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66 Cards in this Set

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agonist
substance that produces effect by binding to an appropriate receptor
antagonist
substance that inhibits a specific action by binding with a particular receptor instead of allowing the agonist to bind to the receptor
antiserum
serum containing specific antibodies extracted from a hyperimmunized animal or animal that has been infected with the microorganism containing antigen
antitoxin
specific antiserum aimed against a poison that contains a concentration of antibodies extracted from the serum or plasma of a healthy animals
bacterin
bacterial vaccine
chelated
bound to and precipitated out of solution
contraindication
recommendation not to use
diffusion
movement of solutes from an area of high concentration of particles to one low concentration of particles
dosage
amount of medication based on units per weight of animals
dosage interval
time between administrations of a drug
dose
amount of medication measured
drug
agent used to diagnose, prevent, or treat a disease
efficacy
extent to which a drug causes the intended effect
endogenous
originating with the body
exogenous
originating outside the body
hydrophilic
water-loving
hyperkalemia
excessive level of blood potassium
hypernatremia
excessive level of blood sodium
hypertonic solution
solution that has more particles than the solution or cell to which its being compared
hypokalemia
deficiency of blood potassium
hyponatremia
deficiency of blood sodium
hypotonic solution
solution that has fewer particles than the solution or cell to which it is being compared
hypovolemia
low circulating blood volume
ionized
electrically charged
isotonic solution
solution that has equal particles to the solution or cell to which it is being compared
lipophilic
fat-loving
monovalent
vaccine, antiserum,or antitoxin developed specifically for a single antigen or organism
nonionized
not charged electrically
osmosis
movement of water across a selectively permeable membrane along its concentration gradient
placebo
inactive substance that is given for its suggestive effects or substance used as a control in experimental setting
regimen
course of treatment
turgor
degree of fullness or rigidity caused by fluid content
analgesic
substance that relieves pain without affecting consciousness
anesthetic
substance that produces a lack of sensation
anthelmintic
substance that works against intestinal worms
antibiotic
substance that inhibits the growth of or kills bacteria
anticoagulant
substance that inhibits clot formation
anticonvulsant
substance that prevents seizures
antidiarrheal
substance that prevents watery, frequent bowel movements
antiemetic
substance that prevents vomiting
antipruritic agent
substance that controls itching
antipyretic
substance that reduces fever
antineoplastic agent
substance that treats neoplasm
antiseptic
chemical agent that kills or prevents the growth of microorganisms on living tissue
antitussive
substance that reduces coughing
asepsis
state without infection
cytotoxic agent
substance that kills or damages cells
disinfectant
chemical agent that kills or prevents the growth of microorganisms on inanimate objects
emetic
substance that induces vomiting
endectocide
agent that kills both internal and external parasites
immunosuppressant
substance that prevents or decrease the body's reaction to invasion by disease or foreign material
inotrope
substance affecting muscle contraction
miotic agent
substance used to constrict the pupils
mucolytic
substance that breaks up mucus and reduces its viscosity
mydriatic agent
substance used to dilate the pupils
sterilize
to destroy all organism
appositional
placed side to side
asepic technique
precautions taken to prevent contamination of a surgical wound
avulsion
tearing away of a part
coaptation
act of approximating
curettage
removal of material or growths from the surface of a cavity
debridement
removal of foreign material and devitalized or contaminated tissue
dehiscence
disruption or opening of the surgical wound
dissect
separation or cutting apart
enucleation
removal of an organ in whole
friable
easily crumbled