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5 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Genome
All of an organism's genetic material.
Biotechnology
The industrial use of living organisms or biological methods derived through basic research; examples range from genetic engineering to making cheese or bread.
Gene
A segment of a DNA molecule that contains information for making a protein or, sometimes, an RNA molecule
Recombinant DNA
Hybrid DNA produced in the laboratory by joining pieces of DNA from different sources.
Chromosome
A cellular structure containing genes. Chromosomes are composed of DNA and proteins. Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes in each body cell, one of each pair from the mother and the other from the father.
Clone In genetics, the process of making many copies of a gene or a whole organism. The term also refers to the isolation and manipulation of a gene.