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16 Cards in this Set

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-an Arabic word meaning proper pronunciation during recitation, as well as recitation at a moderate speed.
- tajwīd most often refers to proper recitation of the Qur'a
a drone is a harmonic or monophonic effect or accompaniment where a note or chord is continuously sounded throughout much or all of a piece, sustained or repeated, and most often establishing a tonality upon which the rest of the piece is built.
Is a motif or phrase which is repeated over and over again at the same pitch (Kamien 2003, p.611). Ostinatos may be used as melody or accompaniment, may be purely rhythmic, and other parts and variations may be layered over or under an ostinato.
A strumming pattern is a preset pattern used by a rhythm guitar. Compare with pattern picking. Strumming patterns may be indicated through notation, tablature, up and down arrows, or slashes
heterophony is a kind of complex monophony - there is only one melody, but multiple voices each of which play the melody differently, either in a different rhythm or tempo, with different embellishments and figures, or idiomatically different.
In music, monophony (base musical texture) is a texture with just one part (such as Gregorian chant)
A piece of music which is performed by two semi-independent choirs interacting with one another, often singing alternate musical phrases, is known as antiphonal.
Homophony is a musical term that describes the texture of two or more instruments or parts moving together and using the same rhythm
Polyphony is a musical texture consisting of two or more independent melodic voices, as opposed to music with just one voice (monophony) or music with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords (homophony).
Ornamentation and nuance
-In music, ornaments are musical flourishes that are not necessary to the overall melodic (or harmonic) line, but serve to decorate or "ornament" that line. They are performed as "fast notes" around a central note.
Circular breathing
Circular breathing is a special technique utilized by players of some wind instruments used to produce a continuous tone without break, accomplished by the use of the cheeks as a reservoir of air while breathing through the nose rather than the mouth.
"a technique of improvisation" that defines the pitches, patterns, and development of a piece of music and which is "unique to Arabian art music."
In music, melisma is the technique of changing the note (pitch) of a syllable of text while it is being sung. Music sung in this style is referred to as melismatic,
qaflah (cadence)
is a particular series of intervals or chords that ends a phrase, section, or piece of music. Cadences give phrases a distinctive ending, that can, for example, indicate to the listener whether the piece is to be continued or concluded
Elaborate and musical style of Quranic recitation, usually used for public performance by specialists
Private less elaborate style of recitation