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47 Cards in this Set

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THE BASIC UNITS OF THE LIVING SYSTEM?
CELLS
EACH CELL HAS ITS OUTER BOUNDARY CALLED WHAT?
PLASMA MEMBRANE
THE PLASMA MEMBRANE IS MADE UP OF WHAT?
A BILAYER OF PHOSPHOLIPIDS
WHAT MEANS A DOUBLE LAYER?
BILAYER
PHOSPHOLIPIDS HAVE THEIR HYDROPHOBIC HEADS FACING THE ______ON ONE SIDE AND THE ________ON THE OTHER SIDE?
EXTRACELLULAR
CYTOPLASM
THE HYDROPHOBIC TAILS OF THE PHOSPHOLIPID POINT TOWARDS?
THE INTERIOR OF THE MEMBRANE
THE PLASMA MEMBRANE CONTAINS ______EMBEDDED IN IT AND ATTACHED TO ITS SURFACES?
MEMBRANE PROTEINS
MEMBRANE PROTEINS THAT ARE TIGHTLY ASSOC. WITH THE MEMBRANE AND IN SOME CASES SPAN IT FROM ONE SIDE TO THE OTHER?
INTRINSIC PROTEINS
MEMBRANE PROTEINS THAT ARE LESS TIGHTLY ATTACHED AND MAY BE REMOVED BY CHEMICAL TX'S THAT DO NOT DISSOLVE THE MEMBRANE?
EXTRINSIC PROTEINS
STRANDS OF SUGAR MOLECULES THAT ARE ATTACHED TO THE PROTEINS?
GLYCOPROTEINS
THE MEMBRANE PROTEINS SERVE AS _____FOR DETECTION OF CHEMICAL MESSAGES FROM OTHER CELLS?
RECEPTORS
MEMBRANE PROTEINS ALSO SERVE AS _____, THAT DETERMINE WHAT GOES INTO AND OUT OF THE CELLS?
TRANSPORT PROTEINS
_______ ALLOW THE CELLS OF A TISSUE TO RECOGNIZE ONE ANOTHER AND STICK TOGETHER?
ADHESION MOLECULES
ADHESION MOLECULES ALSO DETERMINE THE ABILITY OF DISSOLVED SUBSTANCES TO ENTER OR LEAVE THE CELL, ESP. SUBSTANCES THAT CARRY AN________?
ELECTRICAL CHARGE
INTRACELLULAR FLUID?
CYTOPLASM
CYTOPLASM CONTAINS A NUMBER OF CHARACTERISTIC ________?
ORGANELLES
WHAT PART OF THE CELL CONTAINS THE (DNA)GENETIC MATERIAL THAT MAKES UP THE GENETIC CODE?
NUCLEUS
THE NUCLEUS IS BOUND WITH A _____________PENETRATED WITH PORTHOLE LIKE NUCLEAR PORES?
DOUBLE BI-LAYER MEMBRANE
WHAT IS AN INTERNAL MEMBRANE SYSTEM THAT CONTAINS PROTEINS AND LIPIDS DESTINED FOR VARIOUS METABOLIC FATES W/I THE CELL?
ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
PROTEINS AND LIPIDS ARE USED FOR _____TO THE EXTERIOR, OR FOR_____INTO THE PLASMA MEMBRANE?
SECRETION
INCORPORATION
WHAT ARE RIBOSOMES?
MOLECULAR MACHINES COMPOSED OF PROTEINS AND RIBOSOMAL RIBONUCLEIC ACID (rRNA)
RIBOSOMES SYNTHESIZE PROTEINS BASED ON CODES DELIVERED TO THEM IN THE FORM OF_______?
MESSENGER RNA (mRNA)
_________RIBOSOMES SYNTHESIZE PROTEINS DESTINED TO ENTER THE CYTOPLASM?
FREE
RIBOSOMES ATTACHED TO THE _______SYNTESIZE PROTEINS DESTINED TO BE SECRETED TO THE EXTERIOR OR TO BE INCORPORATED INTO THE PLASMA MEMBRANE?
ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM (ER)
_____ARE CLOSELY STACKED SACS OF ER THAT SERVE AS A SORTING STATION FOR PROTEINS SYNTHESIZED BY RIBOSOMES ATTACHED TO THE ER?
GOLGI APPARATUS
IN THE GOLGI, THESE _____ARE LABELED FOR VARIOUS DESTINATIONS IN THE CELL?
PROTEINS
______ARE ROD-LIKE STRUCTURES CONSISTING OF A DOUBLE BILAYER MEMBRANE?
MITOCHONDRIA
MITOCHONDRIA ARE THE SITES OF THE REACTIONS OF _____ _____ _____ WHERE THE ENERGY FROM OXIDATION OF FOODSTUFFS IS APPLIED TO SYNTESIS OF ATP?
TERMINAL OXIDATIVE METABOLISM
THE GENERAL CHEMICAL ENERGY SOURCE FOR ENERGY REQUIRING CELLULAR PROCESSES?
ATP
AN ENERGY DEPLETED FORM OF THE SAME MOLECULE IS?
ADP
THE WHOLE PROCESS OF TURNING ATP INTO ADP IS CALLED WHAT?
OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION
THE _____ IS THE SCAFOLD OF FILAMENTS W/I THE CYTOPLASM THAT ALLOW THE CELL TO MAINTAIN A FORM AND TO MOVE?
CYTOSKELETON
THERE ARE 3 BASIC TYPES OF FILAMENTS THAT MAKE UP THE CYTOSKELETON?
MICROFILAMENTS
INTERMEDIATE FILAMENTS
MICROTUBULES
_____IS A PROCESS IN WHICH CELLS ACQUIRE SPECIFIC CELLULAR STRUCTURES AND BECOME SPECIALIZED TO PERFORM SPECIFIC FUNCTIONS?
DIFFERENTIATION
_____CONSISTS OF DIFFERENTIATED CELLS THAT SHARE SIMILIAR STRUCTURES AND COOPERATE TO PERFORM A COMMON FUNCTION?
TISSUES
IN EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT, THE UNSPECIALIZED CELLS OF THE EMBRYO SEPARATE INOT 3 LAYERS?
ECTODERM
ENDODERM
MESODERM
LAYER THAT LIES OUTERMOST?
ECTODERM
LAYER THAT LIES INTERMOST?
ENDODERM
LAYER THAT LIES BETWEEN THE ECTODERM AND ENDODERM?
MESODERM
IN SUBSEQUENT DEVELOPMENT THESE LAYERS GIVE RISE TO THE 4 SPECIFIC TISSUE TYPES?
NERVOUS TISSUE
EPITHELIAL TISSUE
MUSCLE TISSUE
CONNECTIVE TISSUE
NERVOUS TISSUE AND EPITHELIAL TISSUE COMES FROM WHAT LAYERS OF EMBRYONIC TISSUE?
ECTODERM AND ENDODERM
MUSCLE TISSUE AND CONNECTIVE TISSUE COME FROM WHAT LAYERS OF EMBRYONIC TISSUE?
MESODERM
CELL DIVISION IS CALLED WHAT?
MITOSIS
REGENERATION OF NEW DIFFERENTIATED CELLS REQUIRES THE PRESCENSE OF A POPULATION OF UNDIFFERENTIATED _____ _____ W/I THE TISSUE?
STEM CELLS
________TISSUE IS SPECIALIZED FOR PROCESSING INFO. FROM THE EXTERIOR AND INTERIOR OF THE BODY & REGULATING THE FUNCTION OF MANY BODY SYSTEMS?
NERVOUS TISSUE
NERVOUS TISSUE CAN BE DIVIDED INTO ______WHICH GENERATE & CONDUCT ELECTRICAL IMPULSES & COMMUNICATE WITH OTHER CELLS BY WAY OF CHEMICAL MESSAGES?
NEURONS
THAT WHICH SUPPORTS THE NEURONS AND MAINTAINS A FAVORABLE ENVIRONMENT FOR THEIR FUNCTIONS?
GLIA