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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Bacteria
One-celled microorganism that can cause disease
Barrier
Obstacle that prevents microorganisms from contaminating a surface
Clean
Uncontaminated and free of harmful microorganisms
Contagious
Description of a disease-causiing microorganism that are tranmitted easily from one person to another
Cross-contamination
The spread of microorganisms from one person to another
Direct contact
The transfer of microorganisms from person to person through skin contact
Dirty (soiled) or contaminated
Contains both harmless and harmful microorganisms
Disinfection
The process of destroying many harmful microorganisms
Emesis
The product of vomiting gastric contents
Excretion
The removal of waste products such as urine and stool from the body
Host
A living body or organism that microorganisms attack
Immune response
A process of the body that tries to provide immunity
Immunity
The body's ability to fight off a foriegn substance such as bacteria
Incontinence
Inability to retain urine or bowel contents
Indirect contact
The transfer of microorganisms from a peron to an object or equipment to another person
Infection
An illness caused by harmful microorganisms getting into the body
Medical asepsis (Clean technique)
A set of practices that destroy and prevent the spread of harmful microorganisms; refers to clean rather than sterile
Microorganism
Usually a one-celled living organism that can be seen only through a microscope
Mucous membrane
Smooth lining of parts of the body such as the respiratory tract and the digestive tract; produces mucous
Normal flora
Bacteria that are harmless and normally live in or on the human body
Nosocomial
Infection azqired in a hospital, care center, or other institution
Parasite
An organism that lives upon a host without contributing to the host's survival
Pathogen's (Sourse)
Microorganisms capalb eof causing sickness or infection
Protocol
A detailed set of actions to be carried out in a specific order
Route of transmission
The mechanism or way microorganisms are transferred or carried from one place to another, that is, from the source to the host
Saturated
Soaked to the point that no more moisture can be absorbed
Secretion
Substances produced by the body, usually in liquid form; slaiva is a secretion produced in the mouth
Standard precautions (Routine Practices)
A minimum set of standards or practices that care providers are required to follow when doing any tasks that require contact with blood or body fluids
Sterile
Free from all microorganisms whether harmful or harmless
Sterilization
The process of destroying all microorganisms
Subtle
Difficult to see or detect
Transmission-based precautions
Precautions in addition to standard precautions that are implemented to try to control the transmission of pathogens in clients with a known or suspected infectious disease that can be easily transmitted to others
WHIMIS
Workplace Hazerdous Material Information System; an information system that informs individulas of how to safely handle dangerous and hazerdous prodects in the workplace