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43 Cards in this Set

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ancora
still, again
antiphonal
when seperate groups of performers alternate or respond to each other
appassionato
passionately
aria
a solo vocal piece usually associated with opera and oratorios
arioso
lyrically
berceuse
a lullaby
bis
repeate the notes or section
brava/bravo
an exclamation of approval
bravura
boldness, virtuosity. a piece requiring technical proficiency.
cacophony
dissonance
cadenza
the melodic or harmonic ending of a phrase, section, movement, or complete composition.
clavier
a keyboard
con anima
with spirt/life
con brio
with vigor/spirt
con espressione
with expression
con fuoco
with fire/passion
con moto
with motion
con spirito
with spirit
grazioso
grace
Marcia
March
Nuance
subtle changes in musical expression including dynamics, phrasing and tempo
obligato
an essential part that should not be omitted
oeuvre
another word for opus
Op.
abbreviation for opus
Op. Posth.
Abbreviation for a posthumous opus (after the composer's death)
opus
a number given to chronologically order the works of a composer. Literally means "work."
pathetique
with great emotion
passionato
with passion
Petit
little
Recitative
a style of singing that imitates speech, usually found between arias of an opera or oratorio.
recitativo
a rhythmically free vocal style that imitates the natural inflections of speech and that is used for dialogue and narrative in operas and oratorios; also : a passage to be delivered in this style
repeat
signs that indicate a musical sectionshould be repeated
replica
repeat
Satz
movement
scherzo
a movement of symphonies, sonatas and quarters ina quick tempo meter that replaced the minuet.
tacet
be silent
tutti
all. usually placed at the end of an extended solo passage when the entire ensemble enters.
tranquillo
tranquil, calm, quiet.
urtext
an edition of a composition that gives, or attempts to give, the composer's original notation without editorial additions.
veloce
rapid, fast
vivace
lively, quick
vivo
lively, spirited
WoO
"Werk ohne Opuszahl," meaning work without opus number