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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Axis Mundi
Center of Existence
Symbol
Something concrete that stands for something abstract
Taboo
Prohibition from approaching the sacred
Communion
Evoking God, or gods in a community
Hogan
house of Navajo
Hohzho
Idea of Beauty and Harmony (belief of Navajo)
Totems
Animals or objects sacred to a person or gorup of people
Sacred
set apart
Profane
ordinary world
Secular
worldly (i.e materialism etc.)
Anthropomorphism
Human characteristics applied to a non-human object (same as personification)
hierophany
something sacred revealing itself to us
fideism
faith must precede knowledge
ascetic
person who lives a self-denying life
animism
belief that all things have a soul or spirit
Analogy
similarity between things otherwise unlike
archetypal
original pattern, or model from which other things such as institutions, beliefs, and behavior are patterned.
catharsis
cleansing or purging
Functionalism
Method applied to the study of religion that is not interesten in the history or evolution of religions but rather focuses on how religion functions in a particular social or cultural context
normative
measure or standard by which other beliefs or practices are to be judged
omniscient
having infinite knowledge
omnipotent
all-powerful
ontological
nature of being
Finitude
Limits
Ritual
Religion in Action
(Catergories of Religion)


Basic Form
The traditional and oral that applies to all religions. (Primitive) basically the foundations of religion
Cultural Form
Religion that is tied closely to a specific culture
Super cultural Form
Religion that transcends geographic bounds
Cults Form
Religious groups outside of organized or established religions. Cults/Splinter groups are looking for more spiritual and emotional fulfillment. Their leaders are charismatic and authoritative.
Belief
Statements that are accepted as truth
Mysterium
Experience of a reality that is beyond our measures to comprehend
tremendum
feeling of peculiar dread and awe: 2 qualities "might" or "overpoweringness"
fascinians
evokes expressions of joy, praise and adoration
Literary Criticism
examines the sacred text of a religion
Historiography
examines facts of and make new facts to determine what took place
Anthropology
examines what functions religion served in the total life of a community in primitive societies
Sociology
also interested in functions, but more concentrated in modern societies
Psychology
examines the religious experience (?)
Philosophy
examines religious experience and beliefs
Phenomenology( study of human awareness, preface of philosophy)
to examine religious expression in its own terms