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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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audiens- What is it and how is it translated?
Present Active Participle (look for -ns, -ntis...)
hearing
auditus, a, um - What is it and how is it translated?
Perfect Passive Participle (4th principal part)
having been heard
auditurus, a, um - What is it and how is it translated?
Future Active Participle (look for -urus, -a, -um)
about to hear, intending to hear
With what word will you always begin the translation of an ablative absolute?
With
Which two letters do all future active participles have?
ur
Translate the ablative absolute: signo dato
with the signal having been given
Translate the ablative absolute: matre inscia (long a)
with mother not knowing
Translate the ablative absolute: Cornelia desponsa (both final a's are long)
with Cornelia having been promised
Which type of infinitive?
amari
present passive
to be loved
Which type of infinitive?
amavisse
perfect active
to have loved
Which type of infinitive?
amatus,a,um esse
perfect passive
to have been loved
Which type of infinitive?
amare
present active
to love
Which type of infinitive?
amaturus,a,um esse
future active
to be about to love
In the sentence - I know that Marcus is tired. - What case will Marcus be?
Accusative (subject of an indirect statement)
In the sentence - I know that Flavia likes Marcus. - give the Latin form for likes.
amare - infinitive since it's an indirect statement
True or False: Indirect Statement is a use of the subjunctive.
FALSE. Indirect Statement uses the accusative and the infinitive. It is NOT at all a subjunctive use.

Indirect Command and Indirect Question, however, are both subjunctive uses.
Scio Flaviam Sextum "amaturam esse."
I know that Flavia "will like" Sextus.
Scivi Flaviam Sextum "amaturam esse."
I knew that Flavia "would like" Sextus.
subjunctive form:
audiat
present active
subjunctive form:
audivissem
pluperfect active
subjunctive form:
auditus esses
pluperfect passive
subjunctive form:
audiremus
imperfect active
subjunctive form:
audiamini
present passive
subjunctive form:
audiveritis
perfect active
subjunctive form:
audirentur
imperfect passive
subjunctive form:
auditi sint
perfect passive
List the five uses of the subjunctive that you have learned.
Purpose Clause
Result Clause
Indirect Command
Cum Clause
Embedded/Indirect Question
Type of subjunctive clause:
I ask him to shut the door.
Indirect Command
Type of subjunctive clause:
He's so tired that he can't keep his eyes open.
Result Clause
Type of subjunctive clause:
When he had arrived there, everyone ran away.
Cum Clause
Type of subjunctive clause:
I wonder who he is.
Embedded/Indirect Question
Type of subjunctive clause:
He came to school to learn.
Purpose Clause
Type of subjunctive clause:
You're mama wears clothing so red that everybody shouts, "Hey, Kool-Aid man!"
Result Clause
Type of subjunctive clause:
He went to the store in order to buy milk.
Purpose Clause
Which would NOT use the subjunctive:
1.I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse.
2.I wonder where he went.
3.I think that he knows Latin.
4.I asked him to go away.
3. I think that he knows Latin. It's an Indirect STATEMENT, which uses the Accusative + Infinitive, NOT the subjunctive.
A sentence is said to be in primary sequence when the main verb is:
Present, Future, or Future Perfect
When the main verb is Perfect, Pluperfect, or Imperfect, a sentence is said to be in ____________
Secondary Sequence
Which sequence is this sentence in?
He invited them to come to his house.
Secondary (main verb invited is in a past tense)
In primary sequence, when the subjunctive action happens at the same time or after the main verb, the subjunctive verb goes in the ________ tense.
Present Subjunctive
I wondered where he "had gone." Which tense of the subjunctive would you use for "had gone?"
Pluperfect
He was so tired that he "wasn't able" to keep his eyes open. Which tense of the subjunctive for "wasn't able?
Imperfect
I go to school in order that I "learn." Tense of the subjunctive for "learn?"
Present
I went to school in order that I "learn." Tense of the subjunctive for "learn?"
Imperfect (because now it's in secondary sequence - went)
Which is a result clause:
1.Ambulavit ad tabernam ut panem inveniret.
2.Imperat homines ut ibi maneant.
3.Tam defessa erat ut statim obdormiret.
4.Cum omnes cenam finivissent, domum iverunt.
3. Tam defessa erat ut statim obdormiret. She was so tired that she fell asleep immediately.
Which will NOT use a subjunctive?
1.He went to the library to study.
2.With dinner having been served, everyone was happy.
3.He asks that we enter the room.
4.I wonder where we are.
2. With dinner having been served...This would be translated using an ablative absolute.