer is _____________.
In the chain of behaviors, FR5 turns into __________.
The critical feature in interval schedules is the ________ of when you make the response.
____________ are the most salient aspect of shaping human behavior.
Schedules of reinforcement
Sd1- _______ -Sr1~{leads to} _________.
P1, Sd2
One way to ensure that the performer doesn't suffer ratio strain is to ________ the schedule of reinforcement out.
If you get so mad you want to hurt someone else, this is an example of __________.
schedule induced aggression
_____ is a schedule of used for shaping.
__________ are the schedules for stabilization.
In the Premack Principle, a _________ frequency behavior is made contingent upon a ___________ frequency behavior.
What schedules of reinforcement are you on when you place a call _________.
The stimulus that indicates that the performance will now be reinforced is the ________ stimulus.
In the chain of behaviors, the _______ follows the performance.
When the behavior is no longer reinforced it is called ___________.
________ _________ are schedules that require a fixed number of behaviors for a single reinforcer.
Fixed ratio
If a student takes an course in which four exams determine his/her grade and the dates of those exams are listed on a syllabus at the beginning of the semester the student's study habits, if charted on a graph, will most likely be a _________.
fixed interval scallop
Both fixed ratio and fixed interval have a post reinforcement pause, but it is more notable in __________.
fixed ratio
The amount of time between responses is the ____________.
interresponse time
_____________ is reduced sensitivity of the choice behavior to the relative rates of reinforcement.
The instrumental response occurs in the presence of __________, and results in the delivery of _____________.
distinctive stimuli, reinforcer outcome
Modern two-process theory assumes that there are two distinct types of learning, _________ and ____________.
Pavlonian and instrumental conditioning
With response deprivation even a _________-probability response can be used to reinforce a ________-probability response.
low, high
The instrumental response occurs in the presence of __________, and results in the delivery of _____________.
distinctive stimuli, reinforcer outcome
Classically conditioned stimuli elicit not only _______ states, but also _______ responses.
emotional, overt
A law of behavior, _____________, states that the relative rate of responding on an alternative matched the relative rate of reinforcement on that alternative.
the matching law
________require that the organism respond at a particular rate to get reinforced.
Response-rate schedules
The subject that shows mostly short IRTs will be responding at a _________ rate.
The interval between one response and the next is called the ___________.
interresponse time IRT
________ and _________ maintain steady rates of responding.
The bliss point provides the _________ for the instrumental behavior.
__________ is the spice of life.
The term _________ refers to making something better.
The longer the reinforcer is delayed, the __________ its value.
A _______ schedule favors short IRTs, and ___________ schedules favor long IRTs.
ratio, interval
A __________ is when the shaper requires one performance in the given amount of time or he/she will withold the reinforcer.
limited hold
A __________ schedule allows for continuous measurement of choice because the organism is free to change back and forth between the response alternatives at any time.
A mechanic who can't tell you how long it will take to fix your car has imposed a __________ schedule on you.
A subject that favors mostly _________ IRTs will be responding at a low rate.
Different schedules of reinforcement allow for ________________.
schedule induced behavior
If you are scheduled to see a show at 7pm, and at 7:10pm you begin to chant, "we want show, we want show!" This is an example of ____________.
schedule induced behavior
Interval schedules are most closely associated with ________, while ratio schedules are most often associated with __________.
sense of time, counting and spatial memory
The __________ can be identified by the relative frequency of occurrence of all the responses of an organism in an unconstrained situation.
behavioral bliss point
The __________ theory attributes reinforcement to species typical behavior.
consummatory response
Three events must be considered in an analysis of instrumental conditioning: 1)_________, 2)___________, 3)____________.
the stimulus context, the intrumental response, and the response outcome.`
When comparing a variable ratio schehdule, to a fixed ration schedule, a variable ration schedule has a ________ sloping line, more behavior, and more _________ behavior.
steeper, consistent
_________ and _________ schedules produce high rates of responding just before the delivery of the next reinforcer.
_________ is when the relative rate of responding is more sensitive to relative rate of reinforcement than what is predicted by perfect matching.
___________ assume that organisms always chose whichever response alternative is most likely to be reinforced at the time.
Molecular theories of maximizing
____________ assume that organisms distribute their responses among various alternatives in order to maximize the amount of reinforcement they earn over the long run.
Molar theories of maximization