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59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a tempo
return to the original tempo
accelerando
accelerate; gradually faster
adagio
slowly
allargando
broadening; gradually slower
allegretto
slighly slower than allegro; faster than andante
andante
a moderate walking tempo
andantina
slightly faster than andante
animato
animated;with spirit
atonality
no specific key or tonality
bitonality
the use of two different keys at the same time
canon
a strict form of contrapuntal writing in which each voice exactly imitates the melody of the first voice
cantabile
in a singing style
coda
an extended ending for a piece of music
codetta
a short coda
con
with
con fuoco
with fire, or fury
con moto
with motion
D.C. al fine
go back to the beginning of the piece and play until the word fine
doloroso
sadly; sorrowfully
enharmonic
two different names for the same pitch, such as c sharpa dn d flat
fine
the end
giocoso
merrily, with humor
gracioso
merrily, with humor
gracioso
gracefully
largo
very slowly; large
leggiero
lightly, delicately
lento
slowly
m.d.
mano destra; use the right hand
m.s.
mano sinistra; use the left hand
meno
less
meno mosso
less motion; slower
molto
much; very
opus
a word used to indicate the chronological order in which a composer's music was writeen
ostinato
a repeated pattern
parallel major/minor
major and minor keys with the same letter names (c major, c minor)
pesante
heavily
piu
more
piu mosso
more motion; faster
pco
little
polytonality
the use of several different keys at the same time
rallentando
gradually slower
relative major and minor
major and minor keys which have the same key signature
ritenuto
immediately slower
robusto
robustly, boldy
rubato
"robbed time" the practice of varying the rhythm of a phrase by slowing or rushing the tempo, making up the changed time elsewhere in the phrase
scherzando
playfully, jokingly
sempre
always
senza
without
smorzando
dying away
spiritoso
spirited; with spirit
sotto voce
in a low voice
toccata
a viruoso piece common during the baroque period, written in free style with many scales and rapid passages
tre corde
release the una corda pedal (soft pedal; left pedal)
baroque or classical period trill
begin on the note above the written note
romantic period
begin on the written note
vivace
quick lively
vico
brisk, lively
...etto
a suffix meaning little or less than, such as allegretto for a little slower than allegro
...ino
a suffix meaning little or less than, such as andantino for a little faster than andante