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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
gastritis
Inflammation of the stomach
aphagia
Inability to swallow
diplopia
Double vision
etiology
The study of the causes of disease
homeostasis
The state of dynamic equilibrium of the internal environment of the body.
diaphram
Muscle that separates the abdomen from the thoracic cavity
neoplastic
New growth, usually in reference to cancer
stomatitis
Inflammation of the mouth
hypodermic
under the skin, as in a hypodermioc injection
postmortem
After death
prognosis
Prediction of the course and end of a disease, and the estimate of chance for recovery
pathogenic
Productive of disease. Origin of disease
peritoneum
membrane lining the abdominal cavity
sign
Visible manifestation of a disease or illness by an observer. Objective
nephritis
Inflammation of the kidney
contraindicated
inappropriate to treatment
malaise
weakness, fatigue, listlessness
pathogen
microorganism that causes disease
iatrogenic
illness/injury caused by medical treatment
symptom
changes in the body as perceived by the patient. Subjective.
aphasia
No speech
postrandial
following a meal
morbid
diseased
histology
microscopic study of the tissues.
idiopathic
Pertaining to illnesses who cause is either uncertain or as yet undetermined.
pathogenesis
The origin or development of a disease
epidermis
the outermost layer of the skin.
-plasty
surgical repair
-tripsy
surgical crushing
-penia
decrease, deficiency
-algia
pain
-stomy
opening (mouth)
-genesis
origin
hypo-
under
infra-
below, under
eu-
good
mal-
bad
post-
after
-centisis
puncture and aspiration
-iasis
state or condition
-philia
love for, craving for, tendency toward
-plasia
formation or growth
-tomy
incision
-logy
Study of
Hyper-
above, excessive, beyond
supra-
above, beyond, or on the top side
para-
near, beside, past, beyond, opposite, abnormal, irregular, two like parts
neo-
new, recent
-desis
binding, fixation
-oid
indicating resemblance to the item designated in the first part of the word.
-megaly
enlargement
-emisis
vomiting
-poiesis
formation, production
-logist
specialist
Brady-
slow
epi-
upon, over, at, in addition to, after.
dys-
bad
pan-
all
a-/an-
without, away from, not
-pexy
fixation (surgical)
-osis
condition, status
-dynia
pain
-oma
tumor mass
-lysis
loosen or dissolve
-ectomy
excision of any anatomical structure
tachy-
rapid, swift
uni-
one
homo-
the same or a likeness
ante-
before
pre-
before
Elements of a word
1. Word Root
2. Combining Form
3. Suffix
4. Prefix
Word Root
Core of medical word, contains the fundamental meaning of the word.
Combining Form
Word root with a vowel, usually an "o"
Suffix
Element at the end of a word, usually means procedure, conditiion, disease or part of speech.
Prefix
Element at the beginning of a word. Usually means a number, tim, positionm, direction, or negation.
Planes of the body
1. Midsagital (median)
2. Coronal (frontal)
3. Transverse (horizontal)
Midsagittal Plane
Right and left halves
Coronal (frontal)
Anterior (ventral) and posterior (dorsal) aspects
Transverse (horizontal)
Superior (upper) and inferior (lower) aspects
Dorsal
Cranial and Spinal
Ventral
Thoracic and Abdominopelvic
Cranial main organ(s)
Brain
Spinal main organ(s)
Spine
Thoracic main organ(s)
Heart, lungs and associted structures
Abdominopelvic main organ(s)
Digestive, excretory, and reproductikve organs and structures.
Types of Tissue
1. Epithelial
2. Connective
3. Muscle
4. Nervous
To define medical words, you usually start with
the word root
Arthr/o is an example of
A combining form
Adsternal means
near or towards the sternum
Abduction means
lateral movement of the limbs AWAY from the median plane of the body.