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14 Cards in this Set

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A state of complete physical, mental, and social well being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity” (WHO, 1947)
Health
Group of people who have common characteristics; can be defined by location, race, ethnicity, age, occupation, interest, or other common bond
Community
1. Membership
2. Common symbol system
3. Shared values and norms
4. Mutual influence
5. Shared needs and commitment
6. Shared emotional connection
Characteristics of communities:
what we as a society do collectively to assure the conditions in which people can be healthy” (IOM, 1988)
Public health
– the health status of a defined group of people and the actions and conditions to promote, protect, and preserve their health
Community health
the health status of people who are not organized and have no identity as a group or locality and the actions and conditions to promote, protect, and preserve their health
Population health
Individual actions and decision-making that affect the health of an individual or his or her immediate family
Personal health activities
Those aimed at protecting or improving the health of a population or community
Community health activities
industrial development, community size, environment, geography
Physical factors
beliefs, traditions, and prejudices; economics; politics; religion; socioeconomic status; social norms
Social and cultural factors
identify problem, mobilize resources, work toward change
Community organization
takes the concerted effort of many—if not most—to improve community health
Individual behaviors
Leading cause of death
Increase in obesity
Better control of behavioral risk factors, e.g., poor diet, inactivity, smoking, abuse of alcohol & drugs
Lifestyle Diseases
Morbidity
Re-emerging, emerging, and drug-resistant diseases
Crossover diseases from animals
Use of pathogens for terrorism
Communicable Diseases