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101 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
buccolabial
pertaining to checks and lips
cheilorrhaphy
suture the lip
cheilitis
lip inflammation
cholelithiasis
condition of gallstones
cholecystectomy
excision of the gallbladder
cholecystogram
record of the gallbladder
cholecystitis
inflammation of the gallbladder
colectomy
excision of the colon
colorectal
pertaining to the colon and rectum
colonoscope
instrument to view colon
colonoscopy
procedure to view colon
dental
pertaining to teeth
dentalgia
tooth pain
enterorrhaphy
suture of small intestines
enterectomy
excision of the small intestines
enteralgia
small intestines pain
enteritis
small intestine inflammation
gastrodynia
stomach pain
gastroenteritis
inflammation of stomach and small intestines
gastroenterologist
specialist in the stomach and small intestines
gastroenterology
study of the stomach and small intestines
gastromalacia
softening of the stomach
nasogastric
pertaining to the nose and stomach
gastroscope
instrument to view inside the stomach
gastritis
stomach inflammation
gastrectomy
excision of the stomach
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
hepatoma
liver tumor
laparotomy
incision into the abdomen
laparoscope
instrument to view inside the abdomen
sublingual
pertaining to under the tongue
orthodontic
pertaining to straight teeth
oral
pertaining to the mouth
pancreatitis
inflammation of the pancreas
proctoptosis
drooping rectum
proctoscopy
procedure to view the rectum
sialolith
salivary (gland) stone
sialadenitis
inflammation of a salivary gland
Sigmoidoscope
Instrument to view inside the sigmoid colon
anorexia
Absence of appetite
dysorexia
abnormal appetite
gastrostomy
create an opening in the stomach
duodenostomy
create an opening in the duodenum
jejunostomy
create an opening in the jejunum
ileostomy
create an opening in the ileum
colonstomy
create an opening in the colon
Bradypepsia
Slow digestion
Dyspepsia
Difficult digestion
Aphagia
Unable to swallow/eat
Dysphagia
Difficulty swallowing/eating
polyphagia
Many (excessive) eating
bruxism
Clenching and grinding of teeth, often during sleep
caries
Gradual decay and disintegration of teeth that can result in inflamed tissue and abscessed teeth. Commonly known as a tooth cavity.
constipation
Experiencing difficulty in defecation or infrequent defecation.
crown
An artificial covering for the tooth created to replace the original enamel
deglutination
Swallowing
denture
Partial or complete set of artificial teeth that are set in plastic materials. Acts as a substitute for the natural teeth and related structures.
diarrhea
Passing of frequent, watery bowel movements. Usually accompanies gastrointestinal (GI) disorders.
Diverticulum
An out pouching off the gut. May become inflamed if food becomes trapped within the pouch.
Emesis
Vomiting
Eructation
Belching
Escherichia coli (E. coli)
A bacteria normally found in the intestines, but may cause damage and disease if it is carried to other areas of the body such as the urinary tract.
Flatus
Passing gas
Halitosis
Bad or offensive breath, which can be a sign of disease
Heliobacter pylori
A bacteria that may cause inflammation of the stomach lining and peptic ulcers in some people.
Hematemesis
To vomit blood from the gastrointestinal tract, often looks like coffee grounds.
Hematochezia
Passing bright red blood in the stools
Ileus
Severe abdominal pain, inability to pass stools, vomiting, and abdominal distension as a result of intestinal blockage. May require surgery to reverse the blockage.
Implant
Prosthetic device placed in the jaw to which a tooth or denture may be anchored.
Nausea
A feeling of needing to vomit
Plaque
Gummy mass of microorganisms that grows on the crowns of teeth and spreads along the roots. It is colorless and transparent.
Postprandial
Pertaining to after a meal
Regurgitation
Return of fluids and solids from the stomach into the mouth.
Steatorrhea
Passage of a large amount of fat in the stool. Caused by an inability to digest fats, usually due to a problem with pancreatic enzymes.
ac
before meals
ALT
alanine transaminase
AST
Aspartate transaminase
Ba
Barium
BE
Barium enema
BM
Bowel movement
BS
Bowel sounds
E. Coli
Escherichia coli
FOBT
Fecal occult blood test
GB
Gallbladder
GERD
Gastro esophageal reflux disease
GI
Gastrointestional
HAV
Hepatitis A virus
HBV
Hepatitis B virus
HCV
Hepatitis C virus
IBS
Irritable bowl syndrome
NG
Nasogastric (tube)
NPO
Nothing by mouth
n&v
Nausea and vomiting
O&P
Ova and parasites
pc
After meals
PO
By mouth
pp
postprandial
PUD
Peptic ulcer disease
RDA
Recommended daily allowance
TPN
Total parental nutrition
UGI
Upper gastrointestinal series