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51 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Relating to architecture or resembling the spatial and structural aspects peculiar to architecture
The upper part of a classical architectural order above the columns and capitals and comprising the architrave, frieze, and cornice (Temple of Poseidon, Paestum)
pediment (x3)
1. In classical architecture, a low gable, typically triangular, framed by a horizontal cornice below and two raking cornices above, frequently filled with relief sculpture. 2. A similar architectural member, either round or triangular, used over a door, window, or niche. 3.When pieces of the cornice are either turned at an angle or broken, it is called a broken pediment
cornice (x2)
The projecting, framing element of a classical pediment, including the horizontal one below (geison) and the two sloping, or raking ones above. 2. The crowning ornamental molding along the top of a wall or arch
Italian word for "set against." A method derived from the Greeks to represent freedom of movement in a figure by placing parts of the body asymetrically in opposition to each other around a central axis. Most of the weight is placed on one leg with an S-curve in the torso. Normally movement of engaged and relaxed parts alternates left to right through the figure. (Doryphoros, spear bearer)
A style of 16th-century Italian art characterized by an artificiality in opposition to the naturalism of renaissance art, including distortions in scale and perspective and confused compositions
In painting and drawing, producing a three-dimensional effect by the use of light and shade, changes in color, etc.
In architecture, a narrow, ornamental band projecting from the surface of a structure which gives variety to the surface by means of patterned contrasts of light and shade
A method of reducing or distorting the parts of a represented object which are not parallel to the picture plane in order to convey the impresson of three dimensions
A semicircular or pointed wall area, as under a vault or above a door or window
perspective 1. A technique for...
A technique for representing spatial relationships and three-dimenensional objects on a flat surface so as to produce an effect similar to that perceived by the human eye
perspective 2. In Atmospheric or aerial perspective...
In atmospheric or aerial perspective, this is accomplished by a gradual decrease in the intensity of color and in the contrast of light and dark so that everything in the far distance tends toward a light bluish tone
perspective 3. In one-point linear perspecive...
In one-point linear perspective, developed in Italy in the 15th century, a mathematical system is used based on orthagonals, lines receding diagonally from the picture plane that converge on a single vanishing point on the horizon. Associated objects are rendered smaller the farther from the viewer they are intended to seem
perspective 4. Since one-point linear perspective presupposes...
Since one-point linear perspective presupposes an absolutely stationary viewer, it is seldom applied with complete consistancy
The representation of things according to their appearance in visible nature (without idealization)
In architecture, decoration in which a wall is divided into bright, polychrome panels of solid colors (Facade of Baptistry and S. Miniato)
The horizontal arrangement of the parts of a building. In an axial plan, the parts of a building are organized longitudinally, or along a given axis; in a central plan, the parts radiate from a central point
A smokelike haziness that subtly softens the outlines in painting, creating very delicate gradations of light and shade in the modeling of figures. The term sfumato is particularly applied to the paintings of Leonardo and Correggio
1. A combination of qualities, such as shape, color, or form, that pleases the aesthetic senses, especially the sight 2. A combination of qualities that pleases the intellect or moral sense
An event or period marking a turning point in a state of affairs
1. adj. concerned with beauty or the appreciation for beauty 2. n. a set of principles underlying and guiding the work of a particular artist or artistic movement
(puh-LIG-uh-nl) A plane figure having five or more straight sides
international style
A style of 14th-15th- century painting begun by Simone Martini, who adapted the French Gothic manner to Sienese art. This style appealed to the aristocracy because of its brilliant color, lavish costume, intricate ornament and themes involving splendid processions of knights and ladies.
The underside of an arch
A kind of art in which space and objects are intended to appear real by the use of artistic devices such as perspective and foreshortening
polyptych (POL-ip-tik)
An alterpiece or devotional work of art made of several panels joined together, often hinged
ambulatory* (x3)
1. a covered walkway 2. a vaulted passageway or aisle that leads around the apse of a church (St. Denis, Paris) 2. the covered walk around the open court of a cloister
A semicircular or polygonal (puh-LIG-uh-nl) recess at the end of the major axis of a Roman basilica or Christian church (Basilica of Constantine)
attached column
A column that is attached to a background wall and is therefore not completely cylindrical; also referred to as an engaged column
chancel (choir)
In church architecture, a square or rectangular area between the apse and the nave or transept.
compound pier
An upright architectural support with columns or pilasters attached to it
The uppermost member of a column or pillar supporting the architrave
A series of arches supported by piers or columns. When attached to a wall these form a blind arcade (Florence baptistry)
A curved structure used to span an opening
A beam used to span an opening
balustrade* (x2)
1. A railing supported by short pillars called balusters (Michelangelo's staircase) 2. Also applied to any low parapet
A parapet consisting of alternating solid parts and open spaces
A low protective wall
scroll bracket
A bracket in the form of a scroll
An upright architectural support, usually rectagular and sometimes with a capitol and base
An arched roof or ceiling
diptych (DIP-tik)
A pair of painted or carved panels, usually hinged together
polyptych (POL-ip-tik)
An alterpiece or devotional work of art made of several panels joined together, often hinged
The ornamental grooves channeled vertically into the shaft of a column or pilaster
One of the spherical triangles which makes the transition from a square or polygonal (puh-LIG-uh-nl) opening to the round base of a dome or the supporting drum
Decorated with legendary or historical subjects
Heavy, rough-surfaced stone blocks separated by deep joins
predella (pri-DEL-uh)
The base of an altarpiece, often decorated with small scenes related in subject to that of the main panel
A horizontal molding, or band in masonry, ornamental but usually reflecting interior structure
superimposed orders
Orders of architecture that are placed one above another in an arcaded or colonnaded building, usually in the sequence Doric - Ionic - Corithian
escutcheon (i-SKUHCH-uhn)
An emblem bearing a coat of arms