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65 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
what does the state's nurse practice act do?
establishes the criteria for the education & licensure of its nurses
enforces rules for the profession
legally determines what who can and cannot do.
what phenomena underlies the present and predicted nursing shortage in the US?
aging of the population
increased prevalence of chronic illness
increased prevalence of disabilities
Florence Nightingale is known as
founder of modern nursing
created free standing nursing education
Clara Barton is known for
organizing hospitals and nurses
created the American Red Cross in 1882
Dorothea Dix is known for
she reformed treatment for the mentally ill.
Linda Richards is known for
the first trained nurse in the USA
began the process of record keeping and writing orders
Lillian Ward is Known for
the founder of public health nursing
Marya Elizabeth Mahoney is known for
the first African-American nurse
Nora Gertrude Livingston is known for
established the first 3 year nursing program in North America
Isabel Hampton Robb is known for
founder of the ANA -American Nurses Association
Mary Adelaide Nutting is known for:
published the History of Nursing
Mary Breckinridge is known for:
established the first midwifery school in the US - Frontier Nursing Service
Margaret Sanger is known for:
founded Planned Parenthood
name the 4 essential competencies nurses use:
cognitive
technical
interpersonal
ethical/legal skills
define cognitive competency:
offer a a scientific rationale for a patient's plan of care
select interventions that are most likely to yield the desired outcomes
use critical thinking to solve problems creatively.
define technical competency:
the ability to use and creatively adapt technical equipment
define interpersonal competency
interact with patients
elicit their strengths and abilities
work collaboratively with other members of the healthcare team
define ethical/legal competency:
act morally
be trustworthy
be accountable
act as advocate
practice the code of ethics & standards of practice
use legal safeguards that reduce the risk of litigation
define health
a state of optimal functioning or well being. this includes:
physical
social &
mental components
define wellness
an active state of being healthy by living a lifestyle that promotes good physical, emotional and mental health
Nursing is considered a profession because:
based on a well defined body of knowledge
service oriented
has its own code of ethics
it has its set standards
involved with continuous research
is autonomous
define nursing licensure:
having the legal authority to practice as a nursing professional
name the three educational programs that lead to licensure as a RN:
Diploma
Associates degree
BSN degree
The roles of a nurse are:
caregiver
communicator
teacher/educator
advocate
collaborator
1911 - the ANA....
American Nurses Assoc.developed its
Social Policy Statement
involved in the national level of:
public education
clinical nursing standards
lobbying state and federal lawmakers to address ethics ,public policy and the economic welfare of nurses.
NLN
sets the standards for the education and testing of nurses
accredits nursing programs
in 1955, the ANA .....
formed the Definition of Practice
this defines, on a national level, what nurses can and cannot do
in 1980, the ANA....
formed the National Nurse Practice Act
this states that nurses diagnose RESPONSES to medical illness
eg- the pain and emotional response to an illness
whereas doctors diagnose CONDITIONS
the NSNA is....
a national organization for students enrolled in nursing education programs
it is self governing and an advocate for students rights
they take collective astion on social and political issues
NY State nurse Practice Act..
defines what nurses can and cannot do
this legislation differs in every state
define reciprocity
allows a nurse to apply for and be endorsed as a RN in a state other than the one they were originally licensed
2002 International Council of Nursing
addresses nursing on a global level
the four broad aims of nursing are:
promote health
prevent illness
restore health
facilitate with coping with disability and death
promoting health involves:
Healthy People 2010
act as a role model
teach lifestyle decisions and behaviors awareness
eliminate health disparities
restoring health involves:
doing assessments-blood pressure screenings
providing direct care through procedures and treatments
rehabilitation
referring questions and abnormal findings to the appropriate healthcare providers
facilitating coping with disability and death involves:
maximizing a person's strengths and potentials in coping with death and illness.
hospice programs
assist patients and their families in preparing for death and living as comfortably as possible until death occurs
usually takes place in a home setting
preventing illness involves:
teaching hygeine
immunizations
nurse as the communicator:
acts as a liaison between the:
patient
family
doctor
nurse as the teacher:
acts as educator by:
teaching patient self care
teach family to provide care
teach lifestyles
teach patient to understand their illness or condition
nurse as the counselor:
listens to and advises patients and their families
nurse as the leader:
unit manager-
lpn
cna
nurse as the researcher:
research procedures and treatments to increase and improve the body of knowledge used in patient care
nurse as advocate:
standing up for patients' needs, rights and autonomy
nurse as collaborator:
use organizational and communication skills to facilitate all members of the healthcare team
define self-effacement:
a state of humbleness
putting the needs of the patient before personal needs
nursing is considered a dependent profession because:
it depends on the doctor for medical diagnoses and orders
nursing is considered a interdependent profession because:
it involves collaboration with others when making decisions on patient care
nursing is considered a independent profession because:
it independently performs assessments and standing orders as well as patient education
define standing orders
rules and guidelines set by the institution concerning medical and surgical procedures
nursing is considered an art and science because:
it is based in practical wisdom as well as in knowledge
nursing is based on theory because
what is learned in an educational setting is carried into and applied to the clinical setting
nursing's code of ethics
follow principles that reflect the primary goals, values and obligations of the profession
nursing's Standards of Practice
defined by the ANA as what the nurse is legally expected to do
nurse certification
recognition in a particular area of medical knowledge
to remain current, continuing education is required.
in-service education
usually offered by the healthcare institution one is employed by
the clinician is
the person at the patient's bedside
NYSNA
NY State Nurses Assoc.
acts as a union representative for the nursing profession
NSNA
National Students' Nursing Assoc.
Nursing care delivery system -
Team nursing
RN is leader of a team of lpn's and cna's that cover a particular unit of an institution
cost effective model -less rn's needed
but RN is responsible for everything and there is usually little contact with other departments of the facility
Nursing care delivery system -
Primary care
Rn's are responsible for performing all aspects of patient care
very costly- rarely implemented
provides high quality care
Nursing care delivery system -
Case management
RN is responsible for every aspect of the patient's care from admission to discharge to aftercare
a 24/7 responsibility
Nursing care delivery system -
Decentralized management
there are no supervisors
the unit manager reports directly to the facility's director.
UANP
unlicensed assistant nursing personel
they work under the RN's license
Nursing Care Associate
CNA
HHA-home health aid
Nurse technician
EBP
evidence based practice - nursing care provided that is supported by sound scientific rationale.