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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
flexion
bending movement that decreases the angle of the joint
extension
straightening movement that increases the angle of the joint
retraction
move backwards
protraction
move forward
circumduction
move so the distal end of the part describes a circle, while the rest of the part describes a cone
rotation
turning on its own axis
supination
move palm or part upward or forward
pronation
move palm or part downward or backward
inferior
any point below any other given point
superior
any point above any other given point
proximal
toward the origin of a structure
distal
away from the origin of a structure
lateral
toward the side
medial
toward the midline or middle
anterior
in front of or toward the front
posterior
in back of or toward the back
transverse plane
a plane that runs through the middle, dividing the bodey into upper and lower parts
coronal plane
a plane running through the body, or any of its parts, dividing the body or any of its parts into anterior and posterior portions