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44 Cards in this Set

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ana-
upward, excessive
a- or an-
without, not
aphasia, aphasic
without ability to express oneself or speak
anemia, anemic
deficiency in hemoglobin of blood
atrophy, atrophic
without growth, development, or nourishment
anaerobic, anaerobe
a kind of bacteria
an organism that lives and grows without Oxygen
afebrile
without fever
aglossia
without a tongue, congenital problem
amenorrhea
absence of normal menstrual flow
anoxia
without Oxygen.
Tissues receive insufficient supply of oxygen.
analgesia, analgesic
absence of pain
anodyne
older term- without pain
anuria, anuric
absence of urine production
anovular
lack of ovulation
akinesia
absence or loss of normal muscular tone (muscle unresponsive)
amentia
failure to develop intellectual capacity
anesthesia, anesthetic
loss of sensation (general and local)
ataxia
loss of regulation of posture and ability to control movement of limbs
atony, atonia
loss of normal tone or elasticity of muscle
atopic
form of allergy or hypertensitivity resulting from an irritant or a reactant to an antigen.

ex. skin condition, exema atopic dermatitis (hypersensitivity)
ab- , de-
away from
abortion
expulsion of embryo or fetus away from uterus @ stage when incapable of independent survival.

spontaneous- miscarriage
Induced- intentional
abcision
cutting tissue away from the body
abductor
muscle that moves one part of the body away from another
decapitate
take one's head away from body
detoxification
syn. metabolism/ conversion of chemical or change away from its more active or toxic form (reduced pharmacologic activity)
older term
debridement
cleansing dirt and removing dead tissue or cellular debris away from a wound.
ad-
to, toward, near
adhesion
union of two normally separate services in body

ex. adhesions (coming together) of 2 loops of intestine --> painful healing procss in which edges of wound come together
ambi- , ampho-
both
ambivalence
psychologic condition (sometimes disorder) holding two opposing view points simultaneously.
ambilateral
affecting viewpoints both simultaneously.
amphoteric
chemical ter- describes che compound that contains in molecules, acidic and basic functional grup

Classic ex: amino acid, tetracycline, aminophillins (penicilin) or Ampicillin
ante-, fore-, pre-, pro-
in front of, before (temporal or positional)
anteprandial drug administration
before meal
antepartum heorrhage
bleeding from genital tract during 3rd trimester before delivery
forebrain
farthest foreward division of brain
preterm delivery
premature birth or pre delivery
prenatal vitamins
vitamins taken before delivery
precancerous polyp
non malignant growth that may become malignant if not removed or treated
prospective DUR
syn. concurrent DUR

reviewing each Rx or drug order for an individual patient before its dispensed.
To identify drug related problems: DDI's or drug diease contraindicated or therapeutic duplication which is to be avoided and other ADRs
prodromal fever
AND
prodromal rash
period of time between appearance of first symptoms of an infectious disease and development of fever and rash
prodrug
biologically inactive compound which is converted in body by metabolism
ex. prednisone the prodrug of prednisolone
anterior
front part of animal or person