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57 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
bronchogram
record of the bronchus
bronchitis
inflammation of a bronchus
bronchoplasty
surgical repair of bronchus
bronchoscope
instrument to view inside of bronchus
bronchospasm
involuntary muscle spasm of bronchi
bronchiectasis
dilated bronchi
laryngectomy
excision of the voice box
laryngitis
inflammation of the voice box
laryngoplasty
surgical repair of the voice box
laryngoplegia
paralysis of the voice box
laryngospasm
muscle spasms in the voice box
lobectomy
excision of a (lung) lobe
anoxia
condition of no oxygen
hypoxemia
insufficient oxygen in the blood
pleurocentesis
puncture of the pleura
pleuropexy
surgical fixation of the pleura
pulmonology
study of the lung
pulmonary
pertaining to the lung
thoracalgia
chest pain
thoracic
pertaining to the chest
thoracotomy
incision into the chest
endotracheal
pertaining to inside the trachea
tracheostomy
create an opening in the trachea
tracheotomy
incision into the trachea
tracheostenosis
narrowing of the trachea
aphonia
no voice
dysphonia
abnormal voice
acapnia
lack of carbon dioxide
hypercapnia
excessive carbon dioxide
apnea
not breathing
bradypnea
slow breathing
dyspnea
difficult, labored breathing
eupnea
normal breathing
hyperpnea
excessive (deep) breathing
hypopnea
insufficient (shallow) breathing
orthopnea
(sitting) straight breathing
tachypnea
rapid breathing
hemothorax
blood in the chest
pyothorax
pus in the chest
pneumothorax
air in the chest
endotracheal intubation
Placing a tube through the mouth, through the glottis, and into the trachea to create a patient airway.
epistaxis
Nosebleed
hemoptysis
Coughing up blood or blood-stained sputum
hypoventilation
To breathe both slow (bradypnea) and shallow(hypopnea)
nasal canula
Two-pronged plastic device for delivering oxygen into the nose; one prong is inserted into each nares.
otorhinolaryngology
Branch of medicine that treats conditions and diseases of the ear, nose and throat region.
patent
Open or unblocked, such as a patent airway
percussion
Using the fingertips to tap on a surface to determine the condition beneath the surface. Determined in part by the feel of the surface as it is tapped and the sound generated.
phlegm
Thick mucus secreted by the membranes that line the respiratory tract. When phlegm is coughed through the mouth, it is called sputum. Phlegm is examined for color, odor, and consistency.
pulmonologist
A physician who specializes in treating diseases and disorders of the respiratory system
purulent
Containing pus or an infection that is producing pus. Pus consists of dead bacteria, white blood cells, and tissue debris.
rales
Abnormal crackling sound made during inspiration. Usually indicates the presence of fluid or mucus in the airways.
shortness of breath
Term used to indicate that a patient is having some difficulty breathing. The causes can range from mild SOB after exercise to SOB associated with heart disease.
hyperventilation
To breath both fast (tachypnea) and deep (hyperpnea)
internist
A physician who specializes in treating diseases and conditions of internal organs, such as the respiratory system.
pleural rub
Grating sound made when the two layers of the pleura rub together during respiration. It is caused when one of the surfaces becomes thicker as a result of inflammation or other disease conditions. This rub can be felt through the fingertips when they are placed on the chest wall or heard through the stethoscope.
rhonchi
somewhat musical sound made during expiration, often found in asthma or infection. Caused by spasms of the bronchial tubes.