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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Alopecia
- baldness
Caries
- cavities of the teeth
Cerumen
- wax in the external ear canals, consisting of a heavy oil and brown pigment
Cheilosis
- ulceration of the lips
Gingivitis
- inflammation of the gums
Glossitis
- inflammation of the tongue
Halitosis
- offensive breath
Pediculosis
- infestation with lice
Periodontitis
- marked inflammation of the gums that also involves deterioration of the dental tissues and bone
Plaque
- invisible, destructive, bacterial film that builds up on teeth and eventually leads to the destruction of tooth enamel
Stomatitis
- inflammation of the oral mucosa
Tartar
- hard deposit on the teeth near the gum line formed by plaque build up and dead bacteria
Hygiene
personal cleanliness & grooming
Hygiene Practices
caring for the skin, hair, nails, mouth, teeth, and perineal area
Hygiene Importance
- promotes physical and psychological well-being
- research has proved that improved hygiene will decrease illness rate
-diabetic patients have to have good hygiene, especially foot care to prevent diabetic complications
Purposes of skin care
- cleanses skin
- acts as skin conditioner
- helps to relax a person
- promotes circulation
- serves as musculoskeletal exercise
- stimulates the rate and depth of repirations
- promotes comfort through muscle relaxation, skin, stimulation, and blood circulation
- help improve self-image
- strengthen nurse patient relationship
Factors that affect personal hygiene
- spiritual practices
- socio-economic class
- culture
- health state and developmental
- personal references
Skin assessment questions
- how long have you had this problem
- does it bother you
- how does it bother you
- how are symptoms releaved
What to look for when examining skin
- cleanliness
- color
- temperature
- turgor
- moisture
- sensation
- vascularity
- evidence of lesions
Assessment considerations
- culture and social practices
- patient's dignity
- safety issues (call light, bed rail, floor cleanliness)
- physical status and limitations
- nutritional status
- head to toes, oral cavity
Possible Nursing Diagnosis with bathing
- bathing/hygiene deficit
- ineffective health maintenance
- impaired oral mucous membrane
- impaired social interaction
- ineffective coping
Promote patient hygiene
- educate on the connection between hygiene and health
Nursing Interventions: hygiene
- provide privacy
- foster physical well bing
- encourage independent care
- organize care
- document findings and interventions
- provide bed bath, oral hygiene, foot care, perineal care, nail care, shaving, linen change
AM hygiene care
- before breakfast
- oral care
- body wash
- linen changes
PM hygiene care
- done at bedtime
- brush teeth
- wash hands and face
- back rubs
Partial Care
- only clean certain areas
Denture Care
- dentures are expensive
- do not wrap them in toilet tissue
- store them in cool or lukewarm water
- put patient's name on container
- instruct patient to brush their gums & wash their mouth before putting them back in
Bathing
- assessment
- planning
- explain procedure
- provide privacy
- gather supplies