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89 Cards in this Set

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Alarpiece
panel, painted or sculpted near an altar
Baptistery
building used for baptism
Book of Hours
prayers, excerpts, devotional text decorated scenes of the Virgin included a calender
Burin
pointed tool for engraving/incising
Cathedral
bishops church, throne is kept. City or town can only have one.
Cartoon
full size preliminary drawing from which painting is made
Chiaroscuro
use of light and dark, produce effect of modeling
Cloister
monastery courtyard, covered walks or ambulatories
di sotto in su
perspective in ceiling painting, "from below upwards"
Disegno
"drawing" and "design"
italian word
Donor portrait
individuals who commisioned work, portraying their devotion, piety and wealth
Engraving
incising on hard material
Etching
engraving where design is incised in a layer of wax or varnish on a metal plate,then metal is eaten away by acid
Fresco
painting on lime plaster. wet-true, dry-fresco secco
Genre
category of art, painting depicting everyday life realistically
Gesso
plaster mixed with binder, for reliefs as a ground for painting
Glaze
coating applied to pottery to seal and decorate. oil painting-transparent or semitransparent alters color
Gothic
history,culture and art of medieval western europe 12th to 14th centuries
derogatory term
Grisaille
monochrome painting, for modeling or imitate sculpture
Hatching
drawing and engraving, fine lines are cut or drawn close together shading effect
Humanism
Renaissance, education and expanding knowledge, individual potential, civic responsibility and desire to excel
Idealization
preconception of ideal form or type, esthetic distortion
realism
Illumination
(illuminare)adorn to brighten, used for manuscripts
miniature
Landscape
natural scenery, w/o narrative
Loggia
gallery w/ open arcade or colnnade on one or both sides
gallery
Maesta
Virgin as Queen of Heaven enthroned amid choruses and angels
Mannerism
later Renaissance art emphasized "artifice", using the imagination not just nature
self conscious style
Memento mori
reminder of human mortality, represented by a skull
mortality
Mendicants
medival Europe, Franciscan and Dominican orders, renounced all worldly goods, devoted preachers, teachers and good deeders
Naturalism
art adhere close as possible to natural world, recurring in history
Contrapposto
depicting a weigh shift
Perspective
illusion of 3D world onto a 2D surface
Linear perspective
parallel lines converge into 1-3 points eye level to viewer, vanishing points objects further are smaller
Atmospheric perspective
illusion of distance by color toward neutral and blurred lines
Personification
abstract idea or quality represented in bodily form
Pieta
rep. of Virgin mourning over Christ's body
Poesia
"poetic" art, emphasize lyrical and sensual
Polyptych
hinged mulitipaneled altarpiece or painting
Predella
decorative base or an altarpiece, small painting/sculptures
Pulpit
raised platform used by priest for preaching
Relief
figures projecting from background in sculpture. high, low, sunken, intaglio
Rustication
rough unfinished masonary
Saint
person who suffered and died for their Christian faith/ merited reverence for devotion while alive
Sarcophagus
coffin made of stone
Stanze
italian for "rooms"
Sfumato
haziness that softens outlines in paintings, used by da Vinci
Tempera
painting, colors made from powdered pigmants mixed w/ water and a binder
Trompe l'oeil
illusionistic painting use of perspective create 3D
Woodcut
relief printmaking
Movable type
Gutenburg, print or text for books
Oil paint
artist could paint slower and work in layers
Deposition
moment Christ is removed from cross
John the Evangelist
@ Crusafication
Stigmata
5 wounds inflicted on Christ
Continuous narrative
depiction of several different episodes in one panel
Tondos
round shape
Pulpit of Pisa Cathedral
Pisano, 1259-60, Gothic
Madonna Enthroned with Angels and Prophets
Cimabue, 1280-90, tempera on wood Gothic
Madonna Enthroned
Giotto, 1310, tempera on wood Gothic
Interior of the Arena Chapel
Giotto, 1305-06, true fresco Gothic
Lamentation(art)
Giotto, 1305, fresco Gothic
Peaceful City
Lorenzetti, 1338-39, fresco Gothic
Florence Cathedral
Cambio, 1296, Gothic
Well of Moses
Sluter, 1395-1406
Ghent Altarpiece closed/open
Van Eyck, 1432, oil on wood 15th century
Deposition(art)
Weyden, 1435, oil on wood
Giovanni Arnolfini and his Bride
Van Eyck, 1434, oil on wood
Garden of Earthly Delights
Bosch, 1505-10, oil on wood
October, from Les Tres Heures du Duc de Berry
Limbourg Brothers, 1413-16
Melun Diptych
Jean Fouquet, 1450, oil on wood
Saint Anthony Tormented by Demons
Shoengauer, 1480-90, engraving
Sacrifice of Isaac
Brunelleschi, 1401-02, gilded bronze relief
Sacrifice of Isaac
Ghiberti, 1401-02 gilded bronze relief
East Doors(Gates of Paradise)
Ghiberti, 1425-50, gilded bronze relief
Saint Mark
Donatello, 1411-13
Tribute Money
Masaccio, 1427, fresco
Holy Trinity
Masaccio, 1428, fresco
Dome of Florence
Brunelleschi, 1420-36
Facade of the Palazzo Medici-Riccardi
Bartolommeo, 1445, rusticated masonry
Interior court of Palazzo
Bartolommeo, 1445, round arched colonnade
David
Donatello, 1420-50 bronze
Birth of Venus
Botticelli, 1482,tempera on canvas
Announciation
Angelico, 1440-45, fresco
Madonna and Child with Angels
Lippi, 1455, tempera on wood
Christ Delievering the Keys of the Kingdom to St. Peter
Perugino, 1481-83, fresco
Interior of the Camera degli Sposi
Mantegna, 1474, fresco, diosotto in su
Camera degli Sposi-ceiling
Mantegna, 1474, fresco trompe l'oeil
Dead Christ
Mantegna, 1501, tempera on canvas
Last Supper
da Vinci, 1495-1498, fresco