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83 Cards in this Set

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Cyanosis
Slightly bluish, grayish, slatelike, or dark purple discoloration of the skin/mucous membranes.
Hematuria
Blood in the urine.
Infusion
Introduction of a liquid into a vein or other body part.
Nephrotoxic
Damaging to renal cells.
Palpate
To examine by touch, to feel.
Anaphylaxis
A hypersensitive state of the body to a foreign protein or drug.
Hemo-
Prefix meaning blood.
Antiarrhythmic
An agent used to regulate heart rhythm.
Diarrhea
Frequent passage of watery stool.
Antidiuretic
Hormone that decreases urine production.
Diffusion
Passive movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to one of lower concentration.
Pruritis
Severe itching.
Antimicrobic
Preventing the development or pathogenic action of microbes.
Diuretic
A chemical agent that increases the production of urine.
Hemolytic
Pertinent to the breaking down of red blood cells.
Intracellular
Inside the cell.
Purulent
Containing pus.
Urticaria
A vascular reaction of the skin characterized by the eruption of pale raised wheals, which are associated with severe itching.
Aspirate
Application of negative pressure to check for blood return.
Erythema
Redness of the skin produced by capillary congestion as in a sunburn.
Ascites
The excessive accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
Dyspnea
A subjective feeling of difficulty breathing.
Homeostasis
State of equilibrium of the internal environment.
Edema
An excessive amount of extracellular fluid.
Aspirate
To remove material by suction.
Electrolyte
Substance that develops an electrical charge when dissolved in water.
Bolus
Direct injection of a medication intravenously in order to achieve rapid serum concentrations.
Evaporation
Change from liquid to vapor.
Hydration
The chemical combination of a substance with water.
Intravascular
Within blood vessels.
Skin turgor
Elastic property of the skin reflecting body fluid status.
Cardio
Pertaining to the heart.
Girth
The distance around something; circumference, as in measuring abdominal circumference.
Hydrostatic
Pertaining to the pressure exerted on liquids.
Isotonic
Having the same tonicity as plasma.
Granulocytes
A granular leukocyte (e.g., neutrophil).
Hypersecretion
Abnormally large amount of secretion.
Metabolism
The sum of all physical and chemical changes that take place within an organism.
Specific Gravity
Weight of a substance compared with an equal volume of water.
Calorie
The amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water 1 degree C. One thousand of these calories equals 1 dietary calorie.
Carbohydrates
A group of chemical substances, including sugars, glycogen, starches, dextrins, and celluloses, that contain only carbon, oxygen and hydrogen.
Central Venous Access Device (CVAD)
A catheter that accesses a central vein (internal jugular or subclavian vein) that empties into the superior vena cava.
Central Venous Pressure (CVP) Measurement
Monitors the central venous return (volume) and right ventricular function.
Digestion
The process by which food is broken down mechanicallly and chemically in the gastrointestinal tract.
Extracellular
Fluid outside the cell (interstitial and intravascular fluid).
Fat
Substance made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, occurring naturally in most foods but especially in meats and dairy products.
Gastrointestinal
Term that pertains to the stomach and intestines.
Hemodynamic
Study of circulation of blood.
Huber needle
A right-angled (90 degree) or straight, noncoring needle.
Hydrostatic
The pressure exerted on liquids.
Hyperalimentation
The process of nourishing the body through parenteral means.
Hyperglycemia
Condition characterized by an increase in blood glucose levels.
Hypertonic
Solution having a higher osmotic pressure of tonicity than a solution to which it is compared.
Implanted
Inserted under the skin.
Implanted infusion port
Device placed in subcutaneous tissue with a tunneled catheter that goes into the central venous system.
Infusion
A liquid substance introduced into the body via a vein for therapeutic purposes.
Cardiovascular
Pertaining to the heart and blood vessels.
Hematoma
A collection of blood confined in a space.
Hypovolemia
Diminished circulating blood volume.
Osmosis
Transmission of water across a semipermeable membrane from and area of low solute concentration to one of higher solute concentration.
Transfusion
Injection of blood or a blood component of one person into the blood vessels of another.
Valsalva's Maneuver
Attempt to forcibly exhale against a closed glottis.
Venipuncture
Puncture of a vein with a needle.
Irrigate
To rinse or wash out with a fluid.
Lipids
Emulsion containing fats used to correct fatty acid deficiencies via parenteral nutrition.
Lumen
The inner open space of a tube or blood vessel.
Malnutrition
A condition characterized by a lack of essential food substances or improper absorption and distribution of food substances in the body.
Minerals
Inorganic elements of compounds.
Nutrient
Nourishing; food item that supplies the body with necessary elements.
Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter (PICC)
Long, soft, flexible catheter placed through an arm vein to the superior vena cava.
Phlebitis
Inflammation of a vein.
Port
Subcutaneously implanted plastic or metal case that provides access to the venous system.
Protein
Substance that contains amino acids essential for growth and repair of tissues.
Sepsis
Pathologic state usually febrile, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their poisonous products in the bloodstream.
Thrombo
A clot of blood, a thrombus.
Thrombophelitis
An inflammation of a vein due to the presence of a thrombus.
Tunneled Catheter
A long single or multi-lumen catheter inserted into a central vein, the remainder tunneled subcutaneously to a distant exit site on the chest or abdomen.
Vitamins
A group of organic substances essential for life.
Nephro
Prefix meaning kidney.
Obstruction
Blocking of a structure that prevents it from functioning normally; obstacle.
Osmolality
Concentration of osmotically active particles per Kg of body water (tonicity).
Polyunsaturate
A long chain of carbon compounds with more than one double bond between the carbon; especially refers to fats.
Viscosity
Resistance offered by a fluid; property of a substance that is dependent on the friction of its component molecule as they slide by each other.